NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science Solutions for Chapter 14 - Chemicals Effects Of Electric Current

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science Solutions for Chapter 14 - PDF Download Free Download

NCERT Exemplar solution for Class 8 Science Chapter 14 Chemical Effects of Electric Current provided here presents you with the answers to the questions provided in NCERT Exemplar. By getting thorough with this solution you will get the knowledge about different kinds of questions that can be asked in class 8 examinations.

This page has answers to 7 multiple choice questions, 4 very short answer questions, 6 short answer questions, 7 long answer questions. It is very important for the students to study NCERT Exemplar solution to score good marks in class 8 examination.

In this chapter, the students will learn how different chemicals react when an electric current passes through it. After reading this chapter the students will know which chemicals are good conductors of electricity and which one is a poor conductor of electricity. To master the concepts of this chapter students are advised to solve NCERT exemplar for class 8 chapter 14 chemical effects of electric current. To help students we have provided the NCERT exemplar questions below.

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Access Answers of NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science Solutions for Chapter 14 – Chemicals Effects Of Electric Current

Multiple Choice Questions

1. An electric current can produce

(a) heating effect only.

(b) chemical effect only.

(c) magnetic effect only.

(d) chemical, heating, and magnetic effects.

Soln:

Answer is (d) chemical, heating, and magnetic effects.

Explanation:

Electric current causes a chemical reaction when it passes through a conducting solution. This is a chemical effect of electric current.

When electric current passes through bulb. Its filament gets heated and bulb starts glowing. This is heating effect of electric current.

When electric current is passed through a circuit it produces a magnetic field around it. This is magnetic effect of electric current.

2. Boojho and Paheli performed experiments taking similar bulbs and cells but two different solutions A and B as shown in Fig.14.1.

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 14 Solutions fig 1

They found that the bulb in the setup A glows more brightly as compared to that of the setup B. You would conclude that

(a) higher current is flowing through the circuit in setup A.

(b) higher current is flowing through the circuit in setup B.

(c) equal current is flowing through both the circuits.

(d) the current flowing through the circuits in the two setups cannot be compared in this manner.

Soln:

Answer is (a) higher current is flowing through the circuit in setup A.

Explanation:

Higher current is flowing through the circuit in setup A because solution A is a good conductor of electricity compared to solution B.

3. Boojho’s uncle has set up an electroplating factory near his village. He should dispose off the waste of the factory

(a) in the nearby river.

(b) in the nearby pond.

(c) in the nearby cornfield.

(d) according to the disposal guidelines of the local authority.

Soln:

Answer is (d) according to the disposal guidelines of the local authority.

Explanation:

Waste disposal is major concern in electroplating industry as it causes water pollution and releases hazardous chemical into water bodie. Hnece it should be disposed off according to guidelines of the local authority.

4. When electric current is passed through a conducting solution, there is a change of colour of the solution. This indicates

(a) the chemical effect of current.

(b) the heating effect of current.

(c) the magnetic effect of current.

(d) the lightning effect of current.

Soln:

Answer is (a) the chemical effect of current

Explanation:

Conducting a solution through electric current cause’s chemical reaction. This causes a change in color and this is chemical effect of electric current.

5. Which one of the following solutions will not conduct electricity?

(a) lemon juice

(b) vinegar

(c) tap water

(d) vegetable oil

Soln:

Answer is (d) vegetable oil

Explanation:

Vegetable oil does not contains ions hence it cannot conduct electricity.

6.Which of the following metals is used in electroplating to make objects appear shining?

(a) iron

(b) copper

(c) chromium

(d) aluminium

Soln:

Answer is (c) chromium

Explanation:

Chromium metal is used in electroplating to make objects appear shining because chromium has shining property and is scratch resitant.

7.

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 14 Solutions fig 2

Which of the following solutions will not make the bulb in Fig 14.2 glow?

(a) sodium chlorides

(b) copper sulphate

(c) silver nitrate

(d) sugar solution in distilled water

Soln:

Answer is (d) sugar solution in diluted water

Explanation:

Sugar solution is neither acidic nor basic and it cannot ionize to conduct electricity. Similarly distilled water has no ions in it to conduct electricity. Hence mixture of sugar solution and distilled water will not conduct electricity.

Very Short Answer Questions

8.Fill in the blanks

(a) The object to be electroplated is taken as ____________ electrode.

(b) One of the most common applications of chemical effect of electric current is ______________.

(c) Small amount of a mineral salt present naturally in water makes it a______________ of electricity.

(d) Electroplating of ______________ is done on objects like water taps and cycle bell to give them a shiny appearance.

Soln:

(a) Cathode

(b) Electroplating

(c) Conductor

(d) Chromium

9. Why is a layer of zinc coated over iron?

Soln:

Iron readily reacts with atmospheric air to form rust. In order to prevent it from rusting zinc is coated over iron.

10. Will the solution of sugar in distilled water conduct electricity?

Soln:

No, Sugar solution is neither acidic nor basic and it cannot ionize to conduct electricity.

11. Name the effect of current responsible for the glow of the bulb in an electric circuit.

Soln:

Heating effect of electric current.

Short Answer Questions

12. Boojho made the circuit given in Fig. 14.3 and observed that the bulb did not glow. On Paheli’s suggestion he added one more cell in the circuit. The bulb now glows. Explain.

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 14 Solutions fig 3

Soln:

On adding another cell current flows through bulb sufficiently to make it glow.

13. Paheli set up an experiment using liquid A in the beaker as shown in Fig. 14.4. She observed that the bulb glows. Then she replaced the liquid A by another liquid B. This time the bulb did not glow. Boojho suggested replacing the bulb by an LED. They observed that the LED glows. Explain.

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 14 Solutions fig 4

Soln:

Current flowing through liquid B may be weak to make the bulb glow whereas it was strong enough to make the LED glow.

14. Paheli wants to deposit silver on an iron spoon. She took silver nitrate (AgNO3) solution in a beaker and setup a simple circuit for electroplating. Which terminal of the battery should the spoon be connected to? What material should the other electrode be made of?

Soln:

The spoon should be connected to the negative terminal of the battery. The other electrode should be made of silver.

15. Why is tin electroplated on iron to make cans used for storing food?

Soln:

Tin is less reactive than iron. In order to prevent iron from reacting with food tin is coated over iron for storing food.

16. Observe Fig. 14.5.

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 14 Solutions fig 5

Which of these two circuits A or B shows the correct observation?

Soln:

Diagram A shows the correct observation

17. Observe the following circuits carefully. In which circuit will the bulb glow. Write ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ in the blank space provided along each of the circuit given in Fig. 14.6.

Soln:

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 14 Solutions fig 6NO

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 14 Solutions fig 7

Yes

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 14 Solutions fig 8

No

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 14 Solutions fig 9Yes

Long Answer Questions

18. An electric current is passed through a conducting solution. List any three possible observations.

Soln:

Three possible observations are

  • Bubbles of gas may be formed on the electrodes.
  • Deposits of metal may be seen on electrodes.
  • Change in the colour of the solution may take place
  • The solution may get heated.

19. In the circuit given as Fig. 14.7, Boojho observed that copper is deposited on the electrode connected to the negative terminal of the battery. Paheli tried to repeat the same experiment. But she could find only one copper plate. Therefore she took a carbon rod as negative electrode. Will copper be still deposited on the carbon rod? Explain your answer.

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 14 Solutions fig 10

Soln:

Copper from the copper sulphate solution will be deposited on the carbon rod. Copper sulphate dissocialtes into copper and sulphate when electric current is passed through the copper sulphate solution.The free copper gets drawn to the electrode connected to the negative terminal of the battery, i.e. carbon rod and gets deposited on it. Thus, Paheli will obtain a coating of copper on carbon rod.

20. Observe the circuit given in Fig. 14.8.

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 14 Solutions fig 11

Boojho set up this circuit for purification of copper. What will be the nature of – (i) plate A (ii) plate B (iii) the solution. Explain the process of purification.

Soln:

i) In plate A- Pure copper

ii) In plate B- Impure copper

iii) In plate C- Copper sulphate

Process of purification here is Electrplating.

Take copper sulphate and two copper plates of size around 10 cm × 4 cm. Take 250 mL of distilled water in a clean and dry beaker. Dissolve two teaspoonfuls of copper sulphate in it. Add a few drops of dilute sulphuric acid to copper sulphate solution to make it more conducting. Clean copper plates with sand paper. Now rinse them with water and dry them. Connect the copper plates to the terminals of a battery and immerse them in copper sulphate solution.

When electric current is passed through the copper sulphate solution, copper sulphate dissociates into copper and sulphate. The free copper gets drawn to the electrode connected to the negative terminal of the battery and gets deposited on it.

21. Observe the following circuit given in Fig. 14.9.

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 14 Solutions fig 12

Current does not flow in the circuit if there is a gap between the two wires. Does it indicate that air is a poor conductor of electricity? Does air never conduct electricity? Explain.

Soln:

Generally air is a bad conductor of electricity. But in certain conditions like lightening air conducts electricity.

22. Boojho made the circuit shown in Fig. 14.10. He wanted to observe what happens when an electric current is passed through water. But he forgot to add a few drops of lemon juice to water. Will it make any difference to his observations? Explain.

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 14 Solutions fig 13

Soln:

If the water is distilled water then without lemon juice it cannot conduct electricity and current will not pass through the circuit. If the water is salty then a feeble current will pass through circuits and bubbles will be observed on the negative electrode.

23. Observing that the bulb does not glow in the circuit shown in Fig. 14.11 A, Boojho changed the circuit as shown in Fig 14.11 B. He observed deflection in the magnetic compass.

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 14 Solutions fig 14

(i)What does the deflection in magnetic compass indicate?

(ii) Why did the bulb not glow in Fig.14.11 A?

(iii) What would be the effect of increase in the number of turns in the coil wound around the magnetic compass in Fig. 14.11B?

(iv) What will be observed if the number of cells are increased in the circuit shown in Fig. 14.11B?

Soln:

(i) It indicates the presence of current in the circuit.

(ii) The bulb did not glow because the current was not sufficient

to make it glow.

(iii) Deflection in the magnetic compass will increase.

(iv) Deflection in the compass will increase further.

24.You are provided with a magnetic compass, an empty match box, a battery of two cells and connecting wires. Using these objects how will you make a tester for testing an electric circuit? Draw the necessary circuit diagram and explain.

Soln:

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 14 Solutions fig 15

Magnetic compass needle shows deflection when current flows through the circuit. This is due to magnetic effect of current.

Important topics covered in Class 8 Science Chapter 14 Chemical Effects of Electric Current

  1. Do Liquids Conduct Electricity?
  2. Chemical Effects of Electric
  3. Electroplating.

Class 8 is one of the crucial stages of a student’s life, students of class 8 will be writing national level exams like science Olympiad and other scholarship tests. The NCERT solutions provided here for chapter chemical effects of electric current will help the students to learn the concepts in an easy way.

This chapter deals with the chemical effects of electric current, electroplating, good conductors, LED and conductors. The topics provided in this chapter are very important from the point of examination.

Along with NCERT solutions, students should practice lots of sample papers and previous year questions. Solving previous year questions and sample papers will help them to know about different types of questions asked in the examination.

Also Read

Frequently Asked Questions on Chemicals Effects Of Electric Current

Why is tin electroplated on iron to make cans used for storing food?

Tin is less reactive than iron. In order to prevent iron from reacting with food tin is coated over iron for storing food.

Why is a layer of zinc coated over iron ?

Iron readily reacts with atmospheric air to form rust. In order to prevent it from rusting zinc is coated over iron.

Will the solution of sugar in distilled water conduct electricity?

No, Sugar solution is neither acidic nor basic and it cannot ionize to conduct electricity.

Name the effect of current responsible for the glow of the bulb in an electric circuit.

Heating effect of electric current.

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