NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science Solutions for Chapter 17 - Stars And The Solar System

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science Solutions for Chapter 17 - PDF Download Free Download

NCERT Exemplar solution for Class 8 Science Chapter 17 The Solar System aids you in gaining knowledge on different varieties and the difficulty level of all possible kind of question that can be asked on the topic The Solar System.

This NCERT exemplar solutions are prepared by subject experts as [per latest CBSE syllabus 2019 This page has 7 multiple choice questions, 7 very short answer questions, 4 short answer questions and 7 long answer questions.

Students have already studied about the solar system in 6th standard. In class 8 students will learn more about celestial objects like the moon, stars, constellations, sun and planets. Learning about our solar system is very important because the outer space is perhaps the final frontier for humanity. To understand the chapter and to score good marks in the exam. Solve questions from the NCERT exemplar solutions class 8 science chapter 17 stars and solar system.

Download PDF of NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science Solutions for Chapter 17 – Stars And The Solar System

 

NCERT exemplar solution class 8 science chapter 17 part 01
NCERT exemplar solution class 8 science chapter 17 part 02
NCERT exemplar solution class 8 science chapter 17 part 03
NCERT exemplar solution class 8 science chapter 17 part 04
NCERT exemplar solution class 8 science chapter 17 part 05
NCERT exemplar solution class 8 science chapter 17 part 06
NCERT exemplar solution class 8 science chapter 17 part 07
NCERT exemplar solution class 8 science chapter 17 part 08
NCERT exemplar solution class 8 science chapter 17 part 09
NCERT exemplar solution class 8 science chapter 17 part 10
NCERT exemplar solution class 8 science chapter 17 part 11

 

Access Answers of NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science Solutions for Chapter 17 – Stars And The Solar System

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Morning star is the name given to

(a) pole star

(b) star Sirius

(c) planet Jupiter

(d) planet Venus

Soln:

Answer is (d) planet Venus

Explanation:

Planet Venus is dazzling than any other stars and it is visible in the eastern sky before sunrise.

2. Which of the following figures depicts the position of pole star correctly?

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 17 Solutions fig 1

Soln:

Answer is a)

Explanation:

Pole star is situated in north direction of earth’s axis hence answer is a)

3. Sun appears to move from east to west around the earth. This means that earth rotates from

(a) east to west

(b) west to east

(c) north to south

(d) west to north

Soln:

Answer is (b) west to east

Explanation:

Sun appears to move from east to west around the earth which means the earth is rotating in the opposite direction.

4. An astronaut standing on the surface of the moon throws a ball upwards. The ball would

(a) directly fall down from the point it is released.

(b) hang in space.

(c) go up and then come back to the surface of the moon.

(d) keep going up never to come back.

Soln:

Answer is (c) go up and then come back to the surface of the moon.

Explanation

At moon acceleration due to gravity is lesser than earth hence the ball will go up and then come back to the surface of the moon.

5. Suppose a new planet is discovered between Uranus and Neptune. Its time period would be

(a) less than that of Neptune.

(b) more than that of Neptune.

(c) equal to that of Neptune or Uranus.

(d) less than that of Uranus.

Soln:

Answer is (a) less than that of Neptune.

Explanation:

We know that time period is directly proportional to the distance from the sun. Hence new planet discovered between Uranus and Neptune will have less time period than the neptune and greater than the Uranus.

6. The change in seasons on the earth occurs because

(a) the distance between the earth and the sun is not constant.

(b) the axis of rotation of the earth is parallel to the plane of its orbit.

(c) the axis of rotation of the earth is perpendicular to the plane of its orbit.

(d) the axis of rotation of the earth is tilted with respect to the plane of its orbit.

Soln:

Answer is (d) the axis of rotation of the earth is tilted with respect to the plane of its orbit.

Explanation:

Axis of rotation of the earth is not perpendicular to the plane of its orbit. The tilt is responsible for the change of seasons on earth.

7. The first of a month is the new moon day. On fifteenth of the same month, which of the following figures would represent the phase of the moon?

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 17 Solutions fig 2

Soln:

Answer is a)

Explanation:

After 15 days of new moon day it will be full moon day hence we can see full moon as shown in option a)

Very Short Answer Questions

8. Do stars emit light only during night?

Soln:

Stars emit light always, but cannot see them in the day because of excess brightness of sun.

9. Paheli and Boojho observe a bright object in the night sky which was not twinkling. Paheli says, it is a star and Boojho says it is a planet. Who is correct?

Soln:

Boojho is right, because only planets cannot twinkle whereas stars emit light from far distance and they twinkle.

10. State whether the following statements are ‘True’ or ‘False’.

(a) The planet nearest to us is Jupiter.

(b) All the stars are at the same distance from us.

(c) The planets do not emit light of their own.

(d) The planets keep changing their position with respect to stars.

(e) The planet Venus appears in the eastern sky before sunrise.

(f) The plane in which the earth revolves around the sun is called equatorial plane of earth.

Soln:

a. False – Mars and venus are the nearest planets to earth

b. False- Different stars are at distance distance from us

c. True

d. True

e. True

f. False- Earth revolves around sun in orbital plane

11. John saw full moon on a particular day. After how many days will he be able to see the full moon again?

Soln:

Approximately 29 days

12. In the picture of rotating earth given as Fig. 17.3 mark the position of pole star.

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 17 Solutions fig 3

Soln:

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 17 Solutions fig 4

13. In the given Fig. 17.4 out of the positions A,B,C and D which will indicate the position of the sun? Draw the sun at the appropriate position.

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 17 Solutions fig 5

Soln:

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 17 Solutions fig 6

14. In Fig. 17.5 mark the arrows (←), (→), (↓), or (↑) to show the direction of sunlight

Soln:

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 17 Solutions fig 7

Short Answer Questions

15. A star is ten light years away from the earth. Suppose it brightens up suddenly today. After how much time shall we see this change?

Soln:

We will see the change after 10 years.

16. Meteors are not visible during the daytime. Explain the reason.

Soln:

Meteors are not visible during the daytime because the brightness of a meteor is extremely small compared to that

of the sun.

17. Why does the moon change its shape daily?

Soln:

We see only that part of the moon from which the light of the sun is reflected towards us. Hence moon change its shape daily.

18. Paheli saw the moon through a glass window at 8:00 p.m. She marked the position of the moon on the glass pane. She got up at 4 a.m. in the morning. Will the moon be visible at the same position?

Soln:

No, Because position of the moon keeps changing during night.

Long Answer Questions

19. Suppose the moon emits light of its own. Would it still have phases? Justify your answer

Soln:

As moon does not emit its own light and reflects the light of sun. phases are seen. Because of revolution of earth, reflection of different intensities of light fall on moon. Because of this moon glows continuously forming phases.

20. Fig. 17.6 shows comets without their tail. Show the tails of the comets at position A, B, and C. In which position will the tail be longest?

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 17 Solutions fig 8

Soln:

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 17 Solutions fig 9

The tail will be longest at position B.

21. Explain why we always see the same side of moon.

Soln:

We always see the same side of moon because moon’s period of revolution around the earth is equal to the period of rotation of the moon on its axis. Hence we can only the side that faces us.

22.

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 17 Solutions fig 10

Look at Fig. 17.7 carefully and answer the following question:

(a) In which part of the sky would you see the full moon in the evening?

(b) In which part of the sky would you see the crescent moon in the evening?

Soln:

(a) We see the full moon in the evening in the eastern part of the sky.

(b) We see the crescent moon in the evening in the western part of the sky.

23. Write the names of all planets in Fig. 17.8.

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 17 Solutions fig 11

Soln:

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 17 Solutions fig 12

  1. Mercury
  2. Venus
  3. Earth
  4. Mars
  5. Jupiter
  6. Saturn
  7. Uranus
  8. Neptune

24. Suppose the distance between earth and sun becomes half of its present distance. What is likely to happen to life?

Soln:

Life may no longer exist because some special environmental conditions are needed for the existence and continuation of life on the earth. The right distance of earth from the Sun is necessary so that it has right temperature range, the presence of water and suitable atmosphere and a blanket of ozone.

25. Explain with a diagram how you can locate pole star with the help of the constellation Great Bear (Ursa Major).

Soln:

Locate the two end stars of Ursa Major. Imagine a straight line passing through these stars as shown in the figure below. Extend this imaginary line towards the north direction. This line will

lead to a star which is not too bright. This is pole star.

NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science chapter 17 Solutions fig 15

Topics covered in NCERT exemplar for Class 8 Science Chapter 17 Stars and the Solar System

  1. The Moon
  2. The Stars
  3. Constellations
  4. The Solar System.

 

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Also Read

Frequently Asked Questions on Stars And The Solar System

Explain why we always see the same side of moon ?

We always see the same side of moon because moon’s period of revolution around the earth is equal to the period of rotation of the moon on its axis. Hence we can only the side that faces us.

Why does the moon change its shape daily ?

We see only that part of the moon from which the light of the sun is reflected towards us. Hence moon change its shape daily.

. Explain the reason why Meteors are not visible during the daytime ?

Meteors are not visible during the daytime because the brightness of a meteor is extremely small compared to that
of the sun.

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