# NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science Solutions for Chapter 16 - Light

## NCERT Exemplar Solutions Class 8 Science Chapter 16 â€“ Free PDF Download

The NCERT Exemplar Solution for Class 8 Science Chapter 16 Light provides you with details on the types and the level of difficulty of questions that are usually asked in the CBSE Class 8 examination and other competitive examinations. Hence, it is important for students to refer to the NCERT Exemplar Solution. The exemplar has a variety of questions like multiple-choice questions, match the following, fill in the blanks, short answer questions, very short answer questions, long answer questions and numerical problems.

Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. In this chapter, students will learn about the different properties of light and their sources. Along with these, they will be introduced to the laws of reflection and how a human eye works or how eyes see images. Solve and practise higher-order thinking questions of this chapter from NCERT Exemplar Class 8 ScienceÂ Chapter 16 Light.

### Multiple Choice Questions

1. Part of the eye which controls the light entering is called

(a) iris

(b) cornea

(c) lens

(d) retina

Soln:

Explanation:

Iris is a dark muscular structure exists behind the cornea. Its function is to control the entry of light.

2. We can see a non-luminous object when light:

(a) emitted by the object falls on the eye.

(b) is reflected from the object towards our eye.

(c) completely passes through the object.

(d) gets completely absorbed by the object.

Soln:

The answer is (b) is reflected from the object towards our eye.

3. Light is falling on surface S1, S2, S3 as shown in Fig.16.1.

Surfaces on which the angle of incidence is equal to the angle of reflection is/are

(a) S1 only

(b) S1 and S2 only

(c) S2 and S3

(d) all the three surfaces

Soln:

The answer is (d) all the three surfaces

Explanation:

Laws of reflection are always followed irrespective of the surface of the object hence the angle of incidence is equal to the angle of reflection.

4. A tiny mirror M is fixed on a piece of cardboard placed on a table. The cardboard is illuminated by light from a bulb. The position of the eye with respect to the position of the bulb is shown in Fig.16.2 as A, B, C and D. In which position mirror will be visible?

a. A

b. B

c. C

d. D

Soln:

Explanation:

In case of A ray of light from A strikes mirror and gets reflected back to make an angle of incidence and angle of reflection equal.

5. A small hole P is made in a piece of cardboard. The hole is illuminated by a torch as shown in Fig. 16.3. The pencil of light coming out of the hole falls on a mirror.

At which point should the eye be placed so that the hole can be seen?

(a) A

(b) B

(c) C

(d) D

Soln:

Explanation:

The eye should be placed at position A because the hole can be seen only when the angle of incidence is equal to the angle of reflection.

6. Two mirrors A and B are placed at right angles to each other as shown in Fig.16.4.

A ray of light incident on mirror A at an angle of 250 falls on mirror B after reflection. The angle of reflection for the ray reflected from mirror B would be

(a) 250

(b) 500

(c) 650

(d) 1150

Soln:

Explanation:

The angle of reflection for the ray reflected from mirror B will be 65Â° because reflected ray from mirror A forms incident ray on mirror 6 and then reflected back by an angle of 65Â°.

7. Which of the following statements is correct regarding rods and cones in the human eye?

(a) Cones are sensitive to dim light.

(b) Cones are sensitive to bright light.

(c) Rods are sensitive to bright light.

(d) Rods can sense colour.

Soln:

The answer is (b) Cones are sensitive to bright light.

Explanation:

Cones are sensitive to bright light hence they sense the colour whereas rods are sensitive to dim light and they cannot sense colour.

8. In the figure of the human eye (Fig.16.5), the cornea is represented by the letter

(a) A

(b) B

(c) C

(d) D

Soln:

Explanation:

1. Iris
2. Lens
3. Cornea

9. Name the part of the eye which gives colour to the eyes

Soln:

Iris the part of the eye which gives colour to the eyes.

10. Boojho while waving his hand very fast in front of his eyes, observes that his fingers appear blurred. What could be the reason for it?

Soln:

Persistence of vision is the reason for the blurred vision ofÂ Boojho while waving his hand very fast in front of his eyes, observes that his fingers appear blurred.

11. How many times is a ray of light reflected by two plane mirrors placed parallel and facing each other?

Soln:

An infinite number of timesÂ a ray of light reflected by two plane mirrors placed parallel and facing each other.

12. The angle between the incident ray and the reflected ray is 60Â°. What is the value of the angle of incidence?

Soln:

Explanation:

The angle of reflection is equal to the angle of incidence. Since Angle of incident ray+ Angle of reflected ray is 60Â°.

The angle of incidence = 30Â°

13. The distance between the object and its image formed by a plane mirror appears to be 24 cm. What is the distance between the mirror and the object?

Soln:

The distance will be 12 cm

Explanation:

Object +image formed =24 cm

Object +mirror =12 cm

14. What happens to light when it gets dispersed? Give an example.

Soln:

When the light gets dispersed it is split into its constituent colours. Ex: rainbow.

15. Draw Fig.16.6 showing the position of the plane mirror. Also, label the angle of incidence and angle of reflection on it.

Soln:

16. Look at Fig.16.7. Can the image of the child in it be obtained on a screen?

Soln:

No, the image of the child cannot be obtained on a screen because the image is a virtual image.

17. Eyes of the nocturnal birds have large cornea and a large pupil. How does this structure help them?

Soln:

They can see objects even in the faint light. As a large pupil and large cornea allow more light to enter their eyes.

18. What kind of lens is there in our eyes? Where does it form the image of an object?

Soln:

Our eyes have a convex type of lens and the image is formed on the retina.

19. Which part of the eye gets affected if someone is suffering from cataract? How is it treated?

Soln:

If a person is suffering from cataract their eye lens will be cloudy. Cataract can be treated by replacing the opaque lens by an artificial lens.

20. Boojho planned activity to observe an object A through pipes as shown in Fig. 16.8, so that he could see objects which he could not directly see.

(a) How many mirrors should he use to see the objects?

(b) Indicate the positions of the mirrors in the figure.

(c) What must be the angle with respect to the incident light at which he should place the mirrors?

(d) Indicate the direction of the rays in the figure.

(e) If any of the mirrors are removed, will he be able to see the objects?

Soln:

a) Three mirrors should he use to see the objects.

b)

c) 45Â°

d)

e) He will not be able to see the objects.

21. There is a mistake in each of the following ray diagrams given as Fig. 16.9 a, b, and c. Make the necessary correction (s).

Soln:

The Fig. in all the three cases after correction should be as in the given figure

22. Explain the process which enables us to perceive motion in a cartoon film.

Soln:

Carton movie is actually a projection of a static picture. 24 pictures per second are shown in a specific order which gives us the perception of movement.

23. How is the phenomenon of reflection used in making a kaleidoscope? What are the applications of a kaleidoscope?

Soln:

The kaleidoscope gives a number of images formed by reflection from the mirrors inclined to one another. Designers and artists use kaleidoscope to get ideas for new patterns to design wallpapers, Jewellery and fabrics.

24. Fig. 16.10 shows the word REST written in two ways in front of a mirror. Show how the word would appear in the mirror.

Soln:

25. Write down the names of parts of the eye in the blank spaces shown in Fig. 16.10.

Soln:

1. Ciliary muscle

2. Iris

3. Lens

4. Cornea

5. Retina

6. Optic Nerve

### The Important Topics of the NCERT Exemplar for Class 8 Science Chapter 16 Light

1. What Makes Things Visible
2. Laws of Reflection
3. Regular and Diffused Reflection
4. Reflected Light Can be Reflected Again
5. Multiple Images
6. Sunlight â€“ White or Coloured
7. What Is Inside Our Eyes
8. Care of the Eyes
9. Visually Challenged Persons Can Read and Write
10. What Is the Braille System?

BYJU’S provides comprehensive study materials, notes, video and animation lessons, sample papers and books for CBSE students of all classes. We also keep track of the progress each student makes. After assessing the situation, regular feedback is given. We also have a responsive support team to clear all doubts. Students can raise all their queries on any subject.

## Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 16

Q1

### How is the phenomenon of reflection used in making a kaleidoscope? What are the applications of a kaleidoscope covered in Chapter 16 of NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 8 Science?

The kaleidoscope gives a number of images formed by reflections from the mirrors inclined to one another. Designers and artists use kaleidoscopes to get ideas for new patterns to design wallpapers, jewellery, and fabrics. These concepts are briefly explained in NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 16, curated by the subject experts at BYJUâ€™S. The solutions are explained in simple language to make it easier for students while learning.
Q2

### What are the important topics covered in Chapter 16 of NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 8 Science?

The important topics covered in Chapter 16 of NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 8 Science are as listed.
1. What Makes Things Visible
2. Laws of Reflection
3. Regular and Diffused Reflection
4. Reflected Light Can be Reflected Again
5. Multiple Images
6. Sunlight â€“ White or Coloured
7. What Is Inside Our Eyes
8. Care of the Eyes
9. Visually Challenged Persons Can Read and Write
10. What Is the Braille System?
Q3

### Are NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 16 sufficient for the exam preparation?

NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 16 are designed by the faculty at BYJUâ€™S to help students ace the exam with confidence. The fundamental concepts are explained in the most systematic way to improve studentsâ€™ understanding. Each and every minute detail is covered in NCERT Exemplar Solutions to help students with their exam preparation. The solutions are available in both online and offline modes, which can be used by them based on their requirements.