NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 14 Chemical Effects of Electric Current

NCERT Solutions Class 8 Science Chapter 14 – Free PDF Download

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 14 Chemical Effects of Electric Current provides ready solutions for all the questions given in the NCERT Class 8 Science textbook. The set of solutions presented here are prepared by subject professionals to help students in their studies. Students can practise more questions either by accessing or by downloading the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science for this chapter at BYJU’S.

Chemical Effects of Electric Current is the fundamental topic that is required to be understood to avoid difficulty in all your future endeavors. This NCERT Solution comprehensively makes you understand the topic and clear your doubts through its answers. Students can easily practice and revise concepts by referring to these NCERT Class 8 Solutions. It saves your time by providing all the necessary concepts and solutions in a proper sequence.

Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 14 Chemical Effects of Electric Current

NCERT Solution CBSE Class 8 Science Chapter 14 1
NCERT Solution CBSE Class 8 Science Chapter 14 2
NCERT Solution CBSE Class 8 Science Chapter 14 3
NCERT Solution CBSE Class 8 Science Chapter 14 4

Access Answers of Science NCERT Class 8 Chapter 14 Chemical Effects of Electric Current

Exercise Questions

1. Fill in the blanks.

(a) Most liquids that conduct electricity are solutions of , ______________ and ______________.

(b) The passage of an electric current through a solution causes ______________ effects.

(c) If you pass current through copper sulphate solution, copper gets deposited on the plate connected to the ___________terminal of the battery.

(d) The process of depositing a layer of any desired metal on another material by means of electricity is called _________.

Soln:

(a) Most liquids that conduct electricity are solutions of acids, bases and salts.

(b) The passage of an electric current through a solution causes chemical effects.

(c) If you pass current through copper sulphate solution, copper gets deposited on the plate connected to the negative terminal of the battery.

(d) The process of depositing a layer of any desired metal on another material by means of electricity is called electroplating.

2. When the free ends of a tester are dipped into a solution, the magnetic needle shows deflection. Can you explain the reason?

Soln:

The compass needle shows a deflection which concludes that current is flowing through the wire. The circuit becomes complete as the free ends of the tester are immersed inside the solution. So, the solution is conducting solution hence deflection is obtained in the compass needle.

3. Name three liquids, which when tested in the manner shown in Fig.14.9, may cause the magnetic needle to deflect.

Liquid causing the magnetic needle to deflect.

Soln:

I. Saltwater

II. Lemon juice

III. Vegetable oil

These liquids can be taken in a beaker to show the passage of electricity as they will show a deflection in the magnetic needle.

4. The bulb does not glow in the setup shown in Fig.14.10. List the possible reasons. Explain your answer.

Chapter 14 Chemical Effects of Electric Current-sol-1

Soln:

The possibility of the bulb not glowing maybe because of the following reasons:

a. The liquid may be non-conducting. In this case, the circuit is incomplete and the current does not pass through the liquid.

b. Electric current may be weak for the circuit is made up of a material which is not a good conductor of electricity or there is insufficient energy in the battery to generate electricity.

5. A tester is used to check the conduction of electricity through two liquids, labelled A and B. It is found that the bulb of the tester glows brightly for liquid A while it glows very dimly for liquid B. You would conclude that

(i) liquid A is a better conductor than liquid B.

(ii) liquid B is a better conductor than liquid A.

(iii) both liquids are equally conducting.

(iv) conducting properties of liquid cannot be compared in this manner.

Soln:

Liquid A is a better conductor than liquid B.

The conductivity of the solution determines the amount of current flowing through the solution. Greater the conductivity, greater will be the quantity current passing through the solution and lesser the conductivity, the quantity of current passing through will be correspondingly less. So, the conductivity of liquid A is more than the conductivity of liquid B.

6. Does pure water conduct electricity? If not, what can we do to make it conducting?

Soln:

Pure water does not conduct electricity as it does not contain any type of salts. Adding, a small amount of Common salt (Sodium Chloride ie,.NaCl) will turn the water to a conducting medium.

7. In case of a fire, before the firemen use the water hoses, they shut off the main electrical supply for the area. Explain why they do this.

Soln:

In case of a fire, before the firemen use the water hoses, they shut off the main electrical supply for the area because water sprayed from the hose might conduct electricity which may come in contact with the electrical appliances which increases the chance of electricity passing through wire. This may hurt the fireman.

8. A child staying in a coastal region tests the drinking water and also the seawater with his tester. He finds that the compass needle deflects more in the case of seawater. Can you explain the reason?

Soln:

The amount of dissolved salts present in the seawater is more than that of the drinking water. So, the sea water will be a better conductor than the drinking water. That is the reason behind the increased deflection of the needle in the seawater when compared with the drinking water.

9. Is it safe for the electrician to carry out electrical repairs outdoors during heavy downpour? Explain.

Soln:

No. It is not safe to repair electrical appliances outdoors during a heavy downpour. Rainwater is composed of a certain percentage of dissolved salts making it conductive. This may cause electric shocks and harm the electrician while working outdoors during heavy downpours.

10. Paheli had heard that rainwater is as good as distilled water. So she collected some rainwater in a clean glass tumbler and tested it using a tester. To her surprise she found that the compass needle showed deflection. What could be the reasons?

Soln:

Rainwater is composed of a certain percentage of dissolved salts making it conductive. This makes the deflection in the compass.

11. Prepare a list of objects around you that are electroplated.

Soln:

Chromium plating: This is done on exterior parts of automobiles in order to obtain a shiny appearance.

Gold Plating: Silver ornaments are coated with a thin layer of gold and the product are called Gold-plated Ornaments.

Zinc Plating: Iron used for Construction are coated with a Zinc layer in order to protect them from corrosion and rusting.

12. The process that you saw in Activity 14.7 is used for purification of copper. A thin plate of pure copper and a thick rod of impure copper are used as electrodes. Copper from impure rod is sought to be transfered to the thin copper plate. Which electrode should be attached to the positive terminal of the battery and why?

Soln:

The thick rod of impure copper plate is to be attached to the positive terminal of the battery because when electric current is passed through the copper sulphate solution, it gets dissociated into copper and sulphate. The free copper, being positively charged, gets drawn to the negative terminal of the battery and gets deposited on it. On the other hand the loss of copper from the solution is regained from the impure copper rod which is attached to the positive terminal of the battery.

Subtopics of Class 8 Science Chapter 14 Chemical Effects of Electric Current

  1. Do Liquids Conduct Electricity?
  2. Chemical Effects of Electric
  3. Electroplating.

Class 8 is one of the crucial stages of a student’s life. Students of CBSE Class 8 will be writing national level exams like Science Olympiad and other scholarship tests. The NCERT Solutions provided here for chapter Chemical Effects of Electric Current will help the students to learn the concepts in an easy way. This chapter deals with the chemical effects of electric current, electroplating, good conductors, LED and conductors. The topics provided in this chapter are very important from an exam perspective.

Along with NCERT Solutions, students should practise lots of sample papers and previous year questions. Solving previous year questions and sample papers will help them to know about different types of questions asked in the examination.

Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 14

Prepare a list of objects around you that are electroplated from the Chapter 14 of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science?

The Chapter 14 of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science explains the electroplating of
Chromium plating: This is done on exterior parts of automobiles in order to obtain a shiny appearance.
Gold Plating: Silver ornaments are coated with a thin layer of gold and the products are called Gold-plated Ornaments.
Zinc Plating: Iron used for Construction are coated with a Zinc layer in order to protect them from corrosion and rusting.

What are the topics included in the Chapter 14 of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science?

The topics included in the Chapter 14 of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science are –
Do Liquids Conduct Electricity?
Chemical Effects of Electric
Electroplating.

Explain electroplating covered in the Chapter 14 of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science.

Electroplating is basically the process of plating a metal onto the other by hydrolysis mostly to prevent corrosion of metal or for decorative purposes. The process uses an electric current to reduce dissolved metal cations to develop a lean coherent metal coating on the electrode. Electroplating is often applied in the electrical oxidation of anions on a solid substrate like the formation of silver chloride on silver wire to form silver chloride electrodes. Students of Class 8 can refer to the NCERT Solutions designed by the experts at BYJU’S to understand this concept easily.

 

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