NCERT Book Solutions Class 7 Geography Chapter 6
The growth of vegetation depends on temperature and moisture. It also depends on factors like slope and thickness of soil. Natural vegetation is generally classified into three broad categories: Forests, Grasslands and Shrubs. The different types of natural vegetation are Tropical Evergreen Forests, Tropical Deciduous Forests, Temperate Evergreen Forests, Temperate Deciduous Forests, Meditterean Vegetation and Coniferous Forests. Grasslands are classified as Tropical grasslands, Temperate grasslands and Thorny bushes. In order to score optimum marks in the exam, it is very important for the students to practise these NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography Chapter 7, as it contains a variety of questions.
Students can also get the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 for other subjects at the linked article.
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social science Chapter 6 – Natural Vegetation and Wildlife – Download PDF
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Studies (Geography) Chapter 6 – Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
1. Answer the following questions.
(i) Which are the two factors on which the growth of vegetation mostly depends?
Answer: The growth of vegetation depends on two factors: temperature and moisture.
(ii) Which are the three broad categories of natural vegetation?
Answer: natural vegetation is divided into three categories:
- Forests- where rainfall and temperature are plentiful for plant growth
- Grasslands- plants that grow in regions of moderate rainfall
- Shrubs- plants that grow in dry regions
(iii) Name the two hardwood trees commonly found in tropical evergreen forest.
Answer: Two hardwood trees commonly found in tropical evergreen forests are rosewood and mahogany.
(iv) In which part of the world are tropical deciduous forests found?
Answer: Tropical deciduous forests, also known as the monsoon forests are found in regions that experience seasonal changes. These areas include India, northern Australia and America.
(v) In which climatic conditions are citrus fruits cultivated?
Answer: Citrus fruits are grown in regions marked for hot, dry summers and mild rainy winters. These citrus fruits include oranges, figs, olives and grapes.
(vi) Mention the uses of coniferous forest.
Answer: The softwood evergreen trees that grow in the coniferous forests are used for making matchboxes and packing boxes. They are also used for making pulp, which is used to manufacture paper and newsprint.
(vii) In which part of the world is seasonal grassland found?
Answer: Seasonal grasslands can be found in the mid latitudinal zone and in the interior parts of the continent.
2. Tick the correct answer.
(i) Mosses and Lichens are found in:
(a) Desert Vegetation
(b) Tropical evergreen forest
(c) Tundra vegetation
(ii) Thorny bushes are found in:
(a) Hot and humid tropical climate
(b) Hot and dry desert climate
(c) Cold polar climate
(iii) In tropical evergreen forest, one of the common animals is:
(iv) One important variety of coniferous forest is:
(v) Steppe grassland is found in
(a) S. Africa
(c) Central Asia
3. Match the following.
|(i) Walrus||(a) Soft wood tree|
|(ii) Cedar||(b) An animal of tropical deciduous forest|
|(iii) Olives||(c) A polar animal|
|(iv) Elephants||(d) Temperate grassland in Australia|
|(v) Campos||(e) Thorny shrubs|
|(vi) Downs||(f) A citrus fruit|
|(g) Tropical grassland of Brazil|
|(i) Walrus||(c) A polar animal|
|(ii) Cedar||(a) Soft wood tree|
|(iii) Olives||(f) A citrus fruit|
|(iv) Elephants||(b) An animal of tropical deciduous forest|
|(v) Campos||(g) Tropical grassland of Brazil|
|(vi) Downs||(d) Temperate grassland in Australia|
4. Give reasons.
(i) The animals in polar region have thick fur and thick skin.
Answer: Animals in the polar region have thick fur and skin, so as to protect themselves from the cold climatic conditions. This region has limited natural vegetation due to its cold climate.
(ii) Tropical deciduous trees shed their leaves in the dry season.
Answer: Tropical deciduous forests are found in large parts of India, Northern part of Australia and America. Such areas experience seasonal changes and hence the tropical deciduous trees shed their leaves in the dry season to save water.
(iii) The type and thickness of vegetation changes from place to place.
Answer: The type and thickness of vegetation changes from place to place, because of the change in climatic condition, landform, temperature and moisture. Different types of plants and animals can survive in different types of vegetation.
Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Summary
In Chapter 6 – Natural Vegetation and Wildlife of NCERT Geography for Class 7, students will study about:
1.Categories of Natural Vegetation
I. Tropical Evergreen Forests
II. Tropical Deciduous Forests
III. Temperate Evergreen Forests
IV. Temperate Deciduous Forests
V. Mediterranean Vegetation
VI. Coniferous Forests
I. Tropical Grasslands
II. Temperate Grasslands
III. Thorny Bushes
Our Environment is the NCERT Geography book for students in Class 7. For NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Sciences, visit the linked article.