NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography Social Science Chapter 7 Human, Environment Settlement, Transport and Communication

NCERT Book Solutions Class 7 Geography Chapter 7

Settlements are places where people build their homes. Settlements can be permanent or temporary. The four major means of transport are roadways, railways, waterways and airways. Communication is the process of conveying messages to others. Mass media means communicating with the masses through newspapers, radio and television. Here in this article, we have provided NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography Chapter 7, serving as a one-stop-shop for all the questions provided in the textbook. Solving these solutions would enable students to score high marks in the examination.

Students can also get the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 for other subjects at the linked article.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social science Chapter 7 – Human Environment- Settlement, Transport and Communication – Download PDF

NCERT Solutions Class 7 Social Studies Geography Chapter 7 1
NCERT Solutions Class 7 Social Studies Geography Chapter 7 2

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Studies (Geography) Chapter 7- Human Environment- Settlement, Transport and Communication

1. Answer the following questions.

(i) What are the four means of transport?

Answer: The four means of transport are as follows:

  1. Roadways
  2. Railways
  3. Waterways
  4. Airways

(ii) What do you understand by the term ‘settlement’?

Answer: Settlements are places where human beings built their homes. Earlier human beings lived in forests and in caves, but with time and advancement in vegetation, humans made homes to create settlements.

(iii) Which are the activities practiced by the rural people?

Answer: Activities like agriculture, fishing, forestry, crafts work, trading, etc are practised by the rural people.

(iv) Mention any two merits of railways.

Answer: Two merits of railways are as follows:

  1. Heavy goods can be transported to longer distances within a shorter period of time
  2. It is a cheaper means of transport

(v) What do you understand by communication?

Answer: Communication is the process of conveying messages to others. Technology has helped us discover faster means of communication. Telephones, Mobile phones and the internet are a few means of communication that we use.

(vi) What is mass media?

Answer: Different means of communication have brought about an information revolution in the country. Various media like radio, television and newspapers are used to provide information to people. This mode of providing information is known as mass media.

2. Tick the correct answer.

(i) Which is NOT a means of communication?

(a) telephone

(b) books

(c) table

Answer: c

(ii) Which type of road is constructed under the ground?

(a) fly over

(b) expressways

(c) subways

Answer: c

(iii) Which mode of transport is most suitable to reach an island?

(a) ship

(b) train

(c) car

Answer: a

(iv) Which vehicle does not pollute the environment

(a) cycle

(b) bus

(c) aeroplane

Answer: a

3. Match the following.

(i) Internet (a) areas where people are engaged in manufacturing, trade and services
(ii) Canal route (b) closely built area of houses
(iii) Urban areas (c) houses on stilts
(iv) Compact settlement (d) inland waterway
(e) a means of communication

Solution:

(i) Internet (e) a means of communication
(ii) Canal route (d) inland waterway
(iii) Urban areas (a) areas where people are engaged in manufacturing, trade and services
(iv) Compact settlement (b) closely built area of houses

4. Give reasons.

(i) Today’s world is shrinking.

Answer: Today’s world is shrinking because of the better means of transportation and communication. People can communicate with anyone across the world while they are sitting at their home and can cover the longest distances within the shortest period of time. This has enabled people to easily get in contact with each other and has made the world well-connected.

Human Environment- Settlement, Transport and Communication Summary

Chapter 7 – Human Environment – Settlement, Transport and Communication from the NCERT geography book for class 7 comprise:

  1. What is a settlement and What are the types of settlement
  2. Modes of Transportation- Roadways, Railways, Waterways and Airways
  3. What is Communication

Students can get detailed NCERT solutions for class 7 Social Science in the linked article.

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