NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography Social Science Chapter 2 Inside Our Earth

NCERT Book Solutions Class 7 Geography Chapter 2 – Free PDF Download

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography Chapter 2 is provided here in free PDF form. Our Earth is a dynamic planet. It constantly undergoes changes inside and outside. The interior of the Earth consists of crust, mantle and core. The earth’s crust is made up of various types of rocks. There are three major types of rocks: igneous rocks, sedimentary rocks and metamorphic rocks. Minerals are naturally occurring substances which have certain physical properties and definite chemical composition. For students, NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography is undoubtedly one of the best learning and reference tools to safely rely on for all the answers to the textbook questions.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 PDF can be quickly accessed by students to start adequate preparation for their upcoming exams. Students can now solve any questions from the NCERT textbooks by referring to these NCERT Solutions. These solutions are used by students to get a proper grasp of all the concepts of the subjects and also to lay the foundation for their career or further higher studies.

Students can also get the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 for other subjects at the linked article.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social science Chapter 2 – Inside Our Earth – Download PDF

NCERT Solutions Class 7 Social Studies Geography Chapter 2 Inside Our Earth 1
NCERT Solutions Class 7 Social Studies Geography Chapter 2 Inside Our Earth 2
NCERT Solutions Class 7 Social Studies Geography Chapter 2 Inside Our Earth 3

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Studies (Geography) Chapter 2 – Inside Our Earth

Q 1. Answer the following questions.

(i) What are the three layers of the earth?

Answer: the three layers of earth are :

  1. Crust
  2. Mantle
  3. Core

(ii) What is a rock?

Answer: Any natural mass of mineral matter that makes up the earth’s crust is called a rock. The earth’s crust is made up of various types of rocks of different texture, size and colour.

(iii) Name three types of rocks.

Answer: the three types of rocks are:

  1. Igneous Rocks
  2. Sedimentary Rocks
  3. Metamorphic Rocks

(iv) How are extrusive and intrusive rocks formed?

Answer: The molten lava comes out of volcanoes, reaches the earth’s surface and cools down rapidly to become a solid piece of rock. This is how extrusive rocks are formed. For example – basalt.

When the molten lava solidifies deep inside the earth’s crust, the rocks so formed are called intrusive rocks. For example – granite.

(v) What do you mean by a rock cycle?

Answer: The process of transformation of rocks from one type to another, due to changes in certain conditions in a cyclic manner, is called a rock cycle.

(vi) What are the uses of rocks?

Answer: Rocks are useful for various purposes:

  1. It helps in making roads
  2. It is used in the construction of houses and buildings
  3. Small stones are used by children in different types of games
  4. They are used in fertilisers

(vii) What are metamorphic rocks?

Answer: The type of rocks formed when igneous and sedimentary rocks experience heat and pressure are called metamorphic rocks.

Q 2. Tick the correct answer.

(i) The rock which is made up of molten magma is

(a) Igneous

(b) Sedimentary

(c) Metamorphic

Answer: a

(ii) The innermost layer of the earth is

(a) Crust

(b) Core

(c) Mantle

Answer: b

(iii) Gold, petroleum and coal are examples of

(a) Rocks

(b) Minerals

(c) Fossils

Answer: b

(iv) Rocks which contain fossils are

(a) Sedimentary rocks

(b) Metamorphic rocks

(c) Igneous rocks

Answer: a

(v) The thinnest layer of the earth is

(a) Crust

(b) Mantle

(c) Core

Answer: a

Q 3. Match the following.

(i) Core (a) Earth’s surface
(ii) Minerals (b) Used for roads and buildings
(iii) Rocks (c) Made of silicon and alumina
(iv) Clay (d) Has definite chemical composition
(v) Sial (e) Innermost layer
(f) Changes into slate
(g) Process of transformation of the rock Rocks

Answer:

(i) Core (e) Innermost layer
(ii) Minerals (d) Has definite chemical composition
(iii) Rocks (b) Used for roads and buildings
(iv) Clay (f) Changes into slate
(v) Sial (c) Made of silicon and alumina

Q 4. Give reasons.

(i) We cannot go to the centre of the earth.

Answer: We cannot go to the centre of the earth because the temperature and pressure at the centre of the earth are very high and not just human beings, but even rocks melt at the centre of the Earth.

(ii) Sedimentary rocks are formed from sediments.

Answer: The small fragments of rock that hit each other and break to reach the ground are called sediments. These sediments are transported and deposited by wind, water, etc. and then are compressed and hardened to form a layer of rocks called the sedimentary rocks. This shows that sedimentary rocks are formed from sediments.

(iii) Limestone is changed into marble

Answer: Igneous and sedimentary rocks change into metamorphic rocks under heat and pressure. This happens in the case of limestone. Limestone under heat and pressure changes into marble, which is a metamorphic rock.

Inside Our Earth Summary

Chapter 2 – Inside Our Earth from the NCERT geography book discusses:

    1. Interior of the Earth

a. Crust

b. Mantle

c. Core

    1. Rock and Minerals

a. Sedimentary Rocks

b. Metamorphic Rocks

c. Igneous Rocks

The NCERT Geography book for Class 7 is Our Environment and students can get solutions for all the chapters at BYJU’S. For NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Sciences, visit the linked article. To get more details about other topics you can download BYJU’S The Learning App for free. We also provide sample papers, CBSE notes, previous year question papers and model question paper for practice.

Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography Chapter 2

What are the main topics that students will learn in Chapter 2 of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography?

The main topics that students will learn in Chapter 2 of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography are:
1. Interior of the Earth
a. Crust
b. Mantle
c. Core
2. Rock and Minerals
a. Sedimentary Rocks
b. Metamorphic Rocks
c. Igneous Rocks

How can I download the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography Chapter 2 PDF online?

You can download the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography Chapter 2 PDF from the links provided at BYJU’S website. Students only need to register themselves with BYJU’S to download the solutions PDF for free. All the solutions are created by expert tutors having vast experience in their respective subject following the latest CBSE guidelines. Students wishing to obtain a better idea of answering the textbook questions can refer to the solutions PDF. Further, all the solutions are written in a simple and understandable language to help students learn with ease and perform well in their Class 7 exams.

Why should students opt the BYJU’S NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography Chapter 2 for reference?

Students should opt the BYJU’S NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography Chapter 2 as it’s handy and easy to comprehend. Moreover, the solutions can be viewed online and downloaded in PDF for offline use by the students at no cost and without any time constraints. All the solutions are curated by subject experts at BYJU’S using simple language for the ease of learning. Neat explanations in paragraphs and using bulletins in the solutions help students learn answer presentation skills vital for exams.

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