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Advanced Technology Vehicle

Advanced Technology Vehicle is an experimental mission carried out by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in the year 2016. This experimental mission was a step towards accomplishing the development of the Air Breathing Propulsion System. The test was carried out from Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SHAR), Sriharikota, Nellore District of Andhra Pradesh.

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Advanced Technology Vehicle – Critical Technologies

The list of critical technologies successfully tested in the mission are given below

  1. Holding the flame while the vehicle is moving at supersonic speed.
  2. Mechanism of air intake technology
  3. Ignition of engines that have air-breathing technology
  4. Fuel injection systems.

How Many Countries have Successfully Demonstrated Air Breathing Scramjet Engine Technology?

India is the 4th country to have successfully developed Air Breathing Scramjet Engine Technology with the ATV mission. Scramjet engine designed by ISRO uses the following

  1. Fuel – Hydrogen
  2. Oxidizer – Atmospheric Air

The Scramjet engine developed by ISRO gives a hypersonic speed of Mach 6.

What is an Advanced Technology Vessel (ATV)?

Advanced Technology Vessel is completely different from Advance Technology Vehicle. Advanced Technology Vessel is a Nuclear Powered Attack Submarine project of Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO), Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Indian Navy, and other Public Sector Undertakings (PSU) and Private Industries. This project developed India’s Arihant  Class Nuclear Attack Submarines. It took 25 years to complete the project.

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Frequently Asked Questions on Advanced Technology Vehicle


Q 1. What is an air-breathing scramjet engine?

Ans. An air-breathing scramjet engine uses a vehicle’s forward motion to compress incoming air for combustion without a rotating compressor. Fuel is injected into the combustion chamber, where the air mixes with the fuel to ignite supersonic combustion.

Q 2. What is Advanced Technology Vehicle?

Ans. The Advanced Technology Vehicle is a modified Indian sounding rocket developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It is based on the Rohini-560 rocket.

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