Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)

The Indian Space Research Organisation or the ISRO is India’s national space agency with its headquarters in Bangalore. It is the Indian government’s space agency. Its vision is to “harness space technology for national development, while pursuing space science research and planetary exploration.” The INCOSPAR created in 1962 was replaced by the ISRO in 1969. The INCOSPAR was established by the determination of Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India along with eminent scientist and innovator Dr Vikram Sarabhai. ISRO’s founding institutionalised space research activities in the country. ISRO is operated by the Department of Space which comes directly under the Prime Minister. The present chairman of ISRO is Kailasavadivoo Sivan. India’s first satellite, Aryabhatta was launched in 1975. ISRO has many agencies, institutes and research facilities under it. It has a commercial arm to promote its products and activities called the Antrix Corporation. ISRO has launched successful missions to the lunar and mars orbits. Future plans include among others, a solar spacecraft mission.