Indian Satellites

ISRO launched EOS-01 (Earth Observation Satellite) using PSLV-C49 in November 2020. This article provides the complete list of satellites launched by India till 2020. This is an important topic for UPSC and other government exams.

What is a Satellite?

The satellite is an artificial object which has been deliberately put into space for different purposes like remote sensing, weather forecasting, image mapping, education, and research.

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List of Indian Satellites – (1975 – 2021)

India has been successfully launching satellites of various types since 1975.  The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is considered as the Sole Space agency of India and was formed in 1969. The Headquarters of ISRO is in Bangalore.  A. S. Kiran Kumar is the present Chairman of ISRO.

The table below gives us a list of various satellites of India that were launched between 1975-2021. As of 3rd February 2021, no satellite has been launched in 2021 (Jan/Feb). Any new satellite launched by ISRO will be updated in the table below:

Launch year Satellite Importance
1975 Aryabhata First Indian Satellite. It gave valuable technological know-how about satellites.
1979 Bhaskara-I First experimental remote sensing satellite that carried TV and microwave cameras.
1979 Rohini Technology Payload The first Indian launch vehicle.
1980 Rohini RS-1 India’s first indigenous satellite launch.
1981 Rohini RS-D1 Launched by the first developmental launch of SLV-3 and carried a solid-state camera.
1981 Ariane Passenger Payload Experiment First experimental communication satellite.
1981 Bhaskara-II Second experimental remote sensing satellite.
1982 INSAT-1A First operational multipurpose communication and meteorology satellite.
1983 Rohini RS-D2 Carried a smart sensor camera.
1983 INSAT-1B Very successful. Revolutionized TV, radio, and telecommunications.
1987 SROSS-1 Less Accomplishment.
1988 IRS-1A Earth observation satellite.
1988 SROSS-2 Less Accomplishment.
1988 INSAT-1C Less Accomplishment.
1990 INSAT-1D Still operational.
1991 IRS-1B Earth observation satellite.
1992 SROSS-C Carried gamma-ray astronomy and aeronomy payload.
1992 INSAT-2DT It was launched as Arabsat 1C.
1992 INSAT-2A First satellite in the second-generation Indian-built INSAT-2 series.
1993 INSAT-2B Second satellite in INSAT 2 series.
1993 IRS-1E Earth observation satellite.
1994 SROSS-C2 Less Accomplishment.
1994 IRS-P2 Earth observation satellite. Launched by second developmental flight of PSLV.
1995 INSAT-2C Still in operation. Has television outreach beyond Indian boundaries.
1995 IRS-1C Earth observation satellite.
1994 IRS-P2 Earth observation satellite.
1996 IRS-P3 Earth observation satellite.
1997 INSAT-2D Inoperable since 1997-10-04 due to power bus anomaly.
1997 IRS-1D Earth observation satellite.
1999 INSAT-2E Multipurpose communication and meteorological satellite.
1999 IRS-P4 OCEANSAT Earth observation satellite carrying a Multifrequency Scanning Microwave Radiometer (MSMR)and an Ocean Colour Monitor (OCM).
2000 INSAT-3B Multipurpose communication satellite.
2001 GSAT-1 Experimental satellite for the first developmental flight of GSLV-D1.
2001 Technology Experiment Satellite (TES) Experimental satellite to test new reaction control system, high-torque reaction wheels, and attitude and orbit control system.
2001 INSAT-3C Designed to provide continuity of the services of INSAT-2C and augment the existing INSAT capacity for communication and broadcasting.
2002 Kalpana-1 (METSAT) First meteorological satellite built by Indian Space Research Organisation.
2003 INSAT-3A Multipurpose satellite for communication, broadcasting, and meteorological services along with and Kalpana-1 and INSAT-2E.
2003 GSAT-2 Experimental satellite for the 2nd developmental test flight of GSLV.
2003 INSAT-3E Communication satellite to augment the existing INSAT System
2003 RESOURCESAT-1 (IRS-P6) Most advanced Remote Sensing Satellite
2004 EDUSAT (GSAT-3) India’s first satellite exclusively for education
2005 HAMSAT Microsatellite for radio services to national and international community
2005 CARTOSAT-1 Earth observation satellite
2005 INSAT-4A Direct-to-home(DTH) TV broadcasting
2006 INSAT-4C Geosynchronous communications satellite
2007 CARTOSAT-2 Remote sensing satellite-carrying panchromatic camera
2007 SRE-1 (Space Capsule Recovery Experiment) Test satellites to show an orbiting platform for performing tests in microgravity conditions
2007 INSAT-4B Similar to INSAT-4A
2007 INSAT-4CR Identical to INSAT-4C
2008 CARTOSAT-2A Similar to CARTOSAT-2
2008 IMS-1 Low-cost micro-satellite
2008 Chandrayaan-1 India’s first lunar probe
2009 RISAT-2 Radar imaging satellite
2009 ANUSAT Research Microsatellite developed by Anna University
2009 Oceansat-2 Collects oceanographic, coastal and atmospheric data
2010 GSAT-4 Communications satellite technology which failed during the mission
2010 CARTOSAT-2B Earth observation/remote sensing satellite.
2010 GSAT-5P /INSAT-4D Mission failed
2011 RESOURCESAT-2 Remote-sensing satellite
2011 INSAT-4G C-band communication satellite
2011 Youthsat Indo-Russian stellar and atmospheric satellite
2011 GSAT-12 communication satellite
2011 Megha-Tropiques Indo-French collaborative effort to research on water cycle in the atmosphere
2012 RISAT-1 First indigenous all-weather Radar Imaging Satellite
2012 GSAT-10 advanced communication satellite
2013 SARAL Mission for oceanographic studies
2013 IRNSS-1A Seven spacecraft constituting the IRNSS space segment
2013 INSAT-3 Meteorological Satellite
2013 GSAT-7 Advanced multi-band communication satellite dedicated for military purpose
2013 Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) India’s first Mars orbiter
2014 GSAT-14 Geostationary communication satellite
2014 IRNSS-1B Second satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System
2014 IRNSS- 1C Third satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System
2014 GSAT-16 communication satellite
2014 IRNSS-1D Fourth satellites in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System
2014 GSAT-6 Communication satellite
2015 Astrosat India’s first dedicated multi-wavelength space Observatory
2015 GSAT-15 Communications satellite, carries GPS Aided GEO Augmented Navigation (GAGAN) payload
2016 IRNSS-1E Fifth satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System
2016 IRNSS-1F Sixth satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System
2016 IRNSS-1G Seventh and final satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System
2016 CARTOSAT-2C Earth observation remote sensing satellite
2016 INSAT-3DR An advanced meteorological satellite of India configured with an imaging System and an Atmospheric Sounder.
2016 SCATSAT-1 Miniature satellite to give climate anticipating, tornado expectation, and tracking services to India.
2017 CARTOSAT-2D The highest number of satellites (104 satellites) launched by a single launch vehicle.
2018 CARTOSAT- 2F CartoSat-2F is the 6th satellite in the Cartosat series to be built by ISRO.
2018 MICROSAT- TD This satellite is a technology demonstrator and the forerunner of future satellites.
2018 INS -1C This is the third satellite in the Indian Nanosatellite series, which carried a Miniature Multispectral Technology Demonstration (MMX-TD) Payload.
2018 GSAT- 6A This satellite is a high power S-band communication satellite configured around I-2K bus.
2018 IRNSS -1I This satellite is the 6th in the series and facilitates GPS navigation.
2018 GSAT-29 This satellite facilitates high-throughput communication.
2018 HySYS It facilitates Hyperspectral imaging services for agriculture, forestry, and military applications.
2018 ExseedSat-1 1st privately funded satellite of India.
2018 GSAT-11 Heaviest spacecraft of India.
2018 GSAT-7A Facilitates services for Indian Army and Air Force.
2019 Microsat-R This satellite facilitates Earth imaging for defense purposes.
2019 KalamSAT-V2 It is the world’s lightest satellite.
2019 GSAT-31 This is a high-throughput Telecommunication Satellite.
2019 EMISAT This facilitates Electromagnetic intelligence to track any enemy radars for the IAF.
2019 Chandrayaan-2 India’s second lunar exploration mission.
2019 Cartosat-3 Cartosat-3 is one of the optical satellites with the highest resolutions in the world.
2020 GSAT-30 GSAT-30 is the 41st communication satellite launched by ISRO to replace INSAT-4A. It provides advanced telecommunication services to the entire Indian subcontinent.
2020 EOS-01 It is an earth observation satellite.

List of Indian Satellites:- Download PDF Here

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Government Exam 2023

Indian Satellite – Sample Questions For General Awareness

Q1. What is the name of India’s first Satellite and when was it launched?

Ans. The first Indian Satellite is Aryabhatta. It was launched on April 19th, 1975.

Q2. What was the purpose of launching the SCATSAT-1 satellite on September 1st, 2016?

Ans. The purpose of SCATSAT-1 Satellite was to provide cyclone prediction, weather forecasting and tracking services to India.

Q3. Which satellite is dedicated as India’s first multi-wavelength space observatory?

Ans. Astrosat launched on September 28th, 2015 is India’s first dedicated multi-wavelength space observatory.

Q4. When was ISRO established and where is its headquarter?

Ans. ISRO is the space agency of Government of India that was established on August 15th, 1969. ISRO is headquartered in Bengaluru.

Q5. When was IRNSS-1B launched?

Ans. IRNSS-1B stands for Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System. It was launched on April 4th, 2014.

Q6. Name the place from where Chandrayan-1 was launched.

Ans. Chandrayaan-1 was launched from Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Thiruvananthapuram.

Q7. Which satellite has ISRO launched recently to replace the INSAT-4A launched in 2005?

Ans. ISRO has launched telecommunication satellite GSAT-30 to replace INSAT-4A.

Q8. What is the name of another satellite launched with GSAT-30?

Ans. replace INSAT-4AA European communication satellite named EUTELSAT KONNECT was also launched with GSAT-30

Q9. Name the place from where the GSAT-30 was launched.

Ans. GSAT-30 was launched from Kourou launch base (foreign launcher) in French Guiana as it is much heavier than the lifting capacity of its geostationary launch vehicle GSLV-MkII. The launch vehicle is named Ariane 5 VA-251.

Q10. When did ISRO launch GSAT-30?

Ans. The Indian Space Research Organisation launched GSAT-30 on January 16th, 2020.

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