Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) - A Complete Overview of Mangalyaan Mission

Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) also known as Mangalyaan Mission is the cynosure of many of the technological breakthroughs achieved by ISRO in the Space domain. This article comprehensively covers information on the objectives of the mission, launch vehicle, scientific payloads, achievements, awards, and tracking locations.

Aspirants would find this article very helpful while preparing for the IAS Exam.

Mars Orbiter Mission – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here

Mars Orbiter Mission – Objective of the Mangalyaan Mission  

The 4 Primary Objectives of the Mars Orbiter Mission are listed below.

  1. Study of Martian atmosphere 
  2. Study of Martian Surface Features 
  3. Morphology 
  4. Mineralogy.

Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) – Launch Vehicle & Launch Pad

  1. Mars Orbiter Mission was launched with the help of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) C-25. 
  2. PSLV C-25 is an XL version of the PSLV launch vehicle.
  3. This mission was launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota, located in Nellore District of Andhra Pradesh.
  4. This mission was launched by ISRO on November 5, 2013. 

Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) / Mangalyaan – 1 Mission :- Scientific Payloads

The MOM mission is primarily a technological mission to study various aspects of Mars. Hence the Mangalyaan mission carried 5 different scientific payloads which are listed below

  1. Mars Color Camera (MCC)
  2. Methane Sensor for Mars (MSM)
  3. Lyman Alpha Photometer (LAP)
  4. Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (TIS)
  5. Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyser (MENCA)

Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) – Tracking of Mangalyaan Mission

Mangalyaan Mission is tracked by devices located in different countries which are listed below.

  1. ISRO Telemetry Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC), Bengaluru.
  2. DSN Network of NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
  3. Biak, Indonesia
  4. Brunei
  5. Mauritius, an island nation located in the Indian Ocean
  6. Hartebeestoek Station of South African National Space Agency (SANSA)
  7. National Institute of Space Research (INSTE), Brazil – Alcantara and Cuiaba TTE stations

Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) – Achievements 

  1. India is the 1st country in the world to achieve Mars Orbit Insertion in the very 1st attempt. The cost of this mission was $ 74 million, it cost less than a famous Hollywood movie named Gravity.
  2. MOM is the cheapest Interplanetary Space Mission in the World.
  3. It is the 1st Interplanetary Space Mission of India.
  4. It is the 1st Indian spacecraft to survive the Van Allen Belt, by crossing it 39 times.

Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) – Awards

MOM mission won some of the famous awards which are listed below.

  1. Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament, and Development – For its contribution to strengthening the international cooperation for the peaceful use of outer space.
  2. Space Pioneer Award in 2015, awarded by National Space Society (US Based).

Space Agencies that Achieved Successful Missions to Mars

Before ISRO only 3 other different Space agencies were able to successfully carry out space missions to Mars, but the most important point to note is that none of them achieved success in the 1st attempt to visit Mars. ISRO is the only agency to have achieved success in the very 1st attempt to visit Mars. The list of different space agencies are listed below

  1. ROSCOSMOS  – Russian Space Agency
  2. NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)
  3. European Space Agency (ESA)


Consider the Following Statements:

  1. Mars Orbiter Mission is also called the Mangalyaan.
  2. India is the first Asian nation to reach Mars orbit.

Which of the following statements are correct:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. None of the above

Answer: c


Mars Orbiter Mission – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here

The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2020.

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