Various Indian space missions and satellites of India are very important for the UPSC science and technology syllabus. In this article, you will read about the Mars Orbiter Mission or MOM, the Mars mission launched by the ISRO. This is also called Mangalyaan. This is very important from an IAS exam point of view.
The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), also called the Mangalyaan is an Indian space probe orbiting Mars. It is in orbit since 24 September 2014. MOM was launched on November 5th, 2013 by ISRO and is the country’s maiden interplanetary mission. ISRO has become the 4th space agency to reach Mars. Only NASA, the Soviet space program, and the European Space Agency have done it before. This makes India the first country in the world to reach Mars in the first attempt. India is also the first country in Asia to achieve this feat.
The MOM was launched from the First Launch Pad at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, AP. The launch vehicle was a PSLV rocket C25. Currently, it is being monitored by ISRO from the Spacecraft Control Centre at Bangalore supported by the Indian Deep Space Network, Byalalu in Karnataka. The MOM carries five instruments to achieve its objective of acquiring more knowledge about Mars. The mission is considered a ‘technology demonstrator’.
Consider the following statements:
- Mars Orbiter Mission is also called the Mangalyaan.
- India is the first Asian nation to reach the Mars orbit.
Which of the following statements are correct:
- 1 only
- 2 only
- Both 1 and 2
- None of the above