Important Newspapers During Indian Freedom Struggle

The newspapers and journals published during the independence era are specific areas from where UPSC picks out the question. This is an area to focus on UPSC IAS Prelims. Here we have compiled a complete list of Newspapers during the freedom struggle and important journals with their founders.


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List of Newspapers during Indian Freedom Struggle

Year Name Newspaper/ Journal Founder
1780 Bengal Gazette English newspaper James Augustus Hicky
1819 Samvad Kaumudi Bengali weekly newspaper Ram Mohan Roy
1822 Mirat-ul-Akbar Persian language journal Raja Ram Mohan Roy
1853 Hindoo Patriot English weekly Madhusudan Ray
1854 Rast Goftar Gujarati Newspaper Dadabhai Naoroji
1858 Som Prakesh Weekly newspaper Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
1862 Indian Mirror Newspaper Devendra Nath Tagore
1868 Amrita Bazar Patrika Newspaper Sisir Kumar Ghosh and Motilal Ghosh
1871 Tahzib-ul-Akhlaq Journal Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
1878 Hindu Newspaper Vir Raghavacharya and G.S. Aiyar
1881 Kesari Marathi Newspaper B.G. Tilak
1888 Sudharak Newspaper Gopal Ganesh Agarkar
1896 Prabuddha Bharata English monthly journal P. Aiyasami, B. R. Rajam Iyer, G. G. Narasimhacharya, and B. V. Kamesvara Iyer at the behest of Swami Vivekananda
1899 Udbodhana Magazine Swami Vivekananda
1903 Indian Opinion Newspaper M. K Gandhi
1905 Bande Mataram English language newspaper Aurobindo Ghosh
1910 Bombay Chronicle English-language newspaper Firoze Shah Mehta
1911 Comrade Weekly English newspaper Maulana Mohammad Ali
1912 Al-Balagh Urdu weekly newspaper Abul Kalam Azad
1912 Al-Hilal Urdu weekly newspaper Abul Kalam Azad
1913 Pratap Hindi language newspaper Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi
1914 New India English-language daily newspaper Annie Besant
1919 Independent Newspaper Motilal Nehru
1919 Young India Weekly journal M. K Gandhi
1920 Mook Nayak Marathi weekly B.R. Ambedkar
1924 Hindustan Times English daily newspaper Sunder Singh Lyallpuri
1929 Nav Jeevan Weekly newspaper M. K Gandhi
1932 Harijan Weekly journal M. K Gandhi
1936 Free Hindustan Journal Tarak Nath Das
1936 Hindustan Dainik Hindi newspaper M.M. Malviya

Frequently Asked Questions on Newspapers During Indian Freedom Struggle


Q 1. How newspapers played an important role during the Indian Freedom Struggle?

Ans. Newspapers were used to spread awareness among the people of the country to unite against the Britishers to attain independence. Modern ideas of democracy, freedom, equality and patriotism were propagated through the medium of media.

Q 2. Who was the founder of the Bengal Gazette?

Ans. James Augustus Hicky was the founder of Bengal Gazette.
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