The first large-scale Asian–African or Afro–Asian Conference—also known as the Bandung Conference was a meeting of Asian and African states, most of which were newly independent, which took place on April 18–24, 1955 in Bandung, Indonesia. The twenty-nine countries that participated at the Bandung Conference represented nearly one-quarter of the Earth’s land surface and a total population of 1.5 billion people. The conference was organised by Burma, Indonesia, Pakistan, India and Ceylon (Sri Lanka) and was coordinated by Ruslan Abdulgani, secretary general of the Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Bogor conference had preceded the Bandung conference. The conference’s stated aims were to promote Afro-Asian economic and cultural cooperation and to oppose colonialism or neocolonialism by any nation. The conference was an important step toward the Non-Aligned Movement.