The first large-scale Asian–African or Afro–Asian Conference—also known as the Bandung Conference was a meeting of Asian and African states, most of which were newly independent, which took place on April 18–24, 1955 in Bandung, Indonesia. The twenty-nine countries that participated at the Bandung Conference represented nearly one-quarter of the Earth’s land surface and a total population of 1.5 billion people. The conference was organised by Burma, Indonesia, Pakistan, India and Ceylon (Sri Lanka) and was coordinated by Ruslan Abdulgani, secretary-general of the Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Bogor conference had preceded the Bandung conference. The conference’s stated aims were to promote Afro-Asian economic and cultural cooperation and to oppose colonialism or neocolonialism by any nation. The conference was an important step toward the Non-Aligned Movement.