Champaran district is a historic region which now forms the East Champaran district, and the West Champaran district in Bihar, India. In 1914 and 1916, the farmers in this region had revolted against the British against the conditions that they imposed for indigo cultivation. Mahatma Gandhiji was persuaded by Pandit Raj Kumar Shukla one such oppressed Indigo cultivator to visit the region. As a result of Gandhiji’s visit. The Champaran Sathyagraha began. An ashram was established by Gandhi established an ashram in Champaran. A detailed survey and study of the villages was organised where Gandhiji’s handpicked group of eminent lawyers like Babu Braj kishore Prasad , Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha and Dr.Rajendra Prasad accounted the general state of degenerate living, atrocities and terrible episodes of sufferings of the indigo farmers.