What is the Prevalence of Drug Abuse in India?

In order to find the prevalence of drug abuse in India, a study was conducted by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (MoSJE). As per the 2019 report, 14.6% of the population uses alcohol. It is higher among men than women. It was found that 2.8% of the population uses Cannabis. This article covers the causes and harmful effects of drug abuse.

Aspirants would find this topic very helpful in the IAS Exam.

States with Highest Prevalence of Cannabis are

  1. Uttar Pradesh
  2. Punjab
  3. Sikkim
  4. Chhattisgarh
  5. Delhi.

What are the Causes of Drug Abuse?

Some of the causes behind drug abuse are listed below.

  1. Family history of addiction
  2. Mental health disorder
  3. Peer pressure
  4. Lack of family involvement
  5. Early use
  6. Taking highly addictive drugs.

What are the Different Types of Substance Abuse?

The 8 different types of substance abuse are listed below.

  1. Alcohol
  2. Cannabis
  3. Opioids
  4. Sedatives
  5. Inhalants
  6. Cocaine
  7. Amphetamine Stimulants
  8. Hallucinogens 

What are the Harmful effects of Drug Abuse?

The harmful effects of drug abuse could be short term or long term. It could have direct or indirect impact. The effects also depend on the type of drugs used. Short term effects are listed below.

  1. Change in heart rate
  2. Change in blood pressure
  3. Heart attack
  4. Stroke
  5. Psychosis
  6. Change in appetite

The long term effects are listed below.

  1. Heart disease
  2. Lung disease
  3. Cancer
  4. AIDS
  5. Hepatitis

The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2020.


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