UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institution (GANHRI)
Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institution (GANHRI) was formerly known as the International Coordinating Committee (ICC) of National Human Rights Institutions. It was established in the year 1993. GANHRI promotes the role of National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) worldwide, providing a forum for its members to interact and exchange, as well as facilitating their engagement with international organisations.
Functions of Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institution (GANHRI)
- It facilitates and supports the engagement of National Human Rights Institutions with the United Nations Rights Councils and Treaty and Treaty Bodies.
- It encourages cooperation and information sharing among National Human Rights Institutions.
- Helps in capacity building in collaboration with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCR).
- Undertakes accreditation of National Human Rights Institutions in accordance with Paris Principles and promotes the role of NHRIs within the United Nations Organisation, with States and the other international agencies.
Levels of Accreditations of GANHRIs
- “A” Voting members – They are the members that comply fully with Paris Principle and can participate as the voting member in international and regional work and meetings of national institutions.
- “B” Observer members: These members do not comply with the Paris Principles and have not submitted the required documents.
- “C” Non-members: They do not comply with Paris Principles and have no rights or privileges with International Coordinating Committee.
They were adopted in 1993 by United Nations General Assembly which provides the international benchmarks for accreditation of NHRIs by GANHRIs.
According to the Paris Principles NHRIs need to:
- Protect the human rights, including receiving, investigating and resolving complaints, mediating conflicts and monitoring activities.
- Promote human rights through education, outreach, training, capacity building etc.
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