UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Green Skill Development Programme UPSC
Government schemes and programmes are an important part of the UPSC syllabus. The following article talks about the Green Skill Development Programme for IAS exam, which is an important segment in the agricultural schemes of the government.
An initiative for skill development in the environment and forest sector has been taken up by the Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change (MoEF&CC) to enable India’s youth to get gainful employment and/or self-employment, utilising the vast network and expertise of ENVIS Hubs/RPs. It is called the Green Skill Development Programme (GSDP).
What are Green Skills?
Green skills are those skills needed to adapt processes, services and products to climate change and the environmental regulations and requirements related to it. They include the knowledge, abilities, values and attitudes needed to live in, develop and support a sustainable and resource-efficient society. These skills are required in areas such as such as Renewable energy, Wastewater treatment, Climate resilient cities, Green construction, Solid waste management etc.
Importance of Green Skill Development Programme:
- India would need around 10.4 crores of new workforces by the year 2022, in various sectors and hence skill development is essential to meet the demand.
- The trainees of this programme can also be exposed for the expertise on wildlife conservation, nurseries, horticulture etc. and can be absorbed with Department of Environment and Forests of the State Governments as well.
- The programme aims to train youth who have not been able to continue higher education due to different financial or social constraints but has an urge to learn new things and do something fruitful.
- The green skilled workforce having technical knowledge and commitment to sustainable development will help in the attainment of SDGs, INDCs and National Biodiversity Targets.
- Green skill is crucial for making a transition from energy and emission intensive economy to cleaner and greener production and service patterns.
Decision has been taken by the Government of India, to expand the Green Skill Development Programme (GSDP) to an all-India level. Post a pilot project in the year 2017, the ministry has now taken the following steps to expand the Green Skill Development Programme:
- Increasing the budget allocation for ENVIS in budget 2018-19 by 33%. Out of this, the training courses under Green Skill Development Programme will be funded.
- The targets for training have been increased. A total of 5 lakh 60 thousand people will be imparted training between 2018-19 and 2020-21.
- 35 courses including pollution monitoring (air/water/noise/soil), effluent treatment plant operation, forest management, water budgeting etc have been recognised by the government.
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