UPSC IAS Prelims Exam: Medieval Indian History Timeline

History is an important subject for UPSC IAS Examination. The subject is divided into three sections- Ancient history, medieval history and Modern history. From last year UPSC has started asking questions from Medieval India. Almost 4-6 questions have been asked from this area with respect to art and culture. Here we are discussing the Medieval India History Timeline for the IAS exam.

The time from the 8th to the 12th century is known as Medieval Period. This refers to the Postclassical Era in the Indian subcontinent. It is again divided into two periods- Early Medieval period and later medieval period.

The political life in India was chiefly dominated by the presence of a large number of states. The bigger states tried to establish their sovereignty in Northern India and the Deccan. The chief contenders in this skirmish for sovereignty were the Rashtrakutas, the Pratiharas, and the Palas.

 

712

First invasion of Sindh by Mohammed-bin-Qasim (Arabs)

836

Accession of King Bhoja of Kannauj

985

Accession of Rajaraja, the Chola ruler

998

Accession of Sultan Mahmud Ghazni

1001

First invasion of India by Mahmud Ghazni who defeated Jaipal, the ruler of Punjab

1025

Destruction of Somnath Temple by Mahmud Ghazni

1191

First battle of Tarain/ Taraori  between Prithviraj Chauhan and Sultan Mohammad Ghori

1192

Second battle of Tarain

1206

Succession of Qutubuddin Aibak

1210

Death of Qutubuddin Aibak

1221

Mongol invasion -Chengiz Khan invaded India

1236

Succession of Razia Sultana to the sovereignty of Delhi

1240

Death of Razia Sultana

1296

Accession of Alauddin Khilji

1316

Death of Alauddin Khilji

1325

Accession of Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq

1327

Capital was transferred from Delhi to Devagiri (Daulatabad)

by Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq

1336

Foundation of Vijaynagar empire in the South

1351

Accession of Firoz Shah Tughlaq

1398

Timur’s invasion of India

1469

Birth of Guru Nanak

1494

Accession of Babur in Farghana

1497

First expedition of Vasco da Gama to India

1526

First Battle of Panipat

Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodhi

Foundation of Mughal dynasty by Babur

1527

Battle of Khanwa-Babur defeated Rana Sanga

1530

Death of Babur

Accession of Humayun

1539

Battle of Chausa

Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun

Sher Shah Suri became  Emperor of India

1555

Humayun recaptured the throne of Delhi

1556

Second Battle of Panipat

1556

Battle of Talikota

1576

Battle of Haldighati

Rana Pratap was defeated by Akbar

1582

Din-i-Ilahi founded by Akbar

1600

English East India Company established

1605

Death of Akbar and accession of Jahangir

1606

Execution of Guru Arjun Dev

Guru Arjun Dev was the 5th Guru of Sikhs

1615

Sir Thomas Roe visits Jahangir

1627

Birth of Shivaji

Death of Jahangir

1628

Shahjahan becomes Emperor of India

1631

Death of Mumtaz

1634

The English permitted to trade in Bengal

1659

Accession of Aurangzeb, Shahjahan imprisoned

1665

Shivaji imprisoned by Aurangzeb

1666

Death of Shahjahan

1675

Execution of Guru Teg Bahadur

Guru Teg Bahadur was the 9th Guru of Sikhs

1680

Death of Shivaji

1707

Death of Aurangzeb

1708

Death of Guru Gobind Singh

Guru Gobind Singh was 10th Guru of Sikhs

1739

Nadir Shah invades India

1757

Battle of Plassey

Establishment of British political rule in India

1761

Third battle of Panipat

Also see:

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *