UPSC IAS Prelims Exam: Medieval Indian History Timeline

History is an important subject for UPSC IAS Examination. The subject is divided into three sections- Ancient history, medieval history and Modern history. From last year UPSC has started asking questions from Medieval India. Almost 4-6 questions have been asked from this area with respect to art and culture. Here we are discussing the Medieval India History Timeline for the IAS exam.

As per the UPSC 2023 calendar, the IAS Prelims and main exams are scheduled to take place on May 28, 2023 and September 15, 2023 respectively.

The time from the 8th to the 12th century is known as the Medieval Period. This refers to the Postclassical Era in the Indian subcontinent. It is again divided into two periods- Early Medieval period and later medieval period.

The political life in India was chiefly dominated by the presence of a large number of states. The bigger states tried to establish their sovereignty in Northern India and the Deccan. The chief contenders in this skirmish for sovereignty were the Rashtrakutas, the Pratiharas, and the Palas.

712 First invasion of Sindh by Mohammed-bin-Qasim (Arabs)
836 Accession of King Bhoja of Kannauj
985 Accession of Rajaraja, the Chola ruler
998 Accession of Sultan Mahmud Ghazni
1001 First invasion of India by Mahmud Ghazni who defeated Jaipal, the ruler of Punjab
1024 Destruction of Somnath Temple by Mahmud Ghazni
1191 First battle of Tarain/ Taraori  between Prithviraj Chauhan and Sultan Mohammad Ghori
1192 Second battle of Tarain
1206 Succession of Qutubuddin Aibak
1210 Death of Qutubuddin Aibak
1221 Mongol invasion -Chengiz Khan invaded India
1236 Succession of Razia Sultana to the sovereignty of Delhi
1240 Death of Razia Sultana
1296 Accession of Alauddin Khilji
1316 Death of Alauddin Khilji
1325 Accession of Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq
1327 Capital was transferred from Delhi to Devagiri (Daulatabad)

by Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq

1336 Foundation of Vijaynagar empire in the South
1351 Accession of Firoz Shah Tughlaq
1398 Timur’s invasion of India
1469 Birth of Guru Nanak
1494 Accession of Babur in Farghana
1497 First expedition of Vasco da Gama to India
1526 First Battle of Panipat

Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodhi

Foundation of Mughal dynasty by Babur

1527 Battle of Khanwa-Babur defeated Rana Sanga
1530 Death of Babur

Accession of Humayun

1539 Battle of Chausa

Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun

Sher Shah Suri became  Emperor of India

1555 Humayun recaptured the throne of Delhi
1556 Second Battle of Panipat
1556 Battle of Talikota
1576 Battle of Haldighati

Rana Pratap was defeated by Akbar

1582 Din-i-Ilahi founded by Akbar
1600 English East India Company established
1605 Death of Akbar and accession of Jahangir
1606 Execution of Guru Arjun Dev

Guru Arjun Dev was the 5th Guru of Sikhs

1615 Sir Thomas Roe visits Jahangir
1627 Birth of Shivaji

Death of Jahangir

1628 Shahjahan becomes Emperor of India
1631 Death of Mumtaz
1634 The English permitted to trade in Bengal
1659 Accession of Aurangzeb, Shahjahan imprisoned
1665 Shivaji imprisoned by Aurangzeb
1666 Death of Shahjahan
1675 Execution of Guru Teg Bahadur

Guru Teg Bahadur was the 9th Guru of Sikhs

1680 Death of Shivaji
1707 Death of Aurangzeb
1708 Death of Guru Gobind Singh

Guru Gobind Singh was 10th Guru of Sikhs

1739 Nadir Shah invades India
1757 Battle of Plassey

Establishment of British political rule in India

1761 Third battle of Panipat

Also see:

How to study history for UPSC
Medieval Indian History NCERT Notes
Modern Indian History NCERT Notes
Daily News


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