Agreements between India and other countries, especially in the military domain, are important for the UPSC civil services exam. In this article, you can read all about LEMOA, which is an agreement between India and the United States.
What is LEMOA?
LEMOA is an acronym for Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement. It is an agreement between India and the USA. It is a version of the Logistics Support Agreement (LSA) that the US signs with many countries with which it has close military ties.
There are three agreements that the US calls foundational agreements. They are:
- Logistics Support Agreement (LSA)
- Communications Interoperability and Security Memorandum of Agreement (CISMOA)
- Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement for Geo-spatial Cooperation (BECA)
These are signed by the US with other countries with which it has close ties in the military sphere. These agreements are signed to build basic ground work and promote interoperability between militaries by developing common systems and standards. They also serve as guides for sale and transfer of high-end technologies.
Benefits to India
LEMOA is a facilitating agreement that sets up basic terms, conditions, and procedures for reciprocal provision of Logistic Support, Supplies, and Services between the armed forces of India and USA.
- It gives access to designated military facilities on either side for the purpose of refuelling and replenishment.
- A mechanism will be instituted for book-keeping and payments and officials, who will act as nodal points of contact, will be designated on both sides.
- The agreement will cover four areas:
- Port calls
- Joint exercises
- Humanitarian assistance
- Disaster relief
- Other areas include food, water, billeting, transportation, petroleum, oils, lubricants, clothing, communication services, medical services, storage services, training services, spare parts and components, repair and maintenance services and calibration services
- It does not provide for the establishment of any bases or basing arrangements.
For a list of Indian Army exercises, click here.