National Policy on Education
The Government of India has framed the National Policy on Education (NPE) to promote education amongst the people of India. The NPE covers elementary and university education in urban as well as rural India. The very first policy for education was promulgated in 1968 with the second one following in 1986. The first NPE was based on the recommendations of the Education Commission (1964-66). This policy sought to have a ‘radical restructuring’ of India’s educational system and equalising opportunities for education for all, to accomplish national integration and better economic and cultural development. The NPE also called for realising compulsory education for every child until the age of fourteen, as mentioned in the Indian Constitution. It also aimed at providing enhanced training and improve teachers’ qualifications.