Topic of the Day – National Assessment and Accreditation Council

UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – National Assessment and Accreditation Council

  • It is an organisation that assesses and accredits higher education Institutions (HEIs) in India.
  • It is an autonomous body funded by University Grants Commission (UGC).
  • It is an outcome of the recommendations of the National Policy in Education (1986) which laid special emphasis on upholding the quality of higher education in India.
  • Headquartered in Bangalore.



  • Instead of the earlier process which was completely done on-site by a group of assessors, there will now be two stages of assessment, of which 70% will be done off-site at NAAC.
    • Institutions keen to be assessed should submit an Institutional Information for Quality Assessment (IIQA) and Self Study Report (SSR) to NAAC. The data submitted will then be validated.
    • This assessment will be based on various components, such as the number of faculties, number of research journals in the library, and number of international publications produced by the institute.
  • Punitive measures have been put in place for colleges submitting incorrect data.
  • After this assessment, 30% of the ranking is based on on-site grading by NAAC officials. This will make the process more objective as it reduces the human element, the official added.


Why is this Important?

  • This form of internationalization is among the more important indicators used in world university rankings.
  • Countries with abundant soft power in the form of world-class universities attract the best students from around the world and large numbers of them. This brings them enormous economic benefits and more.
    • International students contribute billions of dollars to these countries and because many of them stay behind to work and live there, they continue to contribute to the host country as skilled workers.
    • In 2015, international students contributed more than $30.5 billion to the US economy.
  • Students appreciate the training and skills they learn at universities since it improves their life chances.