Rajput painting is originated from the Indian state of Rajasthan in late 16th and early 17th century. The princely states of Rajasthan were ruled by Mughals. That is why most of the schools of Rajput Painting reflect resilient Mughal influence.
Every Rajput kingdoms possessed a characteristic style. Though, resemblances and common features can be seen in the paintings of various territories. The dominance of Chaurapanchasika group style in Indian Rajasthani Paintings is also visible there.
Here we are giving the details about Rajput Painting for UPSC IAS Prelims examination. Indian art and culture is an essential subject for UPSC IAS Prelims as well as Mains examination.
Theme of Rajput Painting
- The chief themes of Rajasthan Paintings of India include the life of Lord Krishna, Great epics of Ramayana and the Mahabharata, landscapes, and humans.
- The 18th and early 19th century saw Rajput paintings demonstrating events from the life of Krishna.
- The other popular themes of the 19th century were Ragamala and devotional subjects.
Base of Rajput Painting
- Rajput paintings were done on the walls of palaces, inner chambers of the forts, etc.
Color scheme of Rajput Painting
- Colors derived from minerals, plant sources, conch shells, precious stones, gold, and silver, etc. are used for paintings.
Also, Read | Art and Culture Preparation Strategy for Prelims
Schools of Rajput Painting
From 16th Century itself, numerous schools emerged for Rajput paintings. They include:
- Amber and Jaipur
The paintings of Jaipur and Amber display strong Mughal influence. Along with the bold configurations and use of concepts reflected regional characteristics.
- Bikaner School
Paintings of Bikaner were based on Mughal custom. It also reflects a noticeable influence of Deccan paintings.
- Bundi-Kota Kalam School
Heavy Mughal influences with themes based on the lives of aristocracies, lovers, and women.
- Kishangarh School
Kishangarh style of painting was essentially a synthesis of Mughal and local style. The theme of this style comprised of the representation of the affection between Krishna and Radha.
- Marwar School
The best example of the Rajasthani paintings of Marwar is that of Ragamala painted in Pali in 1623. The most common themes encompassed the paintings of nobles on horses and court scenes.
- Mewar School
Mewar school of Rajput paintings focused on its traditional style, trying to evade the supremacy of the Mughals.
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