Deccan School of Painting for UPSC Exam

Art and culture is an important segment for UPSC IAS Prelims as well as Main Examination. Art and culture is a part of Indian History. This subject talks about the art, literature, painting, architecture etc. Here we are discussing Deccan school of Painting.

The Deccan paintings primarily incorporate the inspirations of the southern tradition of the Vijayanagar School of painting and of the northern tradition of the pre-Mughal painting of Malwa.

The colors of the Deccani School paintings are rich and brilliant. It is different from the northern paintings. Unique features of the Deccani paintings of the 18th and 19th centuries are witnessed in the treatment of the ethnic types, landscape costumes, jewelry, flora, fauna, and colours.

 Ahmednagar School of Painting

  • This school was patronized by Hussain Nizam Shah I of Ahmednagar.
  • The significant illustrated manuscript is ‘Tarif-i-Hussain Shahi’.
  • Colors used for Ahmednagar school of Painting are brilliant and rich.
  • Female appearing in these painting belongs to the northern tradition of Malwa.
  • Choli, long pigtails braids with tassel in ending were seen in the northern costume.
  • These paintings exhibited Persian influence like the landscape, gold sky, and high horizon.

Bijapur School of Painting

  • The Bijapur school of Painting was patronized by Ali Adil Shah I and his successor Ibrahim II.
  • Notable work is Najum-al-ulum (Stars of Sciences).
  • The painting exhibits rich color scheme, animals, the palm trees, men, and women belongs to the Deccan tradition.
  • The panting use generous use of gold color

Golconda School of Painting

  • The patrons of the Golconda school of Paintings were the Qutb Shahi rulers.
  • The first notable work was done during the times of Muhammad Quli Qutab Shah.
  • These paintings show the dancing girls.
  • There is a deep impact on Iranian art on the Golconda miniature paintings.
  • Two more notable paintings in Golconda paintings are the ‘Lady with the Myna bird’ and the ‘Lady smoking Hooka’.

Hyderabad School of Painting

  • Hyderabad school of Painting belongs to the 3rd quarter of the 18th
  • It was developed in 1724 after the foundation of Asaf Jahi dynasty by Chin Qilij Khan and Nizam-ul-Mulk.
  • “Princes in the company of maids” is a famous painting belongs to the Hyderabad school of Painting.
  • These painting used the Deccan facial types, rich colors, and costumes.

 

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