Thermal Power Plants In India

Thermal power plants contribute the largest proportion of electricity into the national power grid of India. There are three kinds of thermal power plants in India with a total installed capacity of 221,802.59 MW. It is important to know about these for the UPSC syllabus on Geography as well as some parts of the Economy syllabus. In this article, we will discuss the various types of thermal power plants in India and their locations.

To know more about UPSC Geography, check out:

Geography Notes For UPSC

Thermal Power Plants In India (UPSC Notes):- Download PDF Here

Types of Thermal Power Plants

As the name suggests, thermal power plants generate electricity by using heat from a fuel source. The heat usually generates steam in a boiler which is then used to run a steam turbine connected to a generator. They are classified according to the heat source as follows:

  • Coal-Fired
  • Gas
  • Diesel or Liquid fuel
  • Geothermal
  • Biomass
  • Waste Material

India mainly uses three types of thermal power plants which are listed below along with their installed capacity as of January 2021:

  • Coal: 206404.50 MW
  • Gas: 24956.51 MW
  • Liquid Fuel(Diesel): 509.71 MW

The total capacity of thermal power plants as on January 31, 2021, all across India is  231870.72 MW.

The electricity generated by these plants adds up to 71% of the total power generation in the country.

List of Thermal Power Plants in India

The following table gives a list of major thermal plants in India, state-wise:

State Thermal Power Plant
Madhya Pradesh Amarkantak Thermal Power Plant
Satpura Thermal Power Plant
Sanjay Gandhi, Birsinghpur Thermal Power Plant
Shri Singaji Thermal Power Station Dongalia
Vindhyachal Thermal Power Station
Singrauli Super Thermal Power Station
Maharashtra Amravati Thermal Power plant
Chandrapur Thermal Power plant
Khaperkheda Thermal Power plant
Tiroda Thermal Power plant
Chandrapur Thermal Power plant
Solapur Super Thermal Power Station
Mauda Super Thermal Power Plant
Uttar Pradesh Anpara Thermal Power plant
Dadri Thermal Power plant
Feroz Gandhi Unchahar Thermal Power plant
National Capital Thermal Power plant
Obra Thermal Power plant
Rihand Super Thermal Power plant
Rosa Thermal Power plant
Bihar Barauni Thermal Power Station
Patratu Thermal Power Station
Khalgaon Super Thermal Power Project
Karnataka Raichur Thermal Power station
Bellary Thermal Power station
Yermarus Thermal Power Station
Udupi Thermal Power plant
Chhattisgarh Sipat Thermal Power Plant
Lara Super Thermal Power Plant
Korba Thermal Power Plant
Bhilai Thermal Power Plant
Jharkhand Bokaro Thermal Power plant
Patratu Thermal Power plant
Rajasthan Chhabra Thermal Power plant
Kalisindh Thermal Power plant
Kota Thermal Power plant
Suratgarh Super Thermal Power Plant
Barsingsar Thermal Power Station
Anta Thermal Power Station
Ramgarh Gas Thermal Power Station
West Bengal Durgapur Thermal Power plant
Farakka Thermal Power plant
Mejia Thermal Power Station
Kolaghat Thermal Power Station
Bakreshwar Thermal Power Station
Durgapur Steel Thermal Power Station
Budge Budge Thermal Power Plant
Sagardighi Thermal Power Station
Tamil Nadu Ennore Thermal Power plant
Mettur Thermal Power plant
Neyveli Thermal Power Station
Tuticorin Thermal Power Station
IND Barath Thermal Power Plant
Gujarat Gandhinagar Thermal Power plant
Mudra Thermal Power plant
Sikka Thermal Power plant
Ukai Thermal Power plant
Wanakbori Thermal Power plant
Akrimota Thermal Power Station
Kutch Lignite Thermal Power Station
Sabarmati Thermal Power Station
Odisha Hirakud Captive Thermal Power plant
Jharsuguda Thermal Power plant
Talcher Thermal Power plant
Andhra Pradesh Ramagundam Thermal Power plant
Simhadri Thermal Power plant
Assam Namrup Thermal Power Plant

The major factors taken into consideration while locating a thermal power plant are:

  • Terrain
  • Availability of Fuel and Water
  • Proximity to population centres.
  • Accessibility

UPSC aspirants should study these factors in detail as a part of the human and economic geography of the country. They are especially important for the Prelims exam. Questions about power generation and distribution in India can be found in UPSC previous years papers.

Thermal Power Plants In India (UPSC Notes):- Download PDF Here

To read more about IAS preparation, visit:

Related Links:
Hydroelectric Power Plants in India List of Dams and Reservoirs in India
IAS Geography Syllabus Important books for Geography optional
Geography for UPSC Prelims Tips for Geography Optional

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