Thermal Power Plants In India

Thermal power plants contribute the largest proportion of electricity into the national power grid of India. There are three kinds of thermal power plants in India with a total installed capacity of 221,802.59 MW. It is important to know about these for the UPSC syllabus on Geography as well as some parts of the Economy syllabus. In this article, we will discuss the various types of thermal power plants in India and their locations.

To know more about UPSC Geography, check out:

Types of Thermal Power Plants

As the name suggests, thermal power plants generate electricity by using heat from a fuel source. The heat usually generates steam in a boiler which is then used to run a steam turbine connected to a generator. They are classified according to the heat source as follows:

  • Coal Fired
  • Gas
  • Diesel or Liquid fuel
  • Geothermal
  • Biomass
  • Waste Material

India mainly uses three types of thermal power plants which are listed below along with their installed capacity as of April 2019:

  • Coal: 196,097.50 MW
  • Gas: 24,867.46 MW
  • Liquid Fuel(Diesel): 837.63 MW

The electricity generated by these plants adds up to 71% of the total power generation in the country.

List of Thermal Power Plants in India

The following table gives a list of major thermal plants in India:

State

Name of Thermal power plant

Madhya Pradesh

Amarkantak Thermal Power plant

Maharashtra

Amravati Thermal Power plant

Uttar Pradesh

Anpara Thermal Power plant

Bihar

Barauni Thermal Power plant

Karnataka

Bellary Thermal Power plant

Chhattisgarh

Bhilai Thermal Power plant

Jharkhand

Bokaro Thermal Power plant

Maharashtra

Chandrapur Thermal Power plant

Rajasthan

Chhabra Thermal Power plant

Uttar Pradesh

Dadri Thermal Power plant

West Bengal

Durgapur Thermal Power plant

Tamil Nadu

Ennore Thermal Power plant

West Bengal

Farakka Thermal Power plant

Uttar Pradesh

Feroz Gandhi Unchahar Thermal Power plant

Gujarat

Gandhinagar Thermal Power plant

Odisha

Hirakud Captive Thermal Power plant

Odisha

Jharsuguda Thermal Power plant

Jhalawar, Rajasthan

Kalisindh Thermal Power plant

Maharashtra

Khaperkheda Thermal Power plant

Chhattisgarh

Korba Thermal Power plant

Kota, Rajasthan

Kota Thermal Power plant

Tamil Nadu

Mettur Thermal Power plant

Gujarat

Mudra Thermal Power plant

Uttar Pradesh

National Capital Thermal Power plant

Uttar Pradesh

Obra Thermal Power plant

Jharkhand

Patratu Thermal Power plant

Andhra Pradesh

Ramagundam Thermal Power plant

Uttar Pradesh

Rihand Thermal Power plant

Uttar Pradesh

Rosa Thermal Power plant

Madhya Pradesh

Sanjay Gandhi Thermal Power plant

Madhya Pradesh

Sant Singaji Thermal Power plant

Madhya Pradesh

Satpura Thermal Power plant

Gujarat

Sikka Thermal Power plant

Andhra Pradesh

Simhadri Thermal Power plant

Madhya Pradesh

Singrauli Thermal Power plant

Chhattisgarh

Sipat Thermal Power plant

Odisha

Talcher Thermal Power plant

Maharashtra

Tiroda Thermal Power plant

Karnataka

Udupi Thermal Power plant

Gujarat

Ukai Thermal Power plant

Madhya Pradesh

Vindhyachal Thermal Power plant

Gujarat

Wanakbori Thermal Power plant

Assam

Namrup Thermal Power Plant

The major factors taken into consideration while locating a thermal power plant are:

  • Terrain
  • Availability of Fuel and Water
  • Proximity to population centres.
  • Accessibility

UPSC aspirants should study these factors in detail as a part of the human and economic geography of the country. They are especially important for the Prelims exam. Questions about power generation and distribution in India can be found in UPSC previous years papers.

To read more about IAS preparation, visit:

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *