Thermal Power Plants In India

Thermal power plants contribute the largest proportion of electricity into the national power grid of India. There are three kinds of thermal power plants in India with a total installed capacity of 221,802.59 MW. It is important to know about these for the UPSC syllabus on Geography as well as some parts of the Economy syllabus. In this article, we will discuss the various types of thermal power plants in India and their locations.

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Thermal Power Plants In India (UPSC Notes):- Download PDF Here

Types of Thermal Power Plants

As the name suggests, thermal power plants generate electricity by using heat from a fuel source. The heat usually generates steam in a boiler which is then used to run a steam turbine connected to a generator. They are classified according to the heat source as follows:

  • Coal Fired
  • Gas
  • Diesel or Liquid fuel
  • Geothermal
  • Biomass
  • Waste Material

India mainly uses three types of thermal power plants which are listed below along with their installed capacity as of April 2019:

  • Coal: 196,097.50 MW
  • Gas: 24,867.46 MW
  • Liquid Fuel(Diesel): 837.63 MW

The electricity generated by these plants adds up to 71% of the total power generation in the country.

List of Thermal Power Plants in India

The following table gives a list of major thermal plants in India:

State Name of Thermal power plant
Madhya Pradesh Amarkantak Thermal Power plant
Maharashtra Amravati Thermal Power plant
Uttar Pradesh Anpara Thermal Power plant
Bihar Barauni Thermal Power plant
Karnataka Bellary Thermal Power plant
Chhattisgarh Bhilai Thermal Power plant
Jharkhand Bokaro Thermal Power plant
Maharashtra Chandrapur Thermal Power plant
Rajasthan Chhabra Thermal Power plant
Uttar Pradesh Dadri Thermal Power plant
West Bengal Durgapur Thermal Power plant
Tamil Nadu Ennore Thermal Power plant
West Bengal Farakka Thermal Power plant
Uttar Pradesh Feroz Gandhi Unchahar Thermal Power plant
Gujarat Gandhinagar Thermal Power plant
Odisha Hirakud Captive Thermal Power plant
Odisha Jharsuguda Thermal Power plant
Jhalawar, Rajasthan Kalisindh Thermal Power plant
Maharashtra Khaperkheda Thermal Power plant
Chhattisgarh Korba Thermal Power plant
Kota, Rajasthan Kota Thermal Power plant
Tamil Nadu Mettur Thermal Power plant
Gujarat Mudra Thermal Power plant
Uttar Pradesh National Capital Thermal Power plant
Uttar Pradesh Obra Thermal Power plant
Jharkhand Patratu Thermal Power plant
Andhra Pradesh Ramagundam Thermal Power plant
Uttar Pradesh Rihand Thermal Power plant
Uttar Pradesh Rosa Thermal Power plant
Madhya Pradesh Sanjay Gandhi Thermal Power plant
Madhya Pradesh Sant Singaji Thermal Power plant
Madhya Pradesh Satpura Thermal Power plant
Gujarat Sikka Thermal Power plant
Andhra Pradesh Simhadri Thermal Power plant
Madhya Pradesh Singrauli Thermal Power plant
Chhattisgarh Sipat Thermal Power plant
Odisha Talcher Thermal Power plant
Maharashtra Tiroda Thermal Power plant
Karnataka Udupi Thermal Power plant
Gujarat Ukai Thermal Power plant
Madhya Pradesh Vindhyachal Thermal Power plant
Gujarat Wanakbori Thermal Power plant
Assam Namrup Thermal Power Plant

The major factors taken into consideration while locating a thermal power plant are:

  • Terrain
  • Availability of Fuel and Water
  • Proximity to population centres.
  • Accessibility

UPSC aspirants should study these factors in detail as a part of the human and economic geography of the country. They are especially important for the Prelims exam. Questions about power generation and distribution in India can be found in UPSC previous years papers.

Thermal Power Plants In India (UPSC Notes):- Download PDF Here

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