Hydroelectric Power Plants in India

Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) is to work on the modernisation of the 144MW Chilla Hydroelectric power plant in Uttarakhand, India. BHEL’s scope of work includes design, engineering, manufacturing, supply, dismantling, erection, testing and commissioning of critical parts of turbines, generators, governors, controls & instrumentation, protection and balance of plant (BoP).

Electricity is an indispensable part of human lives and without electricity, it is impossible to imagine our lives these days. You must be aware of the fact that electricity is generated by utilizing coal, wind, water and solar energy.

Hydroelectric power is one of the most established and broadly utilized renewable sources of energy. To generate power it utilizes the Earth’s water cycle to generate electricity.  Our country is endowed with an immense amount of hydroelectric potential and positions fifth in terms of exploitable hydroelectric energy in the world. The power generated from hydroelectric plants is used for several purposes.

The hydroelectric power plants which come under Indian geography is an important portion. Aspirants can expect at least one question related to power generation in UPSC Prelims Examination. Here we are giving the list of major hydroelectric power plants in India.

List of Hydroelectric Power Plants in India

States River Hydroelectric Power Plant
Andhra Pradesh Krishna Nagarjuna Hydro Electric Power plant
Andhra Pradesh Krishna Srisailam Hydro Electric Power plant
Andhra Pradesh, Orissa Machkund Machkund Hydro Electric Power plant
Gujarat Narmada Sardar Sarovar Hydro Electric Power plant
Himachal Pradesh Baira Baira-Siul Hydroelectric Power plant
Himachal Pradesh Sutlej Bhakra Nangal Hydroelectric Power plant
Himachal Pradesh Beas Dehar Hydroelectric Power plant
Himachal Pradesh Sutlej Nathpa Jhakri Hydroelectric Power plant
Jammu and Kashmir Chenab Salal Hydro Electric Power plant
Jammu and Kashmir Jhelum Uri Hydro Electric Power plant
Jharkhand Subarnarekha Subarnarekha Hydroelectric Power plant
Karnataka Kalinadi Kalinadi Hydro Electric Power plant
Karnataka Sharavathi Sharavathi Hydroelectric Power plant
Karnataka Kaveri Shivanasamudra Hydroelectric Power plant
Kerala Periyar Idukki Hydro Electric Power plant
Madhya Pradesh Sone Bansagar Hydroelectric Power plant
Madhya Pradesh Narmada Indira Sagar Hydro Electric Power plant
Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh Rihand Rihand Hydroelectric Power plant
Maharashtra Koyna Koyna Hydroelectric Power plant
Manipur Leimtak Loktak Hydro Electric Power plant
Odisha Sileru Balimela Hydro Electric Power plant
Odisha Mahanadi Hirakud Hydro Electric Power plant
Sikkim Rangit Rangit Hydroelectric Power plant
Sikkim Teesta Teesta Hydro Electric Power plant
Uttarakhand Bhagirathi Tehri Hydro Electric Power plant

Facts about Hydroelectric Power plants in India:

  1. Vindhyachal Thermal Power Station in Madhya Pradesh is currently the biggest thermal power plant in India.
  2. The Koyna Hydroelectric Project is the largest completed hydroelectric power plant in India.
  3. The first hydroelectric power station was the Shivanasamudra hydroelectric power station.

Practice Question:

Which is Asia’s first hydroelectric power station?

  1. Idukki Hydro Electric Power plant
  2. Shivanasamudra Hydroelectric Power plant
  3. Koyna Hydroelectric Power plant
  4. Bhakra Nangal Hydroelectric Power plant

Ans. a

 

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