Hydroelectric Power Plants in India

India has 197 Hydro Power plants. The end of the 19th century saw the development of power in India. In 1897, electricity was commissioned in Darjeeling and in 1902, a Hydro Power station at Sivasamudram in Karnataka was commissioned. This article will provide you with a list of important hydroelectric power plants in India that are important for the IAS Exam.

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Why read about Hydroelectric Power Plants of India?

Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) is to work on the modernisation of the 144MW Chilla Hydroelectric power plant in Uttarakhand, India. BHEL’s scope of work includes design, engineering, manufacturing, supply, dismantling, erection, testing and commissioning of critical parts of turbines, generators, governors, controls & instrumentation, protection and balance of plant (BoP).

Electricity is an indispensable part of human lives and without electricity, it is impossible to imagine our lives these days. You must be aware of the fact that electricity is generated by utilizing coal, wind, water and solar energy.

Hydroelectric power is one of the most established and broadly utilized renewable sources of energy. To generate the power it utilizes the Earth’s water cycle to generate electricity.  Our country is endowed with an immense amount of hydroelectric potential and positions fifth in terms of exploitable hydroelectric energy in the world. The power generated from hydroelectric plants is used for several purposes.

The hydroelectric power plants which come under Indian geography is an important portion. Aspirants can expect at least one question related to power generation in UPSC Prelims Examination. Here we are giving the list of major hydroelectric power plants in India.

Hydroelectric Power Plants in India (UPSC Notes):- Download PDF Here

List of Hydroelectric Power Plants in India

States River Hydroelectric Power Plant
Andhra Pradesh Krishna Nagarjunasagar Hydro Electric Power plant
Andhra Pradesh Krishna Srisailam Hydro Electric Power plant
Andhra Pradesh, Orissa Machkund Machkund Hydro Electric Power plant
Gujarat Narmada Sardar Sarovar Hydro Electric Power plant
Himachal Pradesh Baira Baira-Siul Hydroelectric Power plant
Himachal Pradesh Sutlej Bhakra Nangal Hydroelectric Power plant
Himachal Pradesh Beas Dehar Hydroelectric Power plant
Himachal Pradesh Sutlej Nathpa Jhakri Hydroelectric Power plant
Jammu and Kashmir Chenab Salal Hydro Electric Power plant
Jammu and Kashmir Jhelum Uri Hydro Electric Power plant
Jharkhand Subarnarekha Subarnarekha Hydroelectric Power plant
Karnataka Kalinadi Kalinadi Hydro Electric Power plant
Karnataka Sharavathi Sharavathi Hydroelectric Power plant
Karnataka Kaveri Shivanasamudra Hydroelectric Power plant
Kerala Periyar Idukki Hydro Electric Power plant
Madhya Pradesh Sone Bansagar Hydroelectric Power plant
Madhya Pradesh Narmada Indira Sagar Hydro Electric Power plant
Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh Rihand Rihand Hydroelectric Power plant
Maharashtra Koyna Koyna Hydroelectric Power plant
Manipur Leimtak Loktak Hydro Electric Power plant
Odisha Sileru Balimela Hydro Electric Power plant
Odisha Mahanadi Hirakud Hydro Electric Power plant
Sikkim Rangit Rangit Hydroelectric Power plant
Sikkim Teesta Teesta Hydro Electric Power plant
Uttarakhand Bhagirathi Tehri Hydro Electric Power plant
Himachal Pradesh Baspa Baspa-II Hydro Electric Power plant
Himachal Pradesh Satluj Nathpa Jhakri Hydro Electric Power Plant
Himachal Pradesh Beas Pandoh Dam
Himachal Pradesh Ravi Chamera-I
Himachal Pradesh Ravi Chamera-II
Himachal Pradesh Beas Pong
Jammu and Kashmir Chenab Dulhasti

Facts about Hydroelectric Power plants in India

  1. Vindhyachal Thermal Power Station in Madhya Pradesh is currently the biggest thermal power plant in India.
  2. The Koyna Hydroelectric Project is the largest completed hydroelectric power plant in India.
  3. The first hydroelectric power station was the Shivanasamudra hydroelectric power station.

Hydroelectric Power Plants in India (UPSC Notes):- Download PDF Here

Practice Question:

Which is Asia’s first hydroelectric power station?

  1. Idukki Hydro Electric Power plant
  2. Shivanasamudra Hydroelectric Power plant
  3. Koyna Hydroelectric Power plant
  4. Bhakra Nangal Hydroelectric Power plant

Ans. b

Aspirants reading about List of Hydroelectric Power Plants can also refer to similar topics:

There are more articles and UPSC-related preparation materials to choose from with the links given in the table below. Also, be sure to visit the UPSC Syllabus page for more concept pages:

 

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