UPSC IAS Prelims: Hydroelectric Power Plants in India

Electricity is an indispensable part of human lives and without electricity, it is impossible to imagine our lives these days. You must be aware of the fact that electricity is generated by utilizing coal, wind, water and solar energy.

Hydroelectric power is one of the most established and broadly utilized renewable sources of energy. To generate power it utilizes the Earth’s water cycle to generate electricity.  Our country is endowed with immense amount of hydroelectric potential and positions fifth in terms of exploitable hydroelectric energy in the world. The power generated from hydroelectric plants is used for several purposes.

The hydroelectric power plants which come under Indian geography is an important portion. Aspirants can expect at least one question related to power generation in UPSC Prelims Examination. Here we are giving the list of major hydroelectric power plants in India.

States

River

Hydroelectric Power Plant

Andhra Pradesh

Krishna

Nagarjuna Hydro Electric Power plant

Andhra Pradesh

Krishna

Srisailam Hydro Electric Power plant

Andhra Pradesh, Orissa

Machkund

Machkund Hydro Electric Power plant

Gujarat

Narmada

Sardar Sarovar Hydro Electric Power plant

Himachal Pradesh

Baira

Baira-Siul Hydroelectric Power plant

Himachal Pradesh

Sutlej

Bhakra Nangal Hydroelectric Power plant

Himachal Pradesh

Beas

Dehar Hydroelectric Power plant

Himachal Pradesh

Sutlej

Nathpa Jhakri Hydroelectric Power plant

Jammu and Kashmir

Chenab

Salal Hydro Electric Power plant

Jammu and Kashmir

Jhelum

Uri Hydro Electric Power plant

Jharkhand

Subarnarekha

Subarnarekha Hydroelectric Power plant

Karnataka

Kalinadi

Kalinadi Hydro Electric Power plant

Karnataka

Sharavathi

Sharavathi Hydroelectric Power plant

Karnataka

Kaveri

Shivanasamudra Hydroelectric Power plant

Kerala

Periyar

Idukki Hydro Electric Power plant

Madhya Pradesh

Sone

Bansagar Hydroelectric Power plant

Madhya Pradesh

Narmada

Indira Sagar Hydro Electric Power plant

Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh

Rihand

Rihand Hydroelectric Power plant

Maharashtra

Koyna

Koyna Hydroelectric Power plant

Manipur

Leimtak

Loktak Hydro Electric Power plant

Odisha

Sileru

Balimela Hydro Electric Power plant

Odisha

Mahanadi

Hirakud Hydro Electric Power plant

Sikkim

Rangit

Rangit Hydroelectric Power plant

Sikkim

Teesta

Teesta Hydro Electric Power plant

Uttarakhand

Bhagirathi

Tehri Hydro Electric Power plant

 

Practice Question:

Which is Asia’s first hydroelectric power station?

  1. Idukki Hydro Electric Power plant
  2. Shivanasamudra Hydroelectric Power plant
  3. Koyna Hydroelectric Power plant
  4. Bhakra Nangal Hydroelectric Power plant

Ans. a

 

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