Hydroelectric Power Plants in India

India has 197 Hydro Power plants. The end of the 19th century saw the development of power in India. In 1897, electricity was commissioned in Darjeeling and in 1902, a Hydro Power station at Sivasamudram in Karnataka was commissioned. This article will provide you with a list of important hydroelectric power plants in India that are important for the IAS Exam.

Download the list of Thermal Power Plants in India from the linked article.

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Why read about the Hydroelectric Power Plants in India?

There are a few important current affairs related to the hydroelectric power plants in India:

  1. National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) Ltd’s 520 MW Tapovan Vishnugad hydropower project site got damaged in the Uttarakhand Floods (February 2021.)
  2. As per the recent data, 45.8 GW out of 375.32 GW installed power capacity, belongs to hydroelectric power.
  3. 2019 – Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) to work on the modernization of the 144MW Chilla Hydroelectric power plant in Uttarakhand, India.

Electricity is an indispensable part of human lives and without electricity, it is impossible to imagine our lives these days. You must be aware of the fact that electricity is generated by utilizing coal, wind, water, and solar energy.

Hydroelectric power is one of the most established and broadly utilized renewable sources of energy. To generate the power it utilizes the Earth’s water cycle to generate electricity.  Our country is endowed with an immense amount of hydroelectric potential and positions fifth in terms of exploitable hydroelectric energy in the world. The power generated from hydroelectric plants is used for several purposes.

The hydroelectric power plants which come under Indian geography is an important portion. Aspirants can expect questions related to power generation in UPSC Prelims Examination. Here we are giving the list of major hydroelectric power plants in India.

Aspirants reading about List of Hydroelectric Power Plants can also refer to similar topics:

Hydroelectric Power Plants in India (UPSC Notes):- Download PDF Here

List of Hydroelectric Power Plants in India

States River Hydroelectric Power Plant
Andhra Pradesh Krishna Nagarjunasagar Hydro Electric Power plant
Andhra Pradesh Krishna Srisailam Hydro Electric Power plant
Andhra Pradesh, Orissa Machkund Machkund Hydro Electric Power plant
Gujarat Narmada Sardar Sarovar Hydro Electric Power plant
Himachal Pradesh Baira Baira-Siul Hydroelectric Power plant
Himachal Pradesh Sutlej Bhakra Nangal Hydroelectric Power plant
Himachal Pradesh Beas Dehar Hydroelectric Power plant
Himachal Pradesh Sutlej Nathpa Jhakri Hydroelectric Power plant
Jammu and Kashmir Chenab Salal Hydro Electric Power plant
Jammu and Kashmir Jhelum Uri Hydro Electric Power plant
Jharkhand Subarnarekha Subarnarekha Hydroelectric Power plant
Karnataka Kalinadi Kalinadi Hydro Electric Power plant
Karnataka Sharavathi Sharavathi Hydroelectric Power plant
Karnataka Kaveri Shivanasamudra Hydroelectric Power plant
Kerala Periyar Idukki Hydro Electric Power plant
Madhya Pradesh Sone Bansagar Hydroelectric Power plant
Madhya Pradesh Narmada Indira Sagar Hydro Electric Power plant
Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh Rihand Rihand Hydroelectric Power plant
Maharashtra Koyna Koyna Hydroelectric Power plant
Manipur Leimtak Loktak Hydro Electric Power plant
Odisha Sileru Balimela Hydro Electric Power plant
Odisha Mahanadi Hirakud Hydro Electric Power plant
Sikkim Rangit Rangit Hydroelectric Power plant
Sikkim Teesta Teesta Hydro Electric Power plant
Uttarakhand Bhagirathi Tehri Hydro Electric Power plant
Himachal Pradesh Baspa Baspa-II Hydro Electric Power plant
Himachal Pradesh Satluj Nathpa Jhakri Hydro Electric Power Plant
Himachal Pradesh Beas Pandoh Dam
Himachal Pradesh Ravi Chamera-I
Himachal Pradesh Ravi Chamera-II
Himachal Pradesh Beas Pong
Jammu and Kashmir Chenab Dulhasti

Facts about Hydroelectric Power plants in India

  1. The Koyna Hydroelectric Project is the largest completed hydroelectric power plant in India. It has a power capacity of 1960 MW.
  2. The first hydroelectric power station was the Shivanasamudra hydroelectric power station.
  3. Tehri Hydro Electric Power plant is the highest hydroelectric power project in the country, also Tehri Dam is the tallest one in India. Now, NTPC has taken over the project (Since 2019).
  4. Srisailam Hydro Power Plant is the third largest working project in India.
  5. Nathpa Jhakri Hydroelectric Power Plant is the biggest underground hydroelectric power project in the country.
  6. Sardar Sarovar Dam is the world’s second-largest concrete dam. Get the list of dams in India at the linked article.

Hydroelectric Power Plants in India (UPSC Notes):- Download PDF Here

Practice Question:

Which is India’s first hydroelectric power station?

  1. Idukki Hydro Electric Power plant
  2. Shivanasamudra Hydroelectric Power plant
  3. Koyna Hydroelectric Power plant
  4. Bhakra Nangal Hydroelectric Power plant

Ans. b

Frequently Asked Questions about Hydroelectric Power Plants

Which is the largest hydroelectric power plant in India?

The Koyna Hydroelectric Project is the largest hydroelectric power plant in India. It is a complex project with four dams including the largest dam on the Koyna River, Maharashtra hence the name Koyna Hydroelectric Project.

Which is the first hydro electric power plant in India?

The 4.5 megawatt hydroelectric power station near Sivasamudram falls of the Cauvery in Karnataka was the first major power station in India.

Aspirants reading about List of Hydroelectric Power Plants can also refer to similar topics:

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