01 Aug 2021: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 1st August 2021:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
ART AND CULTURE
1. Ruins of an Indus Valley Civilisation Site
B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Sri Lanka seeks to reset relations with India
2. India all set for UNSC presidency term
C. GS 3 Related
ECONOMY
1. SEBI urges peers to rethink bond market curbs
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
1. End-to-end genome sequencing
ECONOMY
1. Is RBI planning a digital currency for India?
F. Prelims Facts
1. Stellar mid-life crisis: What ails the middle-aged Sun?
2. Vanishing permafrost
G. Tidbits
1. Govt. framing standards for services sector: Goyal
2. UN warns hunger is expected to rise in 23 global hotspots
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

2. India all set for UNSC presidency term

Context:

Details:

  • India has outlined the following focus areas:

Maritime security:

  • Maritime security is inevitable for the maintenance of international peace and security.
  • In this direction, India proposes international cooperation to tackle maritime crime and security issues.

Counterterrorism:

  • Terrorist acts pose immense threat to international peace and security.
  • In this direction there is the need to enhance coordination between the U.N. and the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) to address the link between money-laundering and terror-financing.
  • There is the need for enhanced attention on the linkages between terror and transnational crime.

Peacekeeping:

  • India is one of the top troop contributors to the U.N. missions.
  • A key priority would be to ensure the safety of the Indian peacekeeping personnel. The use of technology can be helpful in this direction.
    • India is expected to deploy a mobile app — UNITE AWARE — that will provide terrain information and “improve situational awareness” for peacekeepers.

Category: ECONOMY

1. Is RBI planning a digital currency for India?

Context:

  • Reserve Bank of India’s plan to conduct pilot projects to assess the viability of using central bank digital currency (CBDC) in India.

For detailed information on central bank digital currency (CBDC), its significance and possible challenges in its adoption refer to the following articles:

UPSC Comprehensive News Analysis 23rd June 2021

UPSC Comprehensive News Analysis of 26th July 2021

F. Prelims Facts

1. Stellar mid-life crisis: What ails the middle-aged Sun?

Gyrochronology:

  • It is one of the methods used to estimate the age of stars.
  • There is a relationship between rotation rate and age, the rotation rate of a star slows down with age. When the stellar wind escapes from the star, it carries with it a part of the angular momentum of the star, which results in its slowing down.

2. Vanishing permafrost

Permafrost:

  • Areas with ground temperatures that remain below zero degrees Celsius for more than two years are called permafrost. These permanently frozen grounds are most common in regions with high mountains and in Earth’s higher latitudes—near the North and South Poles (Tundra and Taiga regions).

Permafrost thawing:

  • Rapid global warming is accelerating permafrost collapse (permafrost thawing) all over the world.
  • When thawing, permafrost releases its long-buried elements into the environment— its organic gas is converted into greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide and the extremely potent methane), its mercury can be toxic for humans and animals. It can also lead to the coming back to life of thousand-year-old viruses and lead to an outbreak of new diseases.
  • Permafrost thaw poses a significant threat to infrastructures in the mountainous regions as well as the arctic. This could lead to loss of life and property

G. Tidbits

1. Govt. framing standards for services sector: Goyal

  • Services exports from India, which were $17 billion in 2001­-02, jumped to $205 billion in 2020­21.
  • India has been progressing rapidly in service sectors such as healthcare, home delivery, telecom and technology.
  • India is rapidly progressing to become one of the world’s largest digital markets, be it fintech, edutech or telemedicine.

2. UN warns hunger is expected to rise in 23 global hotspots

  • The Food and Agriculture Organization and World Food Program in their latest report have warned of a rise in global hunger hotspot in the next three months.
  • It has warned of catastrophic situations in Ethiopia’s embattled Tigray region, Drought hit southern Madagascar, Yemen, South Sudan and northern Nigeria.
  • The report notes acute hunger not only increasing in scale but also the severity.
  • Overall, over 41 million people worldwide are at risk of famine, food insecurity and death.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Arrange the following in the correct Chronological order of their arrival in India:
  1. Danes
  2. Portuguese
  3. English
  4. French

Options:

  1. 1-2-3-4
  2. 2-3-1-4
  3. 2-1-3-4
  4. 1-2-4-3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Portuguese-English-Danes-French
  • In 1498, Vasco da Gama of Portugal discovered a new sea route from Europe to India. He reached Calicut by sailing around Africa via the Cape of Good Hope. This was the first arrival of Europeans in India by sea route.
  • The British East India Company was established in 1600.
  • The Danish formed an East India Company and arrived in India in 1616.
  • French East India Company was established in 1664.
Q2. Consider the following statements:
  1. Out of all the European colonial powers that came to India, it was the Dutch who had the shortest presence in comparison to the Portuguese and the English.
  2. The first factory founded by the Dutch in India was at Masulipatnam.
  3. The Battle of Colachel permanently ended Dutch presence in South India when the Travancore army defeated an army of the Dutch East India company.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • The Dutch East India Company was created in 1602 as “United East India Company” and in India, they established the first factory in Masulipatanam in 1605, followed by Pulicat in 1610, Surat in 1616, Bimilipatam in 1641 and Chinsura in 1653.
  • The Dutch had the shortest presence in India in comparison to the Portuguese and the English. Dutch presence on the Indian subcontinent lasted from 1605 to 1825.
  • The Battle of Colachel was fought in 1741 between the Indian kingdom of Travancore and the Dutch East India Company. During the Travancore-Dutch War, King Marthanda Varma’s forces defeated the Dutch East India Company’s forces.
Q3. Which of the following statements is/are correct?
  1. The Sun is the largest object in our solar system, comprising 99.8% of the system’s mass.
  2. The diameter of the Sun is 190 times that of the Earth.

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both
  4. None
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • The Sun is the largest object in our solar system, comprising 99.8% of the system’s mass.
  • The diameter of the Sun is 109 times that of the Earth.
Q4. With reference to the InSight mission, which of the following statements is/are incorrect?
  1. It is part of NASA’s Discovery Program.
  2. InSight is the first mission dedicated to looking deep beneath the Martian surface.

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both
  4. None
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • The Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) mission is a robotic lander designed to study the deep interior of the planet Mars. It is intended to study the interior structure and composition of Mars as well as to detect Marsquakes and other seismic activity, advancing understanding of the formation and evolution of terrestrial planets.
  • It is part of NASA’s Discovery Program.
    • The Discovery Program is a series of Solar System exploration missions funded by the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) through its Planetary Missions Program Office.
  • As of June 2021, the most recently selected Discovery missions are VERITAS and DAVINCI+, the fifteenth and sixteenth missions in the program.
Q5. Consider the following statements: 
  1. The Rajya Sabha has no power either to reject or to amend a Money Bill.
  2. The Rajya Sabha cannot vote on the Demands for Grants.
  3. The Rajya Sabha cannot discuss the Annual Financial Statement.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Though the Rajya Sabha has no power either to reject or to amend a Money Bill or vote on the Demands for Grants, it can discuss the Annual Financial Statement.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Write a note on Assam- Nagaland border dispute. (10 Marks, 150 Words)[GS-2, Polity]
  2. What do you understand by ‘Genome Sequencing’? Discuss the advantages and limitations of Genome Sequencing. (15 Marks, 250 Words)[GS-3, Science and Technology]

Read the previous CNA here.

CNA 1st August 2021:- Download PDF Here

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