08 Aug 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

8 Aug 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Will close marines’ case only after ‘hefty’ compensation: SC
HEALTH
1. Tie-up promises vaccine for India
C. GS 3 Related
ECONOMY
1. RBI sets up panel for stressed loans resolution norms
DISASTER MANAGEMENT
1. 18 killed as landslip buries tea workers’ quarters in Idukki
ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY
1. Leopard poaching highest in Uttarakhand, Maharashtra
2. Govt. launches Electric Vehicle Policy to boost economy, reduce pollution
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
ECONOMY
1. Alert amid uncertainty
DISASTER MANAGEMENT
1. Floods to plane crashes, the role National Disaster Response Force plays in India
F. Prelims Facts
1. India to take part in Kavkaz 2020 in Russia
G. Tidbits
1. 2011 report had flagged unsafe conditions at Calicut airport
2. Food Vision 2050 Prize for Naandi Foundation
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

Category: HEALTH

1. Tie-up promises vaccine for India

Context:

Serum Institute of India (SII) has announced that it has entered into a new partnership with Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to accelerate the manufacture and delivery of up to 100 million doses of COVID-19 vaccines for India and low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

Details:

  • The collaboration would provide upfront capital to SII to help them increase the manufacturing capacity now so that, once a vaccine gains regulatory approval and World Health Organisation (WHO) pre-qualification, doses could be produced at scale for distribution to India and LMICs.
  • The current deal builds on an MoU between AstraZeneca and Gavi, which will guarantee 300 million doses of AstraZeneca’s candidate vaccine to the wider COVAX facility, to be supplied upon licensure or prequalification.
  • These two deals can help guarantee access to early doses for the most vulnerable on a global scale.

Note:

  • SII has earlier partnered with Gavi and pharmaceutical companies to manufacture vaccines that protect against meningitis, severe diarrhea, pneumonia and measles.

Read more about COVAX Facility.

Category: DISASTER MANAGEMENT

1. 18 killed as landslip buries tea workers’ quarters in Idukki

Context:

A series of landslips occurred at the Nayamakkad tea estate in the Idukki district.

This topic has been covered in the 7th August 2020 PIB Summary and Analysis.
Category: ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY

1. Leopard poaching highest in Uttarakhand, Maharashtra

Context:

  • A study has been published by TRAFFIC India on the seizure and mortality of common leopards (Panthera pardus fusca).
  • It is titled: ‘SPOTTED’ in Illegal Wildlife Trade: A Peek into Ongoing Poaching and Illegal Trade of Leopards in India.
TRAFFIC:
  • TRAFFIC is a leading wildlife trade monitoring network across the world.
  • It is a non-governmental organisation working on wildlife trade in the context of both biodiversity conservation and sustainable development.
  • It is a joint program of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Key Findings:

  • The study revealed that, of the total of 747 leopard deaths between 2015-2019 in India, 596 were linked to illegal wildlife trade and activities related to poaching.
  • The highest numbers of poaching incidents were reported from the States of Uttarakhand and Maharashtra.
  • Among all the derivatives found in illegal wildlife trade, skin remained the most in-demand product, accounting for 69% of all seizures, while derivatives like claws, teeth and bones were also traded.
    • Bones of the leopard have a larger international demand for traditional medicines.

Read more about Leopards covered in the 4th August 2020 Comprehensive News Analysis.

2. Govt. launches Electric Vehicle Policy to boost economy, reduce pollution

Context:

The Delhi government has launched its Electric Vehicle Policy.

Details:

  • The Electric Vehicle Policy aims to boost the city’s economy, reduce pollution levels and generate employment in the transport sector.
  • The aim of the Delhi government is to ensure that 25% of the newly registered vehicles across the city by the year 2024 are electric vehicles. Today, the percentage is only 0.2%.
  • It includes incentives for the purchase of electric vehicles.
    • A subsidy of up to ₹30,000 on the purchase of two-wheelers, autorickshaws, e-rickshaws, freight vehicles, each, and of ₹1.5 lakh on cars will be provided.
    • These would be in addition to the incentives under the Central government’s ‘FAME India’ Phase 2.
    • The government would also offer low-interest rates for the purchase of electric commercial vehicles, waive off registration fees and road tax on newly registered electric vehicles and aim to create a network of charging stations in the city.
  • It would also provide scrapping incentives, first across the country.
  • The policy is designed for three years, after which it will be reviewed.

G. Tidbits

1. 2011 report had flagged unsafe conditions at Calicut airport

What’s in News?

A Vande Bharat mission flight from Dubai overshot the runway at Calicut International Airport, broke into two parts and fell into a deep gorge resulting in casualties.

Concerns expressed:

  • According to an aviation safety report submitted to the Ministry of Civil Aviation in 2011, the runway at Calicut International airport was unsafe for flight operations due to inadequate safety area along the runway and at the end of the runway to safeguard against planes skidding off.
  • An aviation safety expert said that there had been no effort on the part of the Airports Authority of India (AAI) to rectify the safety infringements.
  • It was highlighted that landing in wet and tailwind conditions could be a safety hazard.
  • Adding that it is important to clean the runway of rubber which gets deposited after every flight, the failure to do so can lead to aircraft losing control.

Note:

The Directorate General of Civil Aviation had ordered a safety audit of airports earlier this year after several airports saw instances of aircraft overshooting the runway or skidding during heavy rains.

2. Food Vision 2050 Prize for Naandi Foundation

What’s in News?

The Rockefeller Foundation has selected Hyderabad-based non-profit, Naandi Foundation, as one of the ‘Top 10 Visionaries’ in the world for the Food Vision 2050 Prize.

Details:

  • The award recognised the application of the Arakunomics model in regions of Araku, Wardha and New Delhi.
  • Arakunomics model leads to Food Vision 2050 that follows an “ABCDEFGH” framework centering on:
    • Agriculture
    • Biology
    • Compost
    • Decentralised decision-making
    • Entrepreneurs
    • Families
    • Global Markets
    • Headstands or turning current approaches on their head.
  • Naandi’s vision titled “Arakunomics” was based on work with tribal farmers in Araku for nearly 20 years.
    • It is a new integrated economic model that ensures profits for farmers, quality for consumers through regenerative agriculture.
  • The model is a tribute to the tribal farmers of Araku region for the world-class coffee produced and launched in Paris in 2017, as well as for the high carbon landscape transformation they did in over 955 villages, thereby planting 25 million trees.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with respect to Eravikulam National Park:
  1. It is home to the largest population of Nilgiri Tahr.
  2. It is located in Tamil Nadu.
  3. It is a part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Eravikulam National Park is located in the Western Ghats in the Idukki district of Kerala.
  • It is home to the largest population of Nilgiri Tahr. Nilgiri Tahr is a species of mountainous goat endemic to Nilgiris.
Q2. Consider the following statements with respect to Arabian Sea humpback whales:
  1. They are the only non-migratory population of humpback whales in the world.
  2. They are listed under the endangered category in the IUCN Red List.

Which of the given statement/s is/are incorrect?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • The Arabian Sea humpback whales are the only sedentary whales in the world, feeding and breeding in the same area. They are the only non-migratory population of humpback whales in the world.
  • They are listed under the endangered category in the IUCN Red List.
Q3. “Astrakhan”, recently in news is located in which country?
  1. Afghanistan
  2. Lebanon
  3. Russia
  4. Indonesia
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Astrakhan is a city on the Volga River in southern Russia.
  • India is set to take part in the Russian Kavkaz 2020 strategic command-post to be held in Astrakhan.
  • Russia holds a major military exercise every year at one of its four military Commands i.e Vostok (East), Zapad (West), TSENTR (Centre) and Kavkaz (South).
Q4. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched?
  1. Garuda Shakti – Maldives
  2. Mitra Shakti – Sri Lanka
  3. Ekuverin – Indonesia
  4. Surya Kiran – Nepal

Choose the correct option:

  1. 1 and 4 only
  2. 1, 2, 3 and 4
  3. 2 and 4 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  1. Garuda Shakti – Indonesia
  2. Mitra Shakti – Sri Lanka
  3. Ekuverin – Maldives
  4. Surya Kiran – Nepal

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Discuss the measures to be taken for India’s electric vehicle goals to flourish. What are the challenges involved? (15 Marks, 250 Words). [GS Paper 2 – Polity & Governance]
  2. What are the ethical issues to consider while distributing a COVID-19 vaccine? Suggest the best way forward to ensure equitable global distribution of the vaccine. (15 Marks, 250 Words). [GS Paper 2 – Health]

Read the previous CNA here.

8 Aug 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

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