17 Aug 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

Quote for the day Set 5 11

CNA 17 Aug 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
C. GS 3 Related
ENVIRONMENT
1. Understanding ethanol blending
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
ENVIRONMENT
1. Stepping back from an ecological abyss
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
1. High points in science, technology and innovation
2. The coming 75 years
F. Prelims Facts
G. Tidbits
1. Defence equipment given to Army
2. Child mortality has dipped to 35 per 1,000 births: Minister
3. India buys petcoke from Venezuela
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

2. Child mortality has dipped to 35 per 1,000 births: Minister

  • According to the Union Minister of State for Health, India has taken significant strides in reducing child mortality and child mortality had dipped to 35 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2019 as compared to 45 per 1,000 live births in 2014.
  • The “Paalan 1000” National Campaign and Parenting App was launched which focuses on the cognitive development of children in their first two years as the first two years (1000 days) are crucial for the overall health of an individual and require the right amount of nutrition, stimulation, love and support.
  • The app will impart important advice to caregivers about the everyday routine and will help clear doubts.

3. India buys petcoke from Venezuela

  • Indian companies are importing a significant amount of petroleum coke from Venezuela in the wake of increased global coal prices caused due to the Ukraine war.
  • Petcoke is a carbon-rich solid material that is a residue from oil distillation and is known for its higher energy content and is cheaper than coal.
  • India is one of the biggest consumers of petroleum coke in the world and used to import large quantities of pet coke from the US and Saudi Arabia and is importing from Venezuela for the first time.
  • The quality of petcoke from Venezuela is said to be very good and it has very low sulphur.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements about petroleum coke (petcoke): (Level – Difficult)
  1. It is solid fuel obtained during the drilling process of crude oil.
  2. It has a higher calorific value than coal.
  3. Having higher sulphur content its sulphur dioxide emission is higher compared to coal.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, Petcoke is a carbon-rich solid material that is obtained as a residue during the oil distillation or refining process.
  • Statement 2 is correct, Petcoke (>7800 Kcal/Kg) has a higher calorific value as compared to coal (3500-4500 Kcal/Kg).
  • Statement 3 is correct, Petcoke has higher sulphur content and produces more sulphur dioxide emissions as compared to coal.
Q2. Which of the following statements is/are correct with respect to Gabon? (Level – 
Medium)
  1. It is located on the west coast of Africa and the equator passes through it.
  2. It is India’s largest trade partner in the African continent.

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, Gabon is located on the West coast of Africa and the equator passes through it.
Gabon in Africa

Image source: WorldAtlas

  • Statement 2 is not correct, Nigeria is India’s largest trade partner in the African continent.
Q3. Consider the following statements about child mortality: (Level – Medium)
  1. It is defined as the probability of a child dying between birth and exactly 3 years of age, expressed per 100 live births.
  2. India has already achieved the UN Sustainable Development Goal Target set for child mortality.

Which of the following statements is/are correct? 

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, Child mortality is defined as the probability of a child dying between birth and exactly 5 years of age, expressed per 1,000 live births.
  • Statement 2 is not correct, The proposed UN SDG target for child mortality aims to end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age by 2030, with all countries aiming to reduce under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 deaths per 1,000 live births.
  • However, despite a significant reduction in recent years, child mortality in India stands at 35 per 1,000 live births (2019). 
Q4. Which of the following statements about Nipun mine is/are correct? (Level – Difficult)
  1. These are anti-tank mines.
  2. These have been procured from Israel on a technology transfer agreement.

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, “Nipun” is a new generation anti-personnel mine.
  • Statement 2 is not correct, “Nipun” has been developed indigenously with the efforts of Armament Research and Development Establishment, Pune and the Indian industry.
Q5. Consider the following statements: (Level – Medium) PYQ (2019)

A digital signature is:

  1. An electronic record that identifies the certifying authority issuing it.
  2. Used to serve as a proof of identity of an individual to access information or server on internet.
  3. An electronic method of signing an electronic document and ensuring that the original content is unchanged.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, A  Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) is an electronic record that identifies the certifying authority issuing it.
  • Statement 2 is not correct, A Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) can be presented electronically to prove your identity, to access information or services on the Internet or to sign certain documents digitally manually.
  • Statement 3 is correct, A digital signature is an electronic method of signing an electronic document and ensuring that the original content is unchanged.

CNA 17 Aug 2022:- Download PDF Here

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