Desertification is a topic in the Geography section of the UPSC syllabus. This article shares details on the meaning of desertification, the 7 different causes behind desertification, and the 6 negative and harmful effects of desertification like increase in poverty, hunger, fall in farm outputs etc.
Aspirants would find this article very helpful while preparing for the IAS Exam.
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Desertification – Degradation of Fertile Land
Desertification is the degradation process by which a fertile land changes itself into a desert by losing its flora and fauna, this can be caused by drought, deforestation, climate change, human activities or improper agriculture. Desertification is a process of degradation of the land. It occurs because of man-made activities and climate change. Desertification takes place when a particular type of biome converts into a desert biome.
- Farming Practices
- Urbanization and other types of land development
- Climate Change
- Stripping the land of resources
- Natural Disasters
- Farming becomes difficult or even impossible in the area
- Flooding chances are more
- Hunger – because of no farming
- Poor quality of water
- Poverty as a result of the above
Consider the following Statements
- Desertification makes a land fertile.
- Desertification is always a natural process.
Which of the Following Statements are Correct?
- 1 only
- 2 only
- Both 1 and 2
- None of the above
The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2020.
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