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9 Dec 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 09 Dec 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. What will India offer during its presidency of the G20?
C. GS 3 Related
ECONOMY
1. The sustained growth in remittances
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
F. Prelims Facts
G. Tidbits
1. RS clears Wildlife Bill that promises better protection
2. Sri Lanka to resume negotiations on stalled trade agreement with India
3. Field trials of GM mustard DMH-11 showed high yield, says Minister for Science
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

F. Prelims Facts

Nothing here for today!!!

G. Tidbits

1. RS clears Wildlife Bill that promises better protection

  • The Rajya Sabha passed the Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Bill in its ongoing winter session.
    • The Lok Sabha passed the Bill in August during the Monsoon Session (2022) and the Bill had also undergone scrutiny by a Parliamentary Panel.
  • The Bill aims to conserve and protect wildlife through better management of protected areas and rationalise schedules that list out species under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972
  • The Bill also aims for better management of protected areas and permits activities such as grazing or movement of livestock and bonafide use of drinking and household water by local communities.
  • The opposition parties have expressed concerns that the amendment has provided a huge leeway for the transportation of elephants and that the protection of the animal as the amendment contravened Section 27 of the Act.
    • However, the Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has assured the House that elephants would be protected and conserved according to the provisions of the Act.

2. Sri Lanka to resume negotiations on stalled trade agreement with India

  • Sri Lanka is expected to resume negotiations with India on the stalled Economic and Technological Cooperation Agreement (ETCA) as the island country is looking towards trade pacts and foreign direct investments (FDI) inflows to rebuild its crisis-hit economy.
  • About 11 rounds of bilateral discussions were held between 2016 and 2019 with the aim of broadening and deepening the India-Sri Lanka Free Trade Agreement (ISFTA). 
  • However, the following governments in Sri Lanka failed to complete ETCA negotiations as the move faced severe opposition from the nationalist groups and trade unions of Sri Lanka as they felt that the pact would give India an unfair advantage.
  • Further, Sri Lanka has resumed its efforts to integrate with key markets like India and China. Sri Lanka is also resuming its trade negotiations with Thailand and FTA negotiations with Singapore.
    • India and China are the top two sources of import for Sri Lanka.

Read about – India-Sri Lanka Relations

3. Field trials of GM mustard DMH-11 showed high yield, says Minister for Science

  • According to the Union Science Minister, the field trials of the transgenic mustard variety, Dhara Mustard Hybrid-11 (DMH-11) have shown a higher yielding and the use of DMH-11 did not affect the pollination habits of honeybees.
  • The DMH-11 was approved by the Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) for cultivation.
  • The Union government has defended the approval of the DMH-11 in the Supreme Court, which is hearing a petition filed by an activist challenging the GEAC approval of DMH-11.
  • The Minister has said that DMH-11 was tested for three years against national check Varuna and zonal check RL1359 during which DMH-11 showed about 28% more yield than the national check and 37% more than the zonal checks.
  • The Minister further added that the studies conducted on toxicity, allergenicity, compositional analysis, field trials and environmental safety of DMH-11 have proven that DMH-11 is safe for cultivation, food and feed use and it was also found that the visitation of bees to the DMH-11 was similar to that of non-transgenic crops.
  • At present, the only transgenic seed permitted for commercial cultivation in India is Bt Cotton.

Read more about – Dhara Mustard Hybrid-11 (DMH-11)

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements:
  1. Article 127 of the Indian Constitution proposes that when a quorum of permanent judges is needed to continue or hold a Supreme Court session, the President can nominate a High Court judge as an ad hoc Supreme Court judge for a specified time. 
  2. The Ad hoc judge in India carries all of the power, authorities, and advantages and the obligations of a Supreme Court judge.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both
  4. None
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, According to Article 127 of the Constitution, the Chief Justice of India can nominate a High Court judge as an ad hoc Supreme Court judge for a specified time with the prior consent of the President and consultation of the Chief Justice of the respected High Court concerned.
  • Statement 2 is correct,  While performing the duty of an ad hoc judge, the newly appointed judge carries all of the powers, authorities, and advantages and obligations of a Supreme Court judge.
Q2. Which of the following statements about the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 is/are 
correct?
  1. The Act provides for the protection of the country’s wild animals, birds, and plant species, in order to ensure environmental and ecological security 
  2. The National Board for Wildlife (NBWL) and the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) were constituted as statutory organisations under the provisions of the Act.
  3. Schedule 6 of the Act consists of animals that are considered vermin which can be hunted freely.

Options:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 provides for the protection of the country’s wild animals, birds, and plant species, in order to ensure environmental and ecological security. 
  • Statement 2 is correct, The National Board for Wildlife (NBWL) and the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) were constituted as statutory organisations under the provisions of the Act.
  • Statement 3 is not correct, Schedule 5 of the Act consists of animals that are considered vermin which can be hunted freely.
    •  Schedule 6 of the Act contains plants that are forbidden from cultivation. It provides for regulation in the cultivation of a specified plant and restricts its possession, sale and transportation.
Q3. Which of the following Central Asian Country is not a part of International 
North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC)?
  1. Tajikistan
  2. Kazakhstan
  3. Kyrgyzstan
  4. Turkmenistan 
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

INSTC

Image Source: russiancouncil.ru

Q4. Consider the following statements:
  1. The Constitution of India has laid down the technical criterion for a party to be recognised as a national party.
  2. A political party would be considered a national party if: it is ‘recognized’ in four or more states; or if its candidates polled at least 6% of total valid votes in any four or more states in the last Lok Sabha or Assembly elections and has at least four MPs in the last Lok Sabha polls; or if it has won at least 2% of the total seats in the Lok Sabha from not less than three states.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both
  4. None
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, The Election Commission of India (ECI) has laid down the technical criterion for a party to be recognised as a national party. 
  • Statement 2 is correct, According to  ECI’s Political Parties and Election Symbols, 2019 handbook, a political party would be considered a national party if:
    • it is ‘recognised’ in four or more states; or
    • if its candidates polled at least 6% of total valid votes in any four or more states in the last Lok Sabha or Assembly elections and it has at least four MPs in the last Lok Sabha polls; or
    • if it has won at least 2% of the total seats in the Lok Sabha from not less than three states.
Q5.  Consider the following pairs:

 Country and Important reason for being in the news recently

  1. Chad – Setting up of permanent military base by China
  2. Guinea – Suspension of Constitution and Government by military
  3. Lebanon – Severe and prolonged economic depression
  4. Tunisia – Suspension of Parliament by President

How many pairs given above are correctly matched?

  1. Only one Pair
  2. Only two Pairs
  3. Only three Pairs
  4. All four Pairs
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Pair 1 is not correct, China does not have any permanent military base in Chad.
  • Pair 2 is correct, In Guinea, military leaders detained the president, declared the dissolution of government and suspended the constitution.
  • Pair 3 is correct, Lebanon is experiencing a severe and prolonged economic and financial depression.
  • Pair 4 is correct, The Tunisian President invoked an emergency act from Tunisia’s constitution and removed the Prime Minister and suspended the Parliament.

CNA 09 Dec 2022:- Download PDF Here

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