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02 Feb 2023: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 02 Feb 2023:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY
1. Is judicial majoritarianism justified?
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. India, U.S. step up strategic ties with tech plan
C. GS 3 Related
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
ECONOMY
1. A Budget that signals growth with stability
F. Prelims Facts
G. Tidbits
1. Protection under Domestic Violence Act not available to male member, says Delhi HC
2. Odisha may prove to be first mover on PVTG Development Mission
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

Category: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. India, U.S. step up strategic ties with tech plan

Syllabus: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests

Prelims: Initiative on Critical and Emerging Technologies (iCET)

Mains: Developments in India-US bilateral relations

Context

The National Security Adviser of India, Ajit Doval, met his U.S. counterpart, Jake Sullivan, and other senior officials of the US during the inaugural edition of the Initiative on Critical and Emerging Technologies (iCET) dialogue.

Initiative on Critical and Emerging Technologies (iCET)

  • The Initiative on Critical and Emerging Technologies (iCET) was announced during the meeting between the Indian Prime Minister and the U.S. President at the Quad meeting held in Tokyo in May 2022.
  • The iCET dialogue is expected to focus mainly on various means to remove barriers in technology transfers and co-production in the domains of critical and emerging technologies.
  • Further, the iCET also aims to develop supply chains to increase co-production and co-development between the countries and improve the linkages between the start-up ecosystems of the two countries.
  • The iCET dialogue is spearheaded by the National Security Councils (NSCs) of India and the USA.

Read more about – National Security Council (NSC)

Key outcomes of the inaugural iCET dialogue

  • A “fact sheet” released by the White House after the meeting has highlighted six areas of planned cooperation which include enhancing innovation ecosystems, defence innovation and technology cooperation, developing resilient semiconductor supply chains, space, STEM talent and next-generation telecommunications.
  • The newly announced programmes include:
    • A Research Agency Partnership between the U.S. National Science Foundation and Indian science agencies.
    • A platform to collaborate on quantum computing that facilitates collaboration with academia and industry.
    • Devising a new defence industrial cooperation roadmap.
    • A mechanism to aid the development of semiconductors in India.
    • Furthering space cooperation which includes human spaceflight.
  • 5G cooperation: A private-public dialogue to enhance cooperation with respect to 5G/6G technologies and the adoption of Open RAN (technology that helps connect phones to each other and to the Internet) in India was also announced.
  • Jet engines: The U.S. also assured that it will undertake a quick review of an application from General Electric to produce jet engines in India for India’s Light Combat Aircrafts (LCA).
  • Easing exports: The two countries also discussed various means to ease export controls and restrictions.
    • The White House has released a statement which says that the U.S. administration would come up with ways to lower barriers to U.S. exports to India of High-Performance Computing and source code.
  • Human rights: According to the White House’s statement, both India and the US affirm that the ways in which technology is designed, developed, governed, and used must be shaped by shared democratic values and respect for universal human rights.
    • The statement by the White House further added that the two countries have committed that the technology will “reinforce our democratic values and democratic institutions”.
    • However, it was only the White House’s statement that made references to human rights, as the statement released by the Indian Ministry of External Affairs did not make any reference to human rights.

Know more about – India-US relations

Nut graf: The launch of the iCET dialogue has assumed significance, particularly at a time when there has been a growing convergence of Indian and US interests with respect to security, economic, and technological challenges presented due to the rise of China. The iCET dialogue is expected to deepen the U.S.-India strategic relationship which is extremely important for the growth and development of the South Asian, Indian Ocean and Indo-Pacific Regions.

F. Prelims Facts

Nothing here for today!!!

G. Tidbits

1. Protection under Domestic Violence Act not available to male member, says Delhi HC

  • The Delhi High Court has stayed proceedings under the Protection of Women against Domestic Violence Act (DV Act) in a case where a man had moved to a local court accusing his wife of adultery.
  • The Court observed that as per Section 2(a) of the Protection of Women against Domestic Violence Act, the protection is not available to any male member of the family and more particularly the husband.
    • According to Section 2(a) of the DV act, aggrieved person” means any woman who is, or has been, in a domestic relationship with the respondent and who alleges to have been subjected to any act of domestic violence by the respondent.
  • The advocate who argued on behalf of the wife said that the very title of the Act is self-explanatory that the protection is limited to a woman being an aggrieved person and added that the intent of the Act is resolute that recourse is limited to only women.

Read more about – Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005

2. Odisha may prove to be first mover on PVTG Development Mission

  • The Union Finance Minister announced the launch of the Pradhan Mantri PVTG (Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group) Development Mission aimed at filling the gaps in extending basic facilities to the PVTG communities
  • Odisha which is the home to the highest number of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) in India is expected to be benefited the most due to the PVTG Development Mission.
  • Out of the 75 PVTGs identified in the country, 13 such tribes live in Odisha. 
    • According to a 2018 baseline survey, 2,49,609 persons belonging to PVTGs live in 1,679 habitations in 14 districts of Odisha.
  • The Union Finance Minister has announced that an amount of ₹15,000 crores would be made available to implement the mission in the next three years under the Development Action Plan for the Scheduled Tribes.
  • Additionally, Odisha has also been a beneficiary of the Conservation-cum-Development (CCD) scheme, to which the Union Ministry of Tribal Affairs allocates 100% financial assistance to the States with PVTG communities.
  • The Odisha Government had also launched the Odisha PVTG Empowerment and Livelihoods Improvement Programme (OPELIP) at an estimated cost of ₹711 crores, spread over seven years. 
    • The State government was granted 46% assistance for the OPELIP in the form of a loan from the International Fund for Agricultural Development.
  • With the experience of handling such PVTG programmes in the past, Odisha is best placed to handle the PVTG Development Mission.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Which of the statements are true regarding the Indian Budget? (Level – Moderate)
  1. In the Constitution, it is termed “Annual Financial Statement”.
  2. It finds a mention in Article 112.
  3. It is prepared under the aegis of the Department of Economic Affairs.

Options:

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, In the Constitution, the Union Budget is termed the “Annual Financial Statement”.
  • Statement 2 is correct, Article 112 of the Constitution of India lays down that Annual Financial Statement is a statement of the estimated expenditure and receipts of the Government for a particular year. 
  • Statement 3 is correct, The Union Budget is prepared by the Economic Division of the Department of Economic Affairs under the Union Finance Ministry.
Q2. Which of the statements are not true regarding the PM Kisan Yojana? (Level–Moderate)
  1. It provides for 6000 Rs. in 4 instalments to the beneficiaries.
  2. It is applicable to all the farmers of the country.
  3. It is a central sector scheme.

Options:

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, The PM Kisan Yojana provides income support of Rs.6,000 per year in three instalments which will be deposited directly to the beneficiaries’ bank accounts.
  • Statement 2 is not correct, The scheme is applicable only to those small or marginal farmers who do not fall under the set of criteria.
  • Statement 3 is correct, Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) yojana is a Central Sector Scheme.
Q3. Which of the statements are true regarding Bharat Shared Repository of 
inscription? (Level – Difficult)
  1. It will be established under the aegis of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
  2. It will be a digital repository.
  3. It will be established in Hyderabad.

Options:

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, The Bharat Shared Repository of Inscriptions (BharatSHRI) will be established under the aegis of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) which works under the Ministry of Culture.
  • Statement 2 is correct, BharatSHRI will be a digital repository with digitisation of 1 lakh ancient inscriptions.
  • Statement 3 is correct, BharatSHRI will be set up in the Epigraphy Museum to be established at Hyderabad.
Q4. Which of the following Indian states border Myanmar?  (Level – Difficult)
  1. Assam
  2. Arunachal Pradesh
  3. Meghalaya
  4. Nagaland
  5. Manipur
  6. Mizoram

Options:

  1. 1, 2, 4, 5 and 5
  2. 2, 4, 5 and 6
  3. 1, 3, 5 and 6
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

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Q5. In the context of India’s preparation for Climate-Smart Agriculture, consider the
following statements:  (Level – Difficult) PYQ 2021
  1. The ‘Climate-Smart Village’ approach in India is a part of a project led by the Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), an international research program.
  2. The project of CCAFS is carried out under the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) headquartered in France.
  3. The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) in India is one of the CGIAR’s research centres.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, The Climate-Smart Village project in India is a program of CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).
  • Statement 2 is correct, CCFAS is carried out under CGIAR (formerly the Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research) which is a global partnership that unites international organizations engaged in research about food security.
    • Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) has its headquarters in France.
  • Statement 3 is correct, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) is a non-profit, non-political public international research organization that conducts agricultural research for development in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.

CNA 02 Feb 2023:- Download PDF Here

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