24 Feb 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

24th FEB 2020 CNA- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
SOCIAL ISSUES
1. No country is doing enough to protect children’s health, finds study
B. GS 2 Related
HEALTH
1. Waiting to exhale
C. GS 3 Related
ENVIRONMENT
1. Highway threatens tiger territory in Arunachal Pradesh
2. Rushikulya rookery all set to welcome olive ridleys
3. Malai Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
1. Limits of funding: on private sector research funding
POLITY
1. Batting for the downtrodden
SOCIAL ISSUES
1. Youth can be a clear advantage for India
GOVERNANCE
1. Financial Secrecy Index (FSI)
F. Prelims Facts
1. Hunar Haat
2. World’s largest cave fish discovered in Meghalaya
G. Tidbits
1. 4,000 year old crafts village unearthed
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

2. Rushikulya rookery all set to welcome olive ridleys

  • The olive ridley turtle is named for the generally greenish color of its skin and shell or carapace.
  • They are the smallest and most abundant of all sea turtles found in the world, inhabiting warm waters of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans.
  • It is closely related to the Kemp’s ridley.
  • IUCN: Vulnerable

Egg Laying

  • These turtles are best known for their unique mass nesting called Arribada, where thousands of females come together on the same beach to lay eggs.
  • They lay their eggs in conical nests about one and a half feet deep which they laboriously dig with their hind flippers.
  • The coast of Odisha in India is the largest mass nesting site for the Olive-ridley, followed by the coasts of Mexico and Costa Rica.
  • An Olive Ridley usually lays about 120 to 150 eggs from which hatchlings emerge after about 45 to 60 days.
    • It is estimated that approximately 1 hatchling survives to reach adulthood for every 1000 hatchlings that enter the sea waters. This may also be the reason why arribadas happen and a single female can lay 80 to 120 eggs and sometimes even twice in a season; to increase the hatchlings’ survival rate.
  • But not all eggs remain intact as predators devour it. Besides, eggs are also washed away by sea waves during high tide.

Threats

  • They get entangled in the nets for a prolonged period and die of asphyxiation.
  • The turtles also perish in large numbers after getting hit by the fast-moving propeller of the fishing trawlers.
  • They are still extensively poached for their meat, shell and leather, and their eggs.

Steps to protect Olive Ridley turtles

  • To provide security to mother turtles as well as the eggs from human and predator intervention, the forest department is erecting an over 5-km-long fence of metal net from Gokharkuda to Bateswar.
  • The forest officials have already completed two to three rounds of awareness drive at all villages near the rookery.
  • Debris and plastic waste, like pieces of fishing net, are being removed with the help of locals. There will be regular monitoring of the beach.
  • The department has set up 11 onshore camps. Personnel at these camps regularly document beach conditions, inform about the debris deposited by the sea, prevent the entry of predators like stray dogs and search for turtle carcasses.
  • The Odisha Government has made it mandatory for trawls to use Turtle Excluder Devices (TEDs), a net specially designed with an exit cover which allows the turtles to escape while retaining the catch.

3. Malai Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is a protected Wildlife sanctuary in the Eastern Ghats and is located in the state of Karnataka.
  • The predominant forest type of the sanctuary is dry and moist deciduous forests.
  • The sanctuary is contiguous with both BRT Tiger Reserve on the western side and Satyamangalam Reserve in Tamil Nadu on the southern side.

Malai Madeswara Hills, BRT Sanctuary and Rajiv Gandhi National Park in map of Karnataka

Context

  • M.M. Wildlife Sanctuary will be the new tiger reserve after approval from the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA).

Why is it being granted the tiger reserve status?

  • It is because this is a unique geographical zone that acts as a bridge between the Western and Eastern Ghats.

Details

  • Once notified, Chamarajanagar district will have the rare distinction in the country of harbouring three tiger reserves.
    • It already has Bandipur and Biligiri Ranganatha Temple (BRT) Tiger Reserve within its territorial limits.
  • Karnataka currently has 5 Tiger Reserves namely, Bandipur, Bhadra, Nagarahole, Dandeli-Anshi and BRT Tiger Reserves.
  • The sanctuary will be renamed as Malai Mahadeshwara Hill Tiger Reserve (MMH TR) with a core area of 670.95 sq km spread across Malai Mahadeshwara Reserve Forest, Hanur Reserve Forest and Yediyarahalli Reserve Forest. The buffer will be spread over 235.19 sq km.

Measures that will be taken for their protection

  • There are 39 anti-poaching camps in MM Hills Wildlife Sanctuary and the plan is to double their number once it is elevated to the status of a tiger reserve.
  • Implementation of strict wildlife management and protection measures will enhance the landscape value in increasing the tiger densities.

2. World’s largest cave fish discovered in Meghalaya

Context

cave fish

  • A team of experts from the UK, Switzerland and India has discovered the world’s largest species of cave fish in Meghalaya’s Jaintia Hills.

Details

  • The cave fish, similar in anatomy to an endangered mahseer species, is around one and a half feet in length and was found inside a remote cave in Jaintia Hills.
  • The fish has no eyes and is white due to a lack of melanin pigmentation.
  • As they live in a nutrient-limited environment most of these species are small.

G. Tidbits

1. 4,000 year old crafts village unearthed

Context

  • A nearly 4,000-year-old urban settlement has been unearthed by a team of surveyors from the Banaras Hindu University (BHU), which experts say could be one of the craft villages mentioned in ancient texts.

Details

  • The University’s Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology, did the preliminary survey of the site in Babhaniyav village which is about 13 km from Varanasi.
  • The site at Babhaniyav could be a small sub-centre of Varanasi which grew as an urban town.
  • Such crafts villages have been earlier unearthed in Sarnath, Tilmapur, Ramnagar and other areas, Babhaniyav is an addition.
  • They have also found a pillar with a two-line text in Kushan-Brahmi script which makes the findings at least 3,500-4,000 years old.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Justice DM Dharmadhikari Committee was appointed to
address issues related to:

a) Interstate Border issues
b) Sharing of water from River Krishna between the states of Maharashtra, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh
c) Resolution of the dispute between Punjab and Haryana with respect to Sutlej
d) Allocation of power sector employees between Andhra Pradesh and Telangana

See
Answer
Q2. With respect to Namdapha National Park, which of the following 
statement/s is/are incorrect?
  1. It is located in Arunachal Pradesh.
  2. The Namdapha flying squirrel is endemic to the park and its IUCN status is endangered.
  3. It lies close to the India-Myanmar border.

Options:

a) 1 and 2 only
b) 2 only
c) 2 and 3 only
d) None

See
Answer
Q3. Consider the following statements about the National Tiger 
Conservation Authority (NTCA):
  1. It is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change constituted under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960.
  2. ‘Project Tiger’ is a Central sector scheme.

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct?

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both
d) None

See
Answer
Q4. Which of the following countries are part of SAARC?
  1. Afghanistan
  2. Bangladesh
  3. Myanmar
  4. Nepal
  5. Bhutan
  6. Sri Lanka
  7. Thailand

Options:

a) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 only
b) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7
c) 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 only
d) 1, 2, 4, 5 and 6 only

See
Answer

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. For achieving technological superiority and better outcomes in the industrial sector, investment in research and development is the key.  Discuss
  2. Should the SC/ST community have reservations in promotions? Critically Analyze.

Read previous CNA.

24th FEB 2020 CNA- Download PDF Here

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