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25 Jan 2023: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 25 Jan 2023:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
GEOGRAPHY
1. What ails the Ken-Betwa river link project?
B. GS 2 Related
C. GS 3 Related
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
INDIAN CONSTITUTION AND POLITY
1. The new and dark interpretations of ‘We the People’
INDIAN ECONOMY
1. Working hand in hand to showcase India
EDUCATION
1. Developing schools without barriers
F. Prelims Facts
1. Olive Ridley Turtles
G. Tidbits
1. Purse seine fishing partially allowed outside T.N. waters
2. Services exports to cross FY23 goal of $300 bn
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

G. Tidbits

1. Purse seine fishing partially allowed outside T.N. waters

  • The Supreme Court has permitted purse seine fishing off the Tamil Nadu coast. However, the apex court has imposed strict rules to regulate the extent of purse seine fishing outside the 12-nautical-mile limit off Tamil Nadu. Stringent conditions include:
    • Purse seine fishing would be allowed only twice a week, i.e. on Mondays and Thursdays.
    • Further, it will be allowed only between 8 AM and 6 PM on those days.
    • Only the vessels that are registered under the marine fishing regulation laws would be permitted to undertake purse seine fishing. 
    • Tracking devices will also be installed in these boats. 
    • The court has further prescribed a colour code for such fishing vessels. 
  • Purse seine fishing is a mode of fishing that involves the use of a wide net to draw in not only the targeted fish but also endangered species such as turtles.
    • According to environmental experts, the mouth of the purse seine net is about one hectare and it has the ability to drag everything from the bowels of the sea.
  • The practice of Purse seine fishing has been banned in States and UTs such as Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Puducherry, Odisha, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu and Andaman and Nicobar Islands in their respective territorial waters of up to 12 nautical miles and States like Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka, West Bengal have not imposed any such prohibitions.
  • The Union government has told the Supreme Court that the ban imposed by certain coastal States and UTs on purse seine fishing is not justified and sought six months duration to formulate a uniform national plan for purse seine fishing.

2. Services exports to cross FY23 goal of $300 bn

Servicing trade

Image Source: The Hindu

  • As per the Union Minister of Commerce and Industry, the country’s services exports are performing “extremely well” and the outbound shipments are expected to grow by about 20% to cross the $300-billion target despite global economic uncertainties.
  • The Minister further added that even on the merchandise front the exports were registering healthy growth in spite of a global economic recession, increasing inflationary pressure and overstocking of various commodities.
  • According to reports, India’s exports increased 9% year-on-year during the April-December 2022-23 time period.
  • Services exports rose to $235.81 billion during the April-December 2022-23 time period, as compared to $184.65 billion in 2021-22.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. What is AMPHEX? (Level – Moderate)
  1. It is a technology developed by IISc to detect new species of amphibians in Western Ghats.
  2. It is a technology transfer mission with France to develop submarines.
  3. It is a tri-service combined exercise of India.
  4. It is a global initiative to protect frogs in the world.
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • APHEX is a biennial Tri-Services Amphibious Exercise of India.
  • AMPHEX is aimed at joint training of elements of all three services in various facets of amphibious operations to enhance interoperability and synergy. 
Q2. Which statements are true regarding Norovirus? (Level – Moderate)
  1. It spreads through sharing of food.
  2. It causes gastroenteritis.
  3. It is more common during winters.

Options:

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, Norovirus mainly spreads through faecal-oral routes such as:
    • Direct contact with an infected person
    • Consuming contaminated water or food
    • Touching contaminated surfaces and using unwashed hands
  • Statement 2 is correct, Norovirus is a human enteric pathogen that causes acute gastroenteritis.
  • Statement 3 is correct, Norovirus is also known as “winter vomiting bug” and is common during winters.
Q3. Which of these statement(s) is/are correct? (Level – Easy)
  1. DGCA is an independent agency of the Government of India.
  2. It enforces the civil air safety standards in the country.

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) is an attached office of the Ministry of Civil Aviation, Government of India.
  • Statement 2 is correct, DGCA is the regulatory body in the field of Civil Aviation mainly dealing with safety issues. 
    • DGCA is also responsible for regulation of air transport services within India and for enforcement of civil air regulations, air safety and airworthiness standards. 
Q4. Which of the statements are true? (Level – Easy)
  1. 2024 has been declared the “International Year of Millet” by the United Nations.
  2. India is the largest producer of millet in the world.

Options:

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, In March 2021, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) declared 2023 as the International Year of Millets
  • Statement 2 is correct, India is the largest producer of millets in the world.
    • The major millet producing States in India are Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
Q5. With reference to forced labour (Vishti) in India during the Gupta period, which
 one of the following statements is correct? (Level – Difficult) PYQ 2019
  1. It was considered as a source of income for the state, a sort of tax paid by the people.
  2. It was totally absent in the Madhya Pradesh and Kathiawar region of the Gupta empire.
  3. The forced labourer was entitled to weekly wages.
  4. The eldest son of the labourer was sent as the forced labourer
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Vishti was considered as a source of income for the state, a sort of tax by the people. 
  • Junagarh inscription mentions Vishti as one form of tax, which indicates that it was extracted from Gujarat and Malwa region.
  • Anyone could be sent as a labourer for Vishti, not necessarily the eldest son of the labourer. 
  • The forced labourers were not entitled to any weekly wages.
  • Therefore option a is correct.

Read the previous CNA here.

CNA 25 Jan 2023:- Download PDF Here

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