29 Jul 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

Quote for the day Set 5 11

CNA 29 July 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. After the referendum: The challenges of a power grab in Tunisia
C. GS 3 Related
ECONOMY
1. Reviving BSNL in a competitive telecom market
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
GOVERNANCE
1. Narrow view
ENVIRONMENT
2. What numbers do not reveal about tiger conservation
F. Prelims Facts
G. Tidbits
1. Govt. worried about teen pregnancies
2. Airlines reported 478 technical snags in a year
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

2. Airlines reported 478 technical snags in a year

  • According to the government, airlines in the country have reported over 478 technical snags between July 1, 2021, to June 30, 2022.
  • The Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) has undertaken several surveillance, spot checks and night surveillance initiatives to examine the engineering and maintenance aspects of various airlines.
  • Following the inspections, DGCA has taken regulatory actions in various instances of violations, which include suspension of licence, withdrawal of the airline staff responsible for aircraft maintenance and issuance of warning letters.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements: (Level – Difficult)
  1. In the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, the Speaker and Chairman have the power to suspend a member either through a motion or by themselves.
  2. Article 124 of the Constitution says parliamentary proceedings cannot be questioned before a court.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both
  4.  None
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, In the Lok Sabha, Rules 374 and 374(A) of the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business give the Speaker the power to suspend a member either through a motion or by themselves. 
    • However, the Rajya Sabha Chairman does not have the power to suspend a Member and can only suspend a member through a motion.
  • Statement 2 is not correct, Article 122 of the Constitution says that the validity of any proceedings in Parliament shall not be called in question on the ground of any alleged irregularity of procedure.
Q2. Which of the following are the initiatives for the welfare and upliftment of the minority
 Communities? (Level – Medium)
  1. Hamari Darohar
  2. Nai Manzil
  3. Nai Udaan
  4. Naya Savera
  5. USTAAD

Options:

  1. 1, 2 and 3 only
  2. 2, 3, 4 and 5 only
  3. 1, 4 and 5 only
  4. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • USTAAD: The Scheme aims at upgrading Skills and Training in preservation of traditional Ancestral Arts/Crafts of minorities.
  • Hamari Dharohar: The Scheme aims to preserve the rich heritage of minority communities in the context of Indian culture.
  • Nai Manzil: A bridge course to bridge the academic and skill development gaps of the deeni Madrasa passouts with their mainstream counterparts.
  • Nai Udaan: Support for students clearing Prelims conducted by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), State Public Service Commission (PSC), Staff Selection Commission (SSC), etc
  • Naya Savera: The Scheme aims to provide free coaching to students/candidates belonging to minority communities for qualifying in entrance examinations of technical/medical professional courses and various competitive examinations.
Q3. With respect to Samudrayaan Mission, which of the following statements is/are incorrect?
 (Level – Difficult)
  1. It is India’s first manned ocean mission.
  2. The mission has the goal of sending men deep into the ocean in a submersible vehicle for deep-ocean exploration and rare mineral mining.
  3. It will carry 3 human beings to a water depth of 6000 meters in the ocean.

Options:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. None
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, Samudraya is India’s first manned ocean mission.
  • Statement 2 is correct, The mission aims to send individuals into the deep sea in a submersible vehicle for deep-ocean exploration and mining of rare minerals.
  • Statement 3 is correct, The mission will carry three individuals in a manned submersible vehicle named MATSYA 6000 to a depth of 6000 metres in the ocean.
Q4. Consider the following statements (Level – Difficult)
  1. This region is surrounded by Gulf of Aqaba.
  2. Strait of Tiran connects two water bodies.
  3. Its coastlines touch Mediterranean Sea and Red Sea.

The country in question is:

  1. Jordan
  2. Egypt
  3. Syria
  4. Israel
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

Strait of Tiran

Image Source: Wikipedia

Q5. Which one of the following lakes of West Africa has become dry and turned into a desert?
 (Level – Medium) PYQ (2022)
  1. Lake Victoria
  2. Lake Faguibine
  3. Lake Oguta
  4. Lake Volta
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Lake Faguibine in northern Mali is dry and has been since the 1970s.
  • Erratic rainfall patterns due to climate change, sand dunes blocking parts of the channels, extensive use of water for large-scale irrigation and to produce hydropower, have combined to deprive Lake Faguibine of much needed water.

Read the previous CNA here.

CNA 29 July 2022:- Download PDF Here

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