07 Jun 2023: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 07 June 2023:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Why is there trouble in Kosovo again?
C. GS 3 Related
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
1. A global order as technology’s much needed pole star
ECONOMY
1. Seeing India’s energy transition through its States
F. Prelims Facts
1. 508 districts in country are free of manual scavenging: Ministry report
2. Submarine deal can be a flagship project, says German Minister
3. Unfazed by sanctions, Iran unveils new ‘hypersonic missile’ that can cover 1,400 km
G. Tidbits
1. Test cricket’s ultimate prize awaits as titans clash
2. Indigenous heavyweight torpedo successfully tested
3. ‘Internet economy to hit $1 trillion by 2030’
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

2. Submarine deal can be a flagship project, says German Minister

Syllabus: GS 2- International Relations.

Prelims: India-Germany relations.

  • The Defence Ministers of India and Germany discussed the procurement of six advanced submarines by the Indian Navy under Project-75I. It was further said that the deal can become the ‘flagship project’.
  • Germany is seeking concrete cooperation and is willing to intensify military cooperation with other branches of the Navy and Air Force.
  • Notably, it was the first visit of a German Defence Minister to India since 2015.
  • German Defence Minister Boris Pistorius made a strong pitch for German company ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems (TKMS).

3. Unfazed by sanctions, Iran unveils new ‘hypersonic missile’ that can cover 1,400 km

Syllabus: GS 2- International Relations.

Prelims: Fattah Hypersonic Missile.

  • Iran claimed that it had created a new hypersonic missile called ‘Fattah,’ meaning ‘Conqueror’ in Farsi.
    • The missile is capable of travelling at 15 times the speed of sound.
  • The missile was unveiled despite the fact that Iran is about to reopen its diplomatic ties with Saudi Arabia.
  • It was highlighted that the missile has a range of up to 1,400 km.
  • The missile has a moveable nozzle that would allow it to change the trajectories in flight.
    • It should be noted that the more irregular the missile’s flight path, the more difficult it becomes to intercept it.

G. Tidbits

1. Test cricket’s ultimate prize awaits as titans clash

  • The 2023 World Test Championship (WTC) final between India and Australia will be held at The Oval in London, England on 7th June 2023.
  • It provides India with an opportunity to ease itself of the burden of not winning an ICC title in the last 10 years.
  • It should be noted that at the inaugural WTC final in 2021 (Southampton), New Zealand defeated India by eight wickets.
  • Australia’s lineup looks better on paper, while India is also a top-ranked country in test cricket.

2. Indigenous heavyweight torpedo successfully tested

  • Varunastra, an indigenously designed and developed heavyweight torpedo with a live warhead against an undersea target was successfully tested by the Indian Navy.
  • It is a ship-launched anti-submarine torpedo. 
  • It is designed and developed by the Naval Science and Technological Laboratory in Visakhapatnam.

3. ‘Internet economy to hit $1 trillion by 2030’

  • As per a report by Google, Bain & Company, and Temasek, India’s Internet economy will reach $1 trillion in value by 2030 (up from $175 billion in 2022).
  • The growth is attributed to more Indians adopting online transactions and the expansion of digital business.
  • It is estimated that changes would be more pronounced in small towns and rural areas, as only 13% population lived in metro and tier 1 cities.
  • The health sector and insurance sector (both sized at or less than $2 billion) will show the largest expansion.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. How many of the following statements are true regarding Suriname? 
(Level- Difficult)
  1. It is located in the northern part of South America.
  2. It was a Dutch colony before getting independence in 1975.
  3. Indian-origin people make up the largest ethnic group in Suriname.

Options:

  1. Only 1 statement
  2. Only 2 statements
  3. Only 3 statements
  4. None
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct: It is a small country located in the Northern part of South America.
  • Statement 2 is correct: It was a Dutch colony before getting independence in 1975.
  • Statement 3 is correct: Indian-origin people make up the largest ethnic group in Suriname.
Q2. How many of the following statements are true regarding the Indian 
Monsoons? (Level- Moderate)
  1. The shift of the ITCZ is a major factor in bringing the Southwest monsoons to India.
  2. The Tamil Nadu coast remains dry during the Southwest monsoon season.
  3. Monsoon enters West Bengal and Bangladesh not from the southwest but from south and southeast directions. 

Options:

  1. Only 1 statement
  2. Only 2 statements
  3. Only 3 statements
  4. None
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct: The shift of the ITCZ is a major factor in bringing the Southwest monsoons to India.
  • Statement 2 is correct: During the South-West Monsoons, Tamil Nadu remains dry because it is located in a rain shadow area. It receives rainfall in the winter season due to northeast trade winds.
  • Statement 3 is correct: Monsoon enters West Bengal and Bangladesh not from the southwest but from south and southeast directions. 
Q3. Section 124A was inserted into the Indian Penal Code during the reign of which 
Viceroy? (Level- Easy)
  1. Lord Mayo
  2. Lord Canning
  3. Lord Lytton
  4. Lord Curzon
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation: 

Section 124A was inserted into the Indian Penal Code during the reign of Lord Mayo. In 1870 it was added to the Penal Code by an amendment introduced by Sir James Stephen.

Q4. How many of the following statements are true regarding the Commission of 
Railway Safety? (Level - Moderate)
  1. It comes under the administrative control of the Ministry of Railways.
  2. It is headquartered in Lucknow.
  3. This authority is responsible for investigating serious train accidents in the country.

Options:

  1. Only 1 statement
  2. Only 2 statements
  3. Only 3 statements
  4. None
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation: 

  • Statement 1 is not correct: The Commission of Railway Safety works Under the Ministry of Civil Aviation.
  • Statement 2 is correct: It has its headquarters in Lucknow.
  • Statement 3 is correct: It investigates serious train accidents in the country. 
Q5. Consider the following:​ (Level- Difficult)
  1. Calcutta Unitarian Committee​
  2. Tabernacle of New Dispensation​
  3. Indian Reform Association​

Keshab Chandra Sen is associated with the establishment of which of the above?​

  1. 1 and 3 only​
  2. 2 and 3 only​
  3. 3 only​
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation: 

  • The Calcutta Unitarian Committee was established by Raja Ram Mohan Roy.
  • In 1868, Keshab Chandra Sen laid the foundation stone of his mandir called the Tabernacle of New Dispensation​.
  • He was also a part of the Indian Reform Association, whose objective was to create public opinion against child marriage.

CNA 07 June 2023:- Download PDF Here

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