Project 75 (I) succeeds the Project 75 Kalvari-class submarine for the Indian Navy.
Project 75 intends to build six diesel-electric attack submarines of the Kalvari class that is based on the Scorpene-class, which are being built at MDL (Mazagon Dock Limited).
Latest Update: Under Project 75-India, the Navy will build six conventional diesel-electric submarines that would be bigger than the under-construction Scorpene-class submarines being built at the Mazagon Dockyards Limited in Mumbai under Project 75.
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What is Project 75 India?
- Project-75 (I) envisages indigenous construction of six modern conventional submarines with contemporary equipment, weapons & sensors including Fuel-Cell based AIP (Air Independent Propulsion Plant), advanced torpedoes, modern missiles and state-of-the-art countermeasure systems.
- This would provide a major boost to the indigenous design and construction capability of submarines in India, in addition to bringing in the latest submarine design and technologies as part of the project.
- The overall aim would be to progressively build indigenous capabilities in the private sector to design, develop and manufacture complex weapon systems for the future needs of the Armed Forces.
- The project would not only aid in boosting the core submarine/shipbuilding industry but would also greatly enhance the manufacturing/industrial sector, especially the Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) by developing an industrial ecosystem for the manufacture of associated spares/systems/equipment related to submarines.
- This will be an important step towards meeting broader national objectives, encouraging self-reliance and aligning the defence sector with the ‘Make in India’ initiative of the Government.
30-year Submarine Plan
- Around the time of the Kargil war, GoI approved a 30- year submarine building plan. It included the construction of 24 submarines indigenously by 2030.
- The submarine building plan had separate series of submarine building lines with code names Project 75 and Project 75I.
- Out of 24 submarines to be built in India, 18 will be conventional submarines and 6 will be nuclear-powered submarines
- India’s current arsenal consists of 14 conventional submarines.
- Of the 14 conventional submarines India currently possesses, including the Scorpene, only half are operational at any given point in time.
- The INS Arighat is a nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine, is to be commissioned soon.
Find the complete list of Indian Navy Admirals in the linked article.
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Submarines under Project 75
- Project 75 is a programme by the Indian Navy that envisaged building six Scorpene-Class attack submarines.
- The Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) is manufacturing six Scorpene submarines with technical assistance from the Naval Group of France.
- Submarines of the Ongoing Project-75:
- Three submarines INS Kalavari, INS Khanderi and INS Kharanj have been commissioned into the Indian Navy.
- Trials of 4th and 5th submarines, the INS Vela and INS Vagir are underway while the construction of the 6th Vagsheer is underway.
- The submarines under Project-75 Scorpene-Class are powered by diesel-electric propulsion systems.
About Scorpene-Class Submarines
- The Scorpene-class submarines are one of the most advanced conventional submarines in the world.
- The submarine has superior stealth features, such as low radiated noise levels, advanced acoustic silencing techniques and the ability to attack with precision-guided weapons on board.
- The Indian Navy intends to use the submarines for missions such as intelligence gathering, area surveillance, anti-surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare and minelaying operations.
- The submarines are armed with six torpedo-launching tubes, 18 heavy weapons, tube-launched MBDA SM-39 Exocet anti-ship missiles and precision-guided weapons.
- It can launch crippling attacks on the surface and underwater enemy targets.
- Moreover, the attack submarines can travel at a maximum submerged speed of approximately 20 knots and have the ability to remain submerged for 21 days.
- These Submarines have a diving depth of more than 350 m.
- The Scorpene class of submarines were designed by French naval shipbuilding firm DCNS in partnership with Spanish shipbuilding firm Navantia.
Significance of Project 75
- It is one of the Largest ‘Make in India’ Projects. It will facilitate faster and more significant absorption of technology and create a tiered industrial ecosystem for submarine construction in India.
- It Ensures Self-Reliance and reduces current dependence on imports and gradually ensures the dependability of supplies from indigenous sources.
- It acts as a deterrence mechanism to counter China and Pakistan and to protect Indo-Pacific :
- According to the Indian Navy, the Pakistan Navy is estimated to have 10 submarines, of which 5 French-origin Agosta 90B class (Khalid class) conventional vessels are fully operational.
- Pakistan has signed an agreement to purchase eight conventional submarines with China.
- It is estimated that China’s People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) has nine SSNs and four Jin-class SSBNs.
- Estimates also suggest China has a fleet of 40-plus diesel-electric submarines beset by maintenance issues.
Find the List of Joint Military Exercises of the Indian Army in the linked article
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