10 Jun 2023: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 10 June 2023:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
GOVERNANCE
1. Piped potable water across India
C. GS 3 Related
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
ECONOMY
1. The necessity of electricity distribution companies
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. A pragmatic approach, for better India-Nepal ties
F. Prelims Facts
G. Tidbits
1. Madras High Court on Import of Dogs
2. Shannon Power Project
3. Jaipur Foot
4. India, France and UAE Maritime Partnership Exercise
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

2. Shannon Power Project

  • Amid the ongoing dispute between Punjab and Himachal Pradesh over the lease of the Shanan Hydropower Project, the Himachal Pradesh government has announced that it will not renew or extend the lease and insists on taking over the project before the lease period ends. 
    • On the other hand, the Punjab government is determined to retain control and is prepared to seek legal recourse if necessary.
  • Currently, the project is under the control of the Punjab government, but its lease is set to expire in March 2024.

Read more on Shannon Power Project in the link.

3. Jaipur Foot

  • The Bhagwan Mahaveer Viklang Sahayata Samiti (BMVSS), known for creating the Jaipur Foot, has extended an offer to provide artificial limbs free of charge to individuals who lost their legs in the recent triple train collision in Odisha. 
  • The Jaipur foot, also referred to as the Jaipur leg, is a prosthetic leg designed for individuals who have undergone below-knee amputations. 
  • Created in 1968 by Ram Chandra Sharma and orthopaedic surgeon P. K. Sethi, it offers an affordable and versatile option for prostheses, despite being less advanced than carbon fibre alternatives.
  • Composed of a rubber core, wooden block, and vulcanised rubber coating, the Jaipur foot is a flexible artificial foot that enables sufficient dorsiflexion, allowing amputees to squat. 
  • However, its use is primarily limited to household activities and limited community ambulation, as it is not suitable for high-impact sports or traversing uneven terrain.
  • It is commonly used in low-income countries and warzones as a low-cost alternative to conventional prosthetics. It was used during the war in Afghanistan to help treat land mine victims.
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Image Source: WeCapable

4. India, France and UAE Maritime Partnership Exercise

  • The navies of India, France, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) recently conducted their first-ever trilateral maritime partnership exercise in the Gulf of Oman.
  • India participated in the exercise by deploying its stealth frigate INS Tarkash, showcasing its commitment to the joint training initiative.
  • The exercise involved the exchange of personnel, allowing for the sharing of best practices and promoting cooperation among the participating navies.
  • This joint training exercise has further strengthened the maritime bonds between the three nations’ navies, enhancing their ability to work together in addressing both conventional and unconventional threats in the maritime domain.
  • By ensuring the safety of mercantile trade and promoting freedom of navigation in the region’s high seas, this exercise has bolstered interoperability among the participating navies, contributing to a more secure maritime environment.
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Image Source: WorldAtlas

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with respect to Governor: (Level-Medium)
  1. With regard to Money bills, he may give his assent to the bill, he may withhold his assent and he may return the bill for reconsideration of the house.
  2. He cannot pardon a death sentence.
  3. He can nominate one member to the state legislative assembly from the Anglo-Indian community.

How many of the above statements are correct?

  1. Only one
  2. Only two
  3. All three
  4. None
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation: 

  • The Governor cannot return a money bill to the state legislature for reconsideration.
  • Article 331 and Article 333 of the Indian Constitution allowed for the nomination of two Anglo-Indians to the Lok Sabha and State Legislature, respectively, but that was done away with through the 104th Amendment Act.
Q2. With respect to the State Election Commission, which of the following statements 
is/are correct? (Level-Easy)
  1. It consists of a State Election commissioner to be appointed by the Governor.
  2. He shall not be removed from office except in the manner and on the grounds prescribed for the removal of a judge of the State High Court.

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both
  4. None
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation: 

  • Article 243K(1) of the Constitution states that the superintendence, direction and control of the preparation of electoral rolls for, and the conduct of, all elections to the Panchayats (Municipalities under Article 243ZA) shall be vested in a State Election Commission consisting of a State Election Commissioner to be appointed by the Governor.
  • Article 243K(2) states that the tenure and appointment will be directed as per the law made by the state legislature. However, the State Election Commissioner shall not be removed from his/her office except in like manner and on the like grounds as a Judge of a High Court.
Q3. Consider the following statements: (Level-Difficult)
  1. El Niño typically favours stronger hurricane activity in the central and eastern Pacific basins, and suppresses it in the Atlantic basin.
  2. El Niño and La Niña affect both the ocean and the atmosphere.
  3. La Niña refers to a band of warmer water spreading from west to east in the equatorial Pacific Ocean.

How many of the above statements are correct?

  1. Only one
  2. Only two
  3. All three
  4. None
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation: 

  • Statement 01 is correct, El Niño favours stronger hurricane activity in the central and eastern Pacific basins, and suppresses it in the Atlantic basin. Conversely, La Niña suppresses hurricane activity in the central and eastern Pacific basins, and enhances it in the Atlantic basin.

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  • Statement 02 is correct, El Niño and La Niña produce important consequences for people and ecosystems across the globe. The interactions between the ocean and atmosphere alter weather around the world and can result in severe storms or mild weather, drought or flooding.
  • Statement 03 is incorrect, La Niña occurs when the band of water spreads east to west and is cooler. 

Read more on El Nino and La Nina.

Q4. Minimum Support Price (MSP) is given to which of the following crops? (Level-Medium)
  1. Paddy
  2. Groundnut
  3. Raw Jute
  4. Sunflower Seed
  5. Ragi

Options:

  1. 1, 2 and 3 only
  2. 3, 4 and 5 only
  3. 1, 2, 4 and 5 only
  4. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation: 

  • Government announces minimum support prices (MSPs) for 22 mandated crops and fair and remunerative prices (FRP) for sugarcane. 
  • The mandated crops are 14 crops of the kharif season, 6 rabi crops and two other commercial crops. 
  • In addition, the MSPs of toria and de-husked coconut are fixed on the basis of the MSPs of rapeseed/mustard and copra, respectively. The list of crops are as follows.
    • Paddy, wheat, barley, jowar, bajra, maize, ragi, gram, arhar/tur, moong, urad, lentil, groundnut, rapeseed/mustard, toria, soyabean, sunflower seed, sesamum, safflower seed and niger seed
    • Raw cotton, Raw jute, Copra, De-husked coconut, Sugarcane (Fair and remunerative price), Virginia flu cured (VFC) tobacco.
Q5. What is the difference between Bluetooth and Wi-Fi devices? (Level-Difficult) 
(PYQ-CSE-2011)
  1. Bluetooth uses 2.4 GHz radio frequency band, whereas-Wi-Fi can use 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz frequency band
  2. Bluetooth is used for Wireless Local Area Networks (WLAN) only, whereas Wi-Fi is used for Wireless Wide Area Networks (WWAN) only
  3. When information is transmitted between two devices using Blue-tooth technology, the devices have to be in the line of sight of each other, but when Wi-Fi technology is used the devices need not be in the line of sight of each other
  4. The statements 1 and 2 given above are correct in this context
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation: 

  • Bluetooth works by using radio frequencies, rather than the infrared spectrum used by traditional remote controls. As a result, Bluetooth eliminates the need not only for a wired connection but also for maintaining a clear line of sight to communicate between devices.
  • The communication distance of Bluetooth is around 10 m or less, whereas the communication distance of Wi-Fi is several hundred metres. Both Bluetooth and Wi-Fi technology do not need a direct line of sight for information transmission. 

CNA 10 June 2023:- Download PDF Here

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