27 May 2023: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 27 May 2023:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. Only six religion options make it to next Census form
C. GS 3 Related
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
POLITY
1. Sedition and its roots in rudeness as an offence
2. A fountainhead of the people’s hopes and aspirations
F. Prelims Facts
1. Indus Waters Treaty: Centre advises J&K to scale up efforts for ‘better utilisation’
2. Navy, ISRO release training plan for Gaganyaan crew
3. Bhutan, China claim progress in boundary expert group talks
G. Tidbits
1. Union Food Ministry counters Cong., says fortified rice is safe
2. Darjeeling to join the list of most polluted cities of West Bengal, reveals study
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

2. Navy, ISRO release training plan for Gaganyaan crew

Syllabus: GS 2- Science and Technology.

Prelims: Gaganyaan.

  • The Indian Navy and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) issued the Gaganyaan Recovery Training Plan at the Water Survival Training Facility (WSTF) at INS Garuda, Kochi.
    • The plan elaborates on training for recovery of the crew module of the mission.
    • It includes all the requirements of various teams like divers, MARCOs (marine commandos), medical specialists, communicators, etc.
  • It is a significant development in the context of India’s Gaganyaan mission.
  • It is estimated that human flight (after two unmanned flights) will be launched in the fourth quarter of 2024.
    • The uncrewed ‘G1’ mission will be launched in the last quarter of 2023.
    • It would be followed by another uncrewed (G2) mission in the second quarter of 2024.
    • Ultimately, the human space flight ‘H1’ mission will be launched.
  • Notably, the manned recovery is planned in an incremental phase beginning from unmanned recovery to manned recovery in harbour and open sea conditions.
  • The astronauts for the Gagayaan mission are currently undergoing training at Bengaluru.

For details on Gaganyaan, read here: Gaganyaan Mission [ISRO & Navy Undertake Water Survival Test Facility]

3. Bhutan, China claim progress in boundary expert group talks

Syllabus: GS 2- International Relations.

Prelims: Bhutan-China relations.

  • The 12th Expert Group Meeting (EGM) between Bhutan and China was held in Thimphu (Bhutan).
  • It should be noted that the 11th EGM was held in Kunming (January 2023).
  • Bhutan and China stated that they had made more progress in implementing a “three-step roadmap” in resolving their boundary dispute.
  • They also reiterated the significance of increasing the frequency of meetings.
  • The 12th meeting shortly after the 11th EGM indicates rapid development in talks. 
  • However, no breakthrough was announced in setting the date for the next (25th) round of boundary talks, which was last held in 2016.
    • It was suspended due to a military standoff at Doklam.

G. Tidbits

1. Union Food Ministry counters Cong., says fortified rice is safe

  • The opposition party (Congress) has alleged that fortified rice is being distributed despite multiple warnings against it.
  • The Union Food Ministry has countered the claims citing various studies that showed that consumption of fortified rice led to significant improvement in haemoglobin levels and reduction of anaemia.
  • The Ministry further stated that seven countries including the U.S. (since 1958) have adopted rice fortification.
  • Several institutes/organizations including NITI Aayog in collaboration with the Indian Council of Medical Research are evaluating some pilot districts for the impact of iron-fortified rice.
  • Notably, iron-fortified rice is supplied to poor citizens through various public safety net programmes like PDS, mid-day meals, etc.

Also read: Rice Fortification – Definition, Causes & Effects [UPSC Notes]

2. Darjeeling to join the list of most polluted cities of West Bengal, reveals study

  • According to a study, Darjeeling is on the way to becoming one of the most polluted cities in West Bengal.
  • It has raised concerns for policymakers as it is a popular tourist destination in the eastern Himalayas.
  • It would soon become a non-attainment city.
  • The six non-attainment cities of West Bengal are Asansol, Durgapur, Kolkata, Howrah, Haldia, and Barrackpore.
  • The research analyzed PM10 levels from 2009 to 2021. The concentrations exceeded 70 micrograms per cubic metre of air, surpassing the Indian standard of 60 micrograms per cubic metre.
  • The factors responsible for pollution are dust transport from the Indo-Gangetic plain, coal combustion, etc.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. With respect to the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM), which of the 
following statements is/are correct? (Level- Moderate)
  1. CBAM is a policy tool introduced by the EU to reduce carbon emissions by imposing a carbon tax on imported products, ensuring that they are subject to the same carbon costs as products produced within the EU.
  2. It is part of the EU’s “Fit for 55 in 2030 package” to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels.

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both
  4. None
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct: CBAM is introduced by the EU to reduce carbon emissions by imposing a carbon tax on imported products, ensuring that they are subject to the same carbon costs as products produced within the EU.
  • Statement 2 is correct: It is part of the EU’s “Fit for 55 in 2030 package” to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels.
Q2. The Strategic Petroleum Reserves (SPR) facilities are established in which of the
following locations? (Level- Difficult)
  1. Chennai
  2. Mangaluru 
  3. Mumbai
  4. Padur
  5. Vishakhapatnam 

Options:

  1. 1, 2 and 3 only
  2. 2, 4 and 5 only
  3. 1, 3, 4 and 5 only
  4. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserve Limited (ISPRL), a Government of India Special Purpose Vehicle, has established Strategic Petroleum Reserves (SPR) facilities at 3 locations, namely Vishakhapatnam, Mangaluru, and Padur.
Q3. Consider the following statements with respect to Union Public Service Commission
(UPSC): (Level- Easy)
  1. The UPSC comprises of a chairman and ten members. Each member holds office for a tenure of 5 years or till he becomes the age of 65 years.
  2. While making reservations of appointments or posts in favour of any backward class of citizens UPSC is consulted. 
  3. The Chairman and members of UPSC are not eligible for further employment in the Government of India or a State.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. None
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation: 

  • Statement 1 is not correct: The UPSC comprises of a chairman and ten members. The President of India appoints the UPSC Chairman and other members. Each member holds office for a tenure of 6 years or till he becomes the age of 65 years.
  • Statement 2 is not correct:  UPSC is not consulted for making reservations of post in favor of backward classes. 
  • Statement 3 is not correct: Any person who has once held the office as a member of a Public Service Commission is ineligible for reappointment to that office. However, they are eligible for appointment as the Chairman or any other member of the UPSC or SPSC.
Q4. Which of the following statements is/are incorrect with respect to XPoSat?
(Level- Difficult)
  1. XPoSat will study various dynamics of bright astronomical X-ray sources in extreme conditions
  2. It has been billed as India’s first, and only the world’s second polarimetry mission that is meant to study various dynamics of bright astronomical X-ray sources in extreme conditions. 

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both
  4. None
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation: 

  • Statement 1 is correct: XPoSat will study various dynamics of bright astronomical X-ray sources in extreme conditions.
  • Statement 2 is correct: It is India’s first, and only the world’s second polarimetry mission that is meant to study various dynamics of bright astronomical X-ray sources in extreme conditions. 
Q5.   With reference to micro-irrigation, which of the following statements is/are 
correct? (Level- Easy)
  1. Fertilizer/nutrient loss can be reduced.
  2. It is the only means of irrigation in dry land farming.
  3. In some areas of farming, the receding of the groundwater table can be checked.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation: 

  • Statement 1 is correct: Micro-irrigation helps in reducing fertilizer and nutrient loss.
  • Statement 2 is incorrect: It is not the only means of irrigation in dry land farming.
  • Statement 3 is correct: It helps in reducing groundwater depletion.

Read the previous CNA here.

CNA 27 May 2023:- Download PDF Here

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