01 Oct 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

1 Oct 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. Crimes against Scheduled Tribes saw 26% rise in 2019: NCRB report
C. GS 3 Related
ECONOMY
1. Govt retains Rs. 12-lakh cr. borrowing plan
2. 'New farm laws are a clear encroachment on State functions'
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Time to shift focus to the maritime sphere
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. Is one language enough?
F. Prelims Facts
G. Tidbits
1. Fermented liquid to stop crop burning
2. Incentive for not burning stubble unviable: EPCA
3. Southwest monsoon ends with 8% surplus
4. Ideal weight of Indian men, women redefined
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

2. ‘New farm laws are a clear encroachment on State functions’

This topic has been covered in the 27th Sep 2020 CNA – Farm Bills: Who gains and who loses.  

2. Incentive for not burning stubble unviable: EPCA

What’s in News?

The Supreme Court-appointed Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority, has said that the inclusion of the cost of stubble removal in MSP may not be a viable option.

  • It has been found that giving an incentive of ₹100 per quintal of paddy to farmers for not burning stubble may not be a viable option.
  • The report points out that effort should be towards making the machines for straw management affordable and accessible.
  • In 2019 Punjab and Haryana had given incentives to farmers for not burning stubble.

3. Southwest monsoon ends with 8% surplus

What’s in News?

The southwest monsoon has ended with an 8.7% surplus.

  • The figures have surpassed the estimates by the India Meteorological Department (IMD).
  • This is also the first time since 2010 that India has got more than 100% of its long period average (LPA) of 88 cm in consecutive years.
  • India has not got over 105% of the LPA in consecutive years in at least 30 years.
  • In 2019, India saw record rainfall of 110% of the LPA, the highest in a quarter-century.

Reasons for surplus rainfall:

  • The heavy rains in 2020 have been attributed to several long-lasting low-pressure systems in the Bay of Bengal that fuelled heavy rain over large swathes of India in August 2020.
  • A developing La Nina, the converse of an El Nino, contributed to generous rain this year.

Read more about El-Nino, La-Nina & ENSO.

4. Ideal weight of Indian men, women redefined

What’s in News?

The ideal weight of Indian men and women has been redefined based on the latest nationally representative data sourced from the National Family Health Survey-4 (NFHS-4, 2015-16), the National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (NNMB, 2015-16), the World Health Organisation (WHO, 2006-07) and the Indian Academy of Paediatrics (IAP 2015).

Details:

  • The ICMR-National Institute of Nutrition (NIN) has redefined the ideal or reference Indian adult man and woman with regard to age 19-39 years instead of 20-39 years.
  • The body weight has been put at 65 kg for men and 55 kg for women (earlier 60 kg and 50 kg respectively).
  • The ‘Recommended Dietary Allowances’ and ‘Nutrient Requirements’ report prepared by NIN includes Estimated Average Requirements (EARs) and Tolerable Upper Limits of nutrients for the first time.

Recommended Dietary Allowance:

  • Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) are daily dietary nutrient intake levels which would be sufficient to meet the nutrient requirements of nearly all healthy individuals while EARs are the average daily nutrient intake levels of the population.
  • The cereal-legume-milk composition of the diet; visible fat intake for sedentary, moderate and heavy activity, fiber based on energy intake, sodium and potassium intake, etc. have been recommended.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Which of the following could be the reason/s for Current Account Deficit?
  1. Overvalued exchange rate
  2. Increase in exports
  3. Long periods of consumer-led economic growth
  4. High inflation

Choose the correct option:

  1. 1, 3 and 4 only
  2. 2, 3 and 4 only
  3. 2 only
  4. 1 and 4 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • The current account deficit is a measurement of a country’s trade where the value of the goods and services it imports exceeds the value of its exports.
  • If the currency is overvalued, imports will be cheaper, and therefore there will be a higher quantity of imports resulting in a Current Account Deficit.
  • One of the reasons for the Current Account Surplus is an increase in exports.
  • A period of consumer-led economic growth will cause deterioration in the current account. Higher consumer spending will lead to higher spending on imports. The recession of 2009 also led to a temporary improvement in the deficit as consumers cut back on spending.
  • If a country’s inflation rises faster than its main competitors then it will make the exports less competitive and imports more competitive for that country. This will lead to deterioration in the current account.
Q2. Consider the following statements with respect to the Environment Pollution Control 
Authority (EPCA):
  1. EPCA is a Supreme Court-mandated body tasked with taking various measures to tackle air pollution in all the metropolitan cities across India.
  2. System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting And Research (SAFAR) is a national initiative introduced by EPCA.
  3. The body is constituted under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. None of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Environment Pollution Control Authority is a Supreme Court-mandated body tasked with taking various measures to tackle air pollution in the Delhi-NCR (National Capital Region).
  • The body is constituted under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
  • It is mandated to enforce the Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) in the Delhi-NCR (National Capital Region).
  • The System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting And Research (SAFAR) is a national initiative introduced by the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) to measure the air quality of a metropolitan city, by measuring the overall pollution level and the location-specific air quality of the city.
Q3. Which of the following have been given the Geographical Indication Tag?
  1. Sawantwadi toys
  2. Channapatna toys
  3. Etikoppaka toys
  4. Kondapalli toys
  5. Kinhal toys

Choose the correct option:

  1. 1, 2, 3 and 4 only
  2. 2, 3, 4 and 5 only
  3. 2, 3 and 5 only
  4. 2 and 4 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Channapatna toys – Karnataka, Etikoppa Toys and Kondapalli Bommalu (Toys) – Andhra Pradesh have been given the Geographical Indication Tag.
  • Sawantwadi toys refer to handmade works of art made of wood in Sawantwadi, a town in Sindhudurg district of Maharashtra.
  • To mark the occasion of 151 years of postcards in India, Maharashtra Circle of India Post will release picture postcards on ‘Sawantwadi Toys’. The postcard is inspired by the Prime Minister’s speech on the country’s ability to become a “toy hub”.
Q4. Consider the following statements with respect to BrahMos:
  1. It is a supersonic cruise missile developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation of India (DRDO) and Russia.
  2. It is a two-stage missile with a solid propellant engine in the first stage and a liquid ramjet in the second.
  3. It can be launched from land, air, and sea.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. 1 and 2 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • BrahMos is a joint venture between the Defence Research and Development Organisation of India (DRDO) and the NPOM of Russia.
  • Brahmos is named after the rivers Brahmaputra of India and Moskva of Russia.
  • BrahMos is a two-stage missile with a solid propellant booster engine as its first stage which brings it to supersonic speed and then gets separated. The liquid ramjet or the second stage then takes the missile closer to 3 Mach speed in cruise phase.
  • It can be launched from land, air, and sea.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. With India’s excessive focus on the continental sphere since Independence not having yielded great returns, the time has come for a shift in its strategic approach to the maritime sphere. Evaluate. (15 Marks, 250 Words) (GS 2 International Relations).
  2. What are the issues associated with prioritising a single language in multi-lingual India? Discuss the need for preserving India’s linguistic diversity. (15 Marks, 250 Words) (GS 2 Polity and Governance).

Read the previous CNA here.

1 Oct 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

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