16 Oct 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

16 Oct 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. BARC suspends ratings of all news channels
C. GS 3 Related
ECONOMY
1. GST: Centre to borrow for States
2. ‘Latest stimulus to have minimal growth impact’
SECURITY
1. IFF questions India’s move to seek encryption access
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. The message in the Peace Nobel — multilateralism
FOOD SECURITY
1. The road to zero hunger by 2030
DISASTER MANAGEMENT
1. Dealing with a deluge
F. Prelims Facts
1. Zoo revives scheme for animal adoption
G. Tidbits
1. U.S. warship in Taiwan Strait enrages China
2. No end to violence against women: SC
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

2. ‘Latest stimulus to have minimal growth impact’

Context:

According to Moody’s Investors Service – a rating agency, the government’s latest fiscal stimulus measures will have a minimal impact on India’s growth prospects.

Background:

In order to spur fresh demand of about ₹1 lakh crore in the second half of 2020-21, the Union Finance Minister unveiled a mini-stimulus of sorts.

This has been covered in 13th October 2020 Comprehensive News Analysis.

Details:

  • The rating agency opined that the stimulus measures will provide only a small boost.
  • It stressed that the small scale of stimulus is actually a credit negative as it reflects the country has ‘limited budgetary firepower to support the economy’.
  • Moody’s observed that India’s very weak fiscal position has constrained its scope for discretionary stimulus spending in response to the coronavirus shock.
  • The two rounds of stimulus bring the government’s direct spending on coronavirus-related fiscal support to around 1.2% of GDP, while the average spending by 13 Baa-rated nations is 2.5% of GDP as of June 2020.
    • India’s rating is Baa3 negative – following a downgrade from Baa2 negative in June 2020.

Category: SECURITY

1. IFF questions India’s move to seek encryption access

Context:

Internet Freedom Foundation (IFF) has questioned the Indian government’s move to join five other countries, including the US, in calling on tech companies to allow backdoor access to encrypted communication.

Background:

  • The UK Home Department issued a joint statement signed by the governments of Australia, Canada, India, Japan, New Zealand and the United States calling on tech companies to work with governments and find solutions to ensure the safety of citizens, without eroding user privacy or cybersecurity.
  • It has demanded that tech firms build backdoors to deal with ‘significant challenges to public safety’ posed by end-to-end encryption.
  • It was opined that while encryption is vital and privacy and cybersecurity must be protected, it should not come at the expense of wholly precluding law enforcement, and the tech industry itself, from being able to act against the most serious illegal content and activities online.

Details:

  • IFF has filed an RTI with the Ministries of Home Affairs, External Affairs and Electronics & IT asking if any legal opinion was sought before becoming a signatory and whether the government plans to introduce any legislation pursuant to becoming a signatory.
  • IFF is a digital rights advocacy group.

Note:

  • In the recent past, the Centre had demanded that WhatsApp help it trace the origin of fake messages.
  • However, the demand was turned down by WhatsApp, which pointed out such a move would undermine the privacy of users.

This topic has been covered in 4th October 2020 Comprehensive News Analysis.

G. Tidbits

1. U.S. warship in Taiwan Strait enrages China

What’s in News?

A U.S. warship – the guided-missile destroyer USS Barry, sailed through the Taiwan Strait in what the American military described as a routine passage.

  • The U.S Pacific fleet said that the ship’s transit through the Taiwan Strait demonstrates the U.S. commitment to a free and open Indo-Pacific.
  • The move enraged China, which claims sovereignty over the island and surrounding seas.
  • Ties between Beijing and Washington have deteriorated over issues including trade and Hong Kong, with the self-ruled island of Taiwan a long-running source of tension.

2. No end to violence against women: SC

What’s in News?

The Supreme Court said that crimes against women continued in a never-ending cycle in India.

  • The Bench led by Justice Ashok Bhushan said women in India faced violence and discrimination in one form or the other in their various roles as daughter, sister, wife, mother, partner or single woman.
  • The court asserted that women continue to be vulnerable to these crimes because of non-retaliation, coupled with the absence of laws addressing their rights and ignorance of the existing statutes. Societal attitude, stigma and conditioning also made women vulnerable to domestic violence.
  • The Bench said domestic violence continued to be the least reported form of violence towards women.
  • However, the judgment called the 2005 law against domestic harassment – a milestone.
  • These set of circumstances ensured that a majority of women preferred to suffer in silence, not out of choice but of compulsion the bench said.
  • It said that the progress of any society depended on its ability to protect and promote the rights of women.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements:
  1. It is a classical dance form that was initially practiced by male dancers only.
  2. It includes a display of dexterity of the dancer’s footwork through techniques such as dancing on the rim of a brass plate and with a pitcher full of water on the head.

The dance form being talked about is:

  1. Bharatanatyam
  2. Mohiniattam
  3. Kuchipudi
  4. Sattriya
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

Self-explanatory.

Q2. Consider the following statements with respect to Nandankanan Zoological Park:
  1. It is located in Tamil Nadu.
  2. It is the first zoo in India to become a member of the World Association of Zoos & Aquariums (WAZA).
  3. It is recognized as a leading zoo for the breeding of the Indian pangolin and white tiger.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 only
  4. None of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

Nandankanan Zoological Park is located in Odisha. It is the first zoo in India to become a member of the World Association of Zoos & Aquariums (WAZA). It is recognized as a leading zoo for the breeding of the Indian pangolin and white tiger.

Q3. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched?
  1. Sustainable Development Goal 1: No Poverty
  2. Sustainable Development Goal 2: Gender Equality
  3. Sustainable Development Goal 5: Quality Education
  4. Sustainable Development Goal 7: Affordable and clean energy

Choose the correct option:

  1. 1 and 4 only
  2. 1, 2 and 4 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

Sustainable development goals

SDG 1 No Poverty

 

SDG 7 Affordable and Clean Energy

 

SDG 13 Climate Action

 

SDG 2 Zero Hunger

 

SDG 8 Decent Work and Economic Growth

 

SDG 14 Life Below Water

 

SDG 3 Good Health and Well-being

 

SDG 9 Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

 

SDG 15 Life on Land

 

SDG 4 Quality Education

 

SDG 10 Reduced Inequality

 

SDG 16 Peace and Justice Strong Institutions

 

SDG 5 Gender Equality

 

SDG 11 Sustainable Cities and Communities

 

SDG 17 Partnerships to achieve the Goal

 

SDG 6 Clean Water and Sanitation

 

SDG 12 Responsible Consumption and Production

 

Q4. Consider the following statements with respect to Formosa Strait:
  1. It separates Taiwan and mainland China.
  2.  It is a part of the South China Sea and connects to the Sea of Japan to the north.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Formosa Strait, also known as Taiwan Strait, separates Taiwan and mainland China.
  • The strait is currently part of the South China Sea and connects to the East China Sea to the north.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. The increasing global integration without the commensurate strengthening of global solidarity is a cause of concern. Discuss the significance of multilateralism in current circumstances and also enumerate the impeding factors. (15 marks, 250 words) (GS paper 2/International Relations)
  2. Despite impressive progress over the years, more than two billion people globally still lack access to sufficient, nutritious and safe food. Identify the factors responsible and suggest suitable measures required to meet the target of zero hunger by 2030. (15 marks, 250 words)(GS Paper 3/Food security)

Read the previous CNA here.

16 Oct 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

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