28 Sep 2021: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

Sept 28th, 2021, CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. PM launches health ID for every citizen
2. Right to govt. aid not fundamental right: SC
3. Karnataka directed to release ‘some quantity’ of water to T.N.
C. GS 3 Related
ECONOMY
1. Jobs up 29% since 2013, says survey
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. The Quad could end up running out of steam
DISASTER MANAGEMENT
1. High water
ECONOMY
1. Revitalising PM-KUSUM
F. Prelims Facts
1. DRDO tests Akash Prime missile
2. Army trying to fix issues with indigenous guns
G. Tidbits
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

2. Right to govt. aid not fundamental right: SC

Context:

Supreme Court ruling stating that the right to government aid is not a Fundamental Right.

Details:

  • In a ruling, the SC held that the right of an institution, whether run by a majority or minority community, to receive government aid is not a fundamental right.
  • It said that all conditions that have relevance to the proper utilisation of the grant-in-aid by an educational institution can be imposed by the government. It also asserted an institution receiving aid is bound by the conditions imposed and therefore expected to comply with the rules.
  • The Bench said that if the government made a policy call to withdraw aid, an institution cannot question the decision as a matter of right.
  • The court added that an institution can never be allowed to say that the grant of aid should be on its own terms.
  • It added that when an institution is not satisfied with the government’s aid, it can deny the grant and move forward on its own. But, it is not allowed to ask for a grant of aid on its own terms.

3. Karnataka directed to release ‘some quantity’ of water to T.N.

Context:

The Cauvery Water Management Authority (CWMA) has directed Karnataka to immediately release some quantity of water towards making good the shortfall in the realisation of Tamil Nadu’s share of Cauvery water.

Details:

  • Cauvery dispute is the longest and most bitter inter-state water dispute that has been fought post-independence.
  • It has been more than three decades since the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal was constituted.
  • The Cauvery Water Management Authority (CMA) was constituted on the directions of the Supreme Court to address the dispute over sharing of river water among Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala and Puducherry.
  • The release should be as per the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal’s decision of 2007, which was modified by the Supreme Court in 2018.

Mandate of Cauvery Water Management Authority

  • To monitor the storage, apportion shares, supervise operation of reservoirs and regulate water releases with assistance of the regulating authority.
  • The authority has also been tasked to advise the states to take suitable measures to improve water use efficiency, by way of promoting micro-irrigation (drip and sprinkler), change in cropping pattern, improved agronomic practices, system deficiency correction and command area development.
  • Cauvery Water Management Authority also looks at regulated release of water by Karnataka, at the inter-state contact point located on the common border of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

2. Army trying to fix issues with indigenous guns

What’s in News?

Director-General of Artillery has said that the army is working with Ordnance Factory Board (OFB), Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) on indigenous artillery gun programmes.

  • A lot of hand-holding has been done by the Army, both for ATAGS and Dhanush.

Advanced Towed Array Gun System (ATAGS):

  • The ATAGS is a 155mm, 52-calibre heavy artillery gun jointly developed by the DRDO in partnership with Bharat Forge and the Tata Group.

Dhanush artillery gun:

  • The Dhanush artillery gun is being developed by the OFB based on the original drawings of the Swedish Bofors guns. It is an upgrade of the Bofor Guns.
  • It is a 155 mm, 45-calibre towed artillery gun with a range of 36 km and has demonstrated a range of 38 km with specialised ammunition.
  • It is an upgrade of the existing 155m, 39-calibre Bofors FH 77 gun.
  • It is compatible with all North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) 155 mm ammunition systems.

Note:

  • Under the Field Artillery Rationalisation Programme (FARP) promulgated after the Kargil conflict in 1999, the Army envisaged procuring close to 3,000 guns of various types.
  • Under this the towed guns will be the mainstay of the Army and artillery is being standardised to 155mm standard.

G. Tidbits

Nothing here for today!!!

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q.1 Which of the following statements is/are correct?
  1. Article 30 of the Constitution of India deals with the right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.
  2. It applies to both religious and linguistic minorities.
  3. The right of such educational institutions to receive government aid is a fundamental right.

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Article 30 of the Constitution of India deals with the right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions. It applies to both religious and linguistic minorities.
  • In a recent ruling, the Supreme Court made it clear that the right of educational institutions whether run by a majority or minority community to receive government aid is not a fundamental right.
  • It said that if the government made a policy call to withdraw aid, an institution cannot question the decision as a matter of right.
Q.2 Recently the term ‘Akash Prime’ was seen in the news. What does it refer to?
  1. A collaboration between Amazon Prime and the Education Ministry to run online classes
  2. A new version of the Akash surface-to-air missile developed by the DRDO
  3. A weather monitoring system deployed by India Meteorological Department
  4. An earth-observation satellite launched by ISRO for military applications
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • ‘Akash Prime’ is a new version of the Akash surface-to-air missile developed by the DRDO.
Q.3 Which of the following statements is/are correct?
  1. The Cauvery river dispute is between Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Puducherry.
  2. The sharing of the waters should be as per the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal’s decision of 2007, which was modified by the Supreme Court in 2018.
  3. The Central Government has notified the Cauvery Water Management Scheme which constitutes the ‘Cauvery Water Management Authority’ and the ‘Cauvery Water Regulation Committee’ to give effect to the court’s decision.

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • The Cauvery river dispute is a water-sharing dispute between Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Puducherry.
  • The sharing of the waters should be as per the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal’s decision of 2007, which was modified by the Supreme Court in 2018.
  • The Central Government has notified the Cauvery Water Management Scheme which constitutes the ‘Cauvery Water Management Authority’ and the ‘Cauvery Water Regulation Committee’ to give effect to the court’s decision.
Q.4 The Taiwan Strait connects –
  1. Strait of Malacca with Gulf of Thailand
  2. South China Sea with East China Sea
  3. Andaman Sea with Gulf of Thailand
  4. Indian Ocean with Pacific Ocean
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

The Taiwan Strait connects the South China Sea with the East China Sea.

Q5. Which of the following are the reasons/factors for exposure to benzene pollution?
  1.  Automobile exhaust
  2.  Tobacco smoke
  3.  Wood burning
  4.  Using varnished wooden furniture
  5.  Using products made of polyurethane

Select the correct answer using the given code below – [UPSC 2020]

  1. 1, 2 and 3 only
  2. 2 and 4 only
  3. 1, 3 and 4 only
  4. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

Benzene is an organic chemical compound (C₆H₆). Benzene is formed from both natural processes and human activities. Natural sources of benzene include volcanoes and forest fires.

Following are the reasons/factors for exposure to benzene pollution:

  •  Automobile exhaust
  •  Tobacco smoke
  •  Wood burning
  •  Using varnished wooden furniture
  •  Using products made of polyurethane

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. The QUAD has too many items on its agenda, and with the announcement of AUKUS, faces the danger of becoming a talk shop. Critically examine. (250 words; 15 marks) (GS 2 International Relations)
  2. India must create a social safety net to manage the fallout of cyclonic storms. Discuss. (250 words; 15 marks) (GS 3 Disaster Management)

Read the previous CNA here.

Sept 28th, 2021, CNA:- Download PDF Here

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