Polity is a significant topic for UPSC IAS Exam. In the UPSC IAS Prelims examination aspirants have to deal with Indian Polity. But in Civil services Mains Examination aspirants have to tackle questions regarding world polity such as the different kinds of constitutions, etc. Polity mainly deals with administration and governance. Without having a thorough knowledge of this subject, one cannot be successful in UPSC IAS exam as well as in his civil services career. It is essential to know the salient features as well as a comparison of different Constitutions.
Aspirants would find this article very helpful while preparing for the UPSC 2021.
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India is considered as the largest democracy in the world. It has a written constitution which is rigid and flexible in its nature. The architects of our country have borrowed several concepts and ideas from other constitutions such that Ireland, Australia, USA, UK, France, Germany, Russia, and Japan.
In the UPSC Mains exam, they have asked questions about the different constitutions in the world. Here we are giving a summary of the comparison of various constitutions.
|Features of Constitution||India||USA||UK||France||Germany||Russia||Japan|
|Unitary/ Federal||Federal with unitary bias||Federal||Unitary||Unitary||Federal||Federal||Unitary|
|Parliamentary/ Presidential Democracy||Parliamentary Democracy||Presidential Democracy||Parliamentary Democracy||Quasi Presidential and Quasi Prime ministerial||Parliamentary Republic||Semi Presidential||Parliamentary Democracy|
|Sovereignty of Parliament||Supremacy of Constitution||Supremacy of Constitution||Supremacy of Parliament||Parliament with limited power||Supremacy of Constitution|
|Republic/ Monarch/ Military||Republic||Republic||Constitutional monarchy||Republic||Republic||Republic||Constitutional monarchy|
|Not recognised||Recognised||Recognised||Recognised||Not recognised||Recognised||Not recognised|
|Due process of Law/Procedure established of law||Procedure established by law||Due process of Law||Rule of Law||Procedure established by law|
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