09 July 2018: UPSC Exam PIB Summary & Analysis

Read the daily PIB update and stay up-to-date on current affairs for the UPSC exam

PM, Korean President, inaugurate mobile manufacturing facility in Noida 

  • The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, and the President of the Republic of Korea, Mr. Moon Jae-in, today jointly inaugurated a large mobile manufacturing facility of Samsung India Electronics Pvt. Ltd, at Noida.
  • The Prime Minister said the investment of about Rs. 5000 crore, would not only strengthen Samsung’s business links with India, but is also significant in the context of the relationship between India and Korea.
  • He spoke of the expansion of smartphones, broadband and data connectivity, which he described as signs of a digital revolution in India.
  • He also spoke of the Government e-Marketplace (GeM), growth of digital transactions, BHIM App, and RuPay cards.
  • He said the ‘Make in India’ initiative is not just an economic policy measure, but also a resolve of better ties with friendly nations such as South Korea.
  • He said that there is an open invitation for businesses across the world, who want to take advantage of the transparent business culture of New India.
  • He said India’s growing economy, and rising neo middle class, create immense investment possibilities.


  • The Prime Minister noted that India now ranks second, globally, in the manufacture of mobile phones, with the number of mobile phone manufacturing factories rising from just 2, to 120, in about four years’ time. He said this has created lakhs of employment opportunities.


CIPET: Centre for Skilling & Technical Support (CSTS)

  • Union Minister for Chemicals & Fertilizers and Parliamentary Affairs, Shri Ananthkumar will be inaugurating the CIPET:  Centre for Skilling & Technical Support (CSTS) at ITI Building and laying the foundation stone of new Central Institute of Plastics Engineering &Technology (CIPET) Building at Doiwala, Dehradun.
  • The CIPET Centre at Doiwala will train and develop around 1000 students in the first yearof its operation through various skill development training programmes and subsequently Diploma level programmes.. 
  • The CIPET: CSTS at Dehradun is being established with a total project cost of  51.32 crorehaving funding support of Government and of India and Government of Uttarakhand on 50:50 basis.
  • CIPET, under the Department of Chemicals & Petrochemicals, Government of India, offers Diploma, Post Diploma, Post Graduate Diploma, Undergraduate, Post Graduate & Doctoral programmes in the entire gamut of plastics engineering and technology.
  • CIPET has established two Schools for Advanced Research in Polymers (SARP) – Advanced Research School for Technology & Product Simulation (ARSTPS) & Laboratory for Advanced Research in Polymeric Materials (LARPM).
  • These SARPs exclusively focus on application oriented sponsored research projects in the niche area of Polymer Science & Technology. 

Contribution of CIPET:

  1. Towards ‘Make in India, wherein plastics industries spread across the country are utilizing the Technology Support Services provided by CIPET to all key sectors of Indian economy viz., Agriculture, Automobiles, Aerospace, Building & Construction, Information Technology, Electrical & Electronics, Telecommunications, Defence, Medical, FMCG etc.
  2. Towards SWACCH BHARAT ABHIYAN-through organizing awareness programmes and seminars on plastics recycling & waste management, research and developmental activities aimed at cost effective environmental solutions for managing the plastics waste. As a part of CSR initiative, CIPET has constructed 25 toilets across the country for the benefit of the girl children.
  3. Implementing DIGITAL INDIA initiative through establishment of Video Conferencing Facilities, Wi-Fi connectivity at CIPET Campus, Digital Library and introduction of e-Learning programs for the benefit of student fraternity and the plastic industries.
  4. Contributing towards yet another initiative of Govt. of India – Start-up India”. Every year around 2-3 % of the students take-up entrepreneurship and they in-turn provide employment to thousands of youth.

Introduction of First Double Stack Dwarf Container Service from Rajkot Division, Western Railway 

  • Under the guidance of Shri Piyush Goyal, Minister of Finance, Corporate Affairs, Railways and Coal, in order to capture the lost traffic through new delivery model for domestic cargo, Indian Railways has introduced Double Stack Dwarf Container Services.
  • This train was booked from the Reliance Rail Siding at Kanalus to Rewari in the state of Haryana; it was loaded with 82 containers Polypropylene Granules. Due to this Double Stacked Dwarf Container service, Indian Railways has received increased revenue of Rs. 18.50 lakhs.
  • The Double Stacked Container is 6 ft 4 inches in height and can run on electrified tracks. Despite being smaller in size, the dwarf containers can hold a capacity of 30,500 kgs.
  • In comparison with regular containers, these containers are 662 mm short but 162 mm wider. The dwarf containers can hold a volume of approximately 67% more when compared to traditional containers.
  • Presently, due to its height, the regular double stack ISO containers can run only on few chosen routes on Indian Railways but these short-heighted Double Containers can run on most tracks very easily. These containers in double stack formation can run under 25kV overhead lines.
  • With the use of these double-stack dwarf containers, the cost of the unit will be significantly reduced due to the rail transport being cheaper than the road.
  • Currently, ‘Low Density Products’, such as plastic granules, PVC polyester fabric, white goods, FMCG products, polyethylene, auto car, etc. are being transported mostly by road, but due to the low cost of transportation in dwarf containers, Railways now offers a viable transport.
  • At the general freight rate, the double-stack dwarf container trains can generate more than 50% of the revenue.

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