|Group||Lanthanides||Melting point||1663°C, 3025°F, 1936 K|
|Period||6||Boiling point||3402°C, 6156°F, 3675 K|
|Block||f||Density (g cm−3)||9.84|
|Atomic number||71||Relative atomic mass||174.967|
|State at 20°C||Solid||Key isotopes||175Lu|
|Electron configuration||[Xe] 4f14 5d1 6S2||CAS number||7439-94-3|
|ChemSpider ID||22371||ChemSpider is a free chemical database|
- Lutetium with atomic number 71 is never found as a pure metal in nature. This metal is artificially produced by the reduction process of LuCl3 by any of the alkaline metals. It appears as silvery and white in color. Lutetium is one of the hardest metals coming in the list of lanthanides. This metal is stable in nature. It also possesses high density as well as a high melting point. It burns at a temperature of about 150 °C forming its oxides.
- This metal reacts with the lightest halogens forming tri-halides, which are soluble in water.
Lutetium is known to be used for commercial purposes as it is considered to be an expensive metal.
- It is used in the manufacture of memory devices, especially for gadolinium gallium garnet as a dopant.
- It is used as a catalyst in petroleum industries.
- This metal is widely used in the processes of hydrogenation, polymerization, and alkylation.
- It is used in the LED bulbs in the form of Phosphor.
- In the medical field, it is more useful in the targeted therapies to cure tumors.