Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha in India

When the Speaker of The Lok Sabha is temporarily absent, the Deputy Speaker serves as acting Speaker. In Lok Sabha, the Speaker has no control over the Deputy Speaker. During the past two years, the Lok Sabha lacked a Deputy Speaker. The Delhi High Court has asked the Central government to explain its stance on an appeal that claims that maintaining the position of Deputy Speaker of the lower house of Parliament India vacant is a violation of Article 93 of the Constitution.

Lawmakers need to watch over their actions and observe proper decorum when discussing and voting; otherwise, proper functionality will become impeded. The Speaker and Deputy Speaker are elected under Article 93 of the Indian Constitution.

  • The Speaker is responsible for answering questions while maintaining order to ensure that debate stays focused and relevant to a particular motion or bill under discussion.
  • The presiding officer of each House of the Parliament is different.
  • The Lok Sabha has a Speaker and a Deputy Speaker, whereas the Rajya Sabha has a Chairman and a Deputy Chairman.

In this article, candidates can get assistance with the UPSC exam preparation.

History

  • The Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of a place in India are known to have come into existence as early as 1921, following the requirements of the Government of India Act of 1919.
  • However, these very titles were President and Deputy President, respectively.
  • In 1935, the government passed an act that changed these nomenclatures to “Speaker” and “Deputy Speaker.”

Provisions of the Constitution

  1. Both Speaker and the Deputy Speaker are elected according to Article 93 of the Indian Constitution.
  2. Article 94 governs the Speaker’s and Deputy Speaker’s vacations, resignations, and expulsion from office.
  3. Article 95 grants the Deputy Speaker the authority to undertake the Speaker’s functions or act in their place.
  4. Article 96 of the by-laws highlights that the Speaker or the Deputy Speaker should take himself off their respective offices while a resolution for his removal is being discussed.

List of deputy speakers of Lok sabha

The list of Deputy Speaker of Lok sabha is given below:

No.

Deputy Speakers

1

M.A.Ayyangar

2

Hukam Singh

3

S. V. Krishnamoorthy Rao

4

Raghunath Keshav Khadilkar

5

George Gilbert Swell

6

Godey Murahari

7

G. Lakshmanan

8

M. Thambidurai

9

Shivraj Patil

10

S. Mallikarjunaiah

11

Suraj Bhan

12

Shri P.M. Sayeed

13

Charanjit Singh Atwal

14

Kariya Munda

Given below are a few other UPSC syllabus related links for exam preparation:

Election of Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha

  • Following the vote of the Speaker, the Lok Sabha elects the Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha India from among its members.
  • The Speaker sets a date for the Deputy Speaker’s election.
  • The Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha were normally appointed from the ruling party till the 10th Lok Sabha.
  • Since the 11th Lok Sabha, it has been settled that the Speaker will hail from the ruling party, while the Deputy Speaker will come from the leading opposing party.

Office Term and Removal of Deputy Speaker

  • The Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha normally serves the whole term (5 years) of the Lok Sabha.
  • The Deputy Speaker can resign sooner if any of the three major conditions are met:
  1. If they are no longer a Lok Sabha member.
  2. If they write to the Speaker and resigns.
  3. If he is impeached by a resolution voted by most of the Lok Sabha members at the time.
  • A resolution of this type can only be moved with 14 days’ notice.

Powers and Responsibilities of Deputy Speaker

  • When the Speaker’s office is unoccupied, the Deputy Speaker takes responsibility. The Deputy Speaker often fills in for the Speaker when they cannot attend a House meeting.
  • If the Speaker is unavailable, The Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha India holds power over a joint session of both Houses of Parliament.
  • Like the Speaker, they also get to cast the deciding vote if there is a tie during voting within Parliament or between both houses.
  • The Deputy Speaker enjoys only one special privilege compared with his fellow Speakers – anytime The Deputy Speaker is nominated to a legislative committee, they instantly become its chairman.

Also, IAS aspirants can read about the Powers of President of India at the linked article.

Also, aspirants should be updated with the Indian constitutional articles which are in the news as topics mentioned in the syllabus of UPSC Mains GS 2 are asked in the exam based on both theory and current affairs.

Other Related Links:

Frequently Asked Questions on Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha

Who was the first Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha?

The first Deputy speaker of Lok sabha is M.A.Ayyangar.

Who is the Speaker of Lok Sabha as of 2022?

Om Birla is the Speaker of Lok Sabha.

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