World Water Day

World Water Day is observed every year on March 22 in order to highlight the importance of drinking water.

The theme of each day focuses on topics relevant to clean Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), which is in line with the targets of Sustainable Development Goal 6.

World Water Day 2023 theme is about accelerating change to solve the water and sanitation crisis.

This article will give details regarding World Water Day within the context of the IAS Exam.

Candidates can refer to the links given below in line with the UPSC Syllabus for the prelims and mains examination:

National Water Mission Sustainable Development Goals
United Nations World Water Development Report Water Scarcity in India
Drinking-Water: Quality & Challenges: RSTV Environment (Protection) Act, 1986

Background of the World Water Day

The proposal for World Water Day was first proposed in Agenda 21 of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. In December 1992, the United Nations General Assembly passed the resolution to declare March 22 of each year as World Water Day.

Thus it was on March 22, 1993 first World Water Day was observed. The UN World Water Development Report (WWDR) is released each year around World Water Day.

UN-Water is the convener for World Water Day and selects the theme for each year in consultation with UN organizations that share an interest in that year’s focus.

Aspirants must go through the video on World Water Day at (11:37 minutes) for the latest context on the topic-

Activities during World Water Day

Non-governmental organizations active in the WASH sector, such as UNICEF, WaterAid and Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP), use the day to raise public awareness, get media attention for water issues and inspire action. Activities have included releasing publications and films, as well as organizing round tables, seminars and expositions.

End Water Poverty, a global civil society coalition with 250 partner organizations, sponsors Water Action Month each year and offers an event-planning guidebook.

The UN World Water Development Report (WWDR) is released each year on World Water Day. Information related to the annual theme gives decision-makers tools to implement sustainable use of water resources.

Daily News

Themes for World Water Day

The following table highlights the themes for World Water Day in the ensuing years

World Water Day (1994 – 2004)

1994 Caring for our Water Resources is Everybody’s Business
1995 Women and Water
1996 Water for Thirsty Cities
1997 The World’s Water: Is there enough?
1998 Groundwater– The Invisible Resource.
1999 Everyone Lives Downstream
2000 Water for the 21st century
2001 Water for Health
2002 Water for Development
2003 Water for Future
2004 Water and Disasters

World Water Day (2005 – 2014)

2005 Water for Life Decade 2005–2015.
2006 Water and Culture.
2007 Coping With Water Scarcity.
2008 Sanitation
2009 Trans Waters.
2010 Clean Water for a Healthy World
2011 Water for cities
2012 Water and Food Security
2013 International Year of Cooperation
2014 Water and Energy

World Water Day (2015 – 2023)

2015 Water and Sustainable Development
2016 Better Water, Better Jobs
2017 Why Waste Water?
2018 Nature for Water
2019 Leaving No One Behind
2020 Water and Climate Change
2021 Valuing Water
2022 Groundwater: Making the Invisible Visible
2023 Accelerating change to solve the water and sanitation crisis


Kickstart your IAS exam preparation and refer to the following links for assistance:

Impact of World Water Day

As per a recent report released by WHO in 2022-23, 1.4 million people die annually and 74 million will have their lives shortened by diseases related to poor water, sanitation and hygiene.

Every year, World Water Day campaign messages and publications reach millions of people through social media, dedicated websites and other channels. In 2021, the World Water Day public campaign invited people to take part in a social media conversation about the value of water. More than 6,000 public conversations took place in over 140 countries on social media from mid-November 2020 to mid-February 2021.

In 2017, 700 individual events were held in 110 countries and there were over 500,000 authors on social media using the hashtag ‘#WorldWaterDay’. In 2018, there was a 25% increase in both the number of website visits and the maximum potential reach on social media largely due to celebrity support and a coordinated communications approach across the United Nations.

For more information about upcoming Government Exams, visit the linked article. More exam-related preparation materials will be found through the links given below

Related Links

IAS Salary National Water Mission Environment And Ecology Notes For UPSC
Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 Environment & Ecology Questions in UPSC Mains GS-3 List of Environment Conventions and Protocols
United Nations (UN) Principal Organs Environment and Ecology Questions for UPSC Prelims GK Current Affairs Quiz


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