India has a larger rural population, and uplifting village people is essential to developing the rural economy. Therefore, different leaders have introduced several schemes during their course of leadership.
NREGA and PM-KISAN are schemes that enhance rural people’s living. This article comprises the differences between NREGA and PM-KISAN.
Candidates must also refer to the AIR Spotlight – PM Kisan Scheme and its Role in Farmers’ Welfare page for more details for IAS exam preparation.
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What are the Differences between NREGA and PM-KISAN?
The table below contains a brief comparison between MGNREGA and PM-KISAN yojana:
|Aspects||Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act||Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi|
|Launch Date||2nd February 2006||24th February 2019|
|Type||It is a centrally funded employment generation act that guarantees people’s “Right to Work” and empowers democracy.||It is a Central Sector Scheme with Government’s funding to enhance people’s living.|
|Benefits||MGNREGA provides a minimum of 100 days of employment with a guaranteed wage in a financial year.||PM-KISAN provides ₹ 6,000 to every family each year through equal instalments every 4 months.|
|Beneficiary||Adult unskilled labours from each family.||Farmer family having a maximum of 2 hectares of cultivable land.|
|Aim||MGNREGA aims to amplify livelihood security by providing employment.||PM-KISAN aims to produce income support through a targeted money transfer.|
|Drawback||The minimum wage rate is shallow in several states, even lower than those states’ minimum agricultural wage rate.||Landless people are not qualified for PM-KISAN but can earn through MGNREGA. In addition, the chances of the needy being deprived are high in this scheme.|
These were all essential details to show the differences between NREGA and PM-KISAN. Both these schemes have their own goals to benefit people’s livelihood and well-being and provide income security. However, MGNREGA stood out for being an all-inclusive program. On the other hand, PM-KISAN has been a successful scheme for targeted asset transfer.
Candidates can read about the Difference Between Articles for various subjects important from the perspective of civil services exam preparation at the linked article.
Given below are a few other related to IAS exam preparation:
- Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana
- Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana
- Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan-Dhan Yojana
- PM-KUSUM Scheme
- Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)
Candidates should follow the latest developments in Current Affairs related to other government schemes for their UPSC 2022 preparation.
For the latest exam updates, study material and preparation tips, visit BYJU’S.
Frequently Asked Questions on MGNREGA and PM-KISAN
Which type of landholders is not eligible for the PM-KISAN scheme?
All the Institutional Landholders are excluded from the PM-KISAN scheme’s eligible categories.
How many states have a lower NREGA wage rate than the minimum agricultural wage rate?
Ans. 17 states have a lower NREGA wage rate than those states’ minimum agricultural wage rate.