Family Planning Insurance Scheme

India is the first country that launched a National Family Planning Programme in 1952, emphasizing fertility regulation for reducing birth rates to the extent necessary to stabilize to the population at a level consistent with the socio-economic development and environmental protection.

This is an important concept for candidates preparing for the upcoming IAS Exam. Questions based on the same shall be asked under the Government Schemes and policies part of the UPSC exam. 

Aspirants can also get a comprehensive list of Government Schemes in India at the linked article. 

What is Family Planning Insurance Scheme?

Family Planning Insurance Scheme (FPIS) was introduced w.e.f 29th November 2005 with Oriental Insurance Company, to take care of the cases of failure of Sterilization, Medical Complications or Death resulting from Sterilization, and also provide Indemnity Cover to the Doctor/Health Facility performing Sterilization procedure.

Other Family Planning Schemes

Given below are two other important schemes which were launched by the Government for Family Planning in India:

  • Scheme to Compensate Acceptors of Sterilization for Loss of Wages: With a view to encourage people to adopt a permanent method of Family Planning, Government has been implementing a Centrally Sponsored Scheme since 1981 to compensate the acceptors of sterilization for the loss of wages for the day on which he/she attended the medical facility for undergoing sterilization.
  • Health Insurance Schemes: 
    • The Government of India has made provisions for the development of Health Insurance Schemes for below Poverty Line (BPL) families under the framework of national Rural Health Mission (NRHM). 
    • The Ministry has subsidized the cost of the annual premium up to 75 per cent, subject to a maximum of Rs. 300 per BPL family for this Scheme. The Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) being administered by Ministry of Labour & Employment provides for Smart Card based cashless health insurances cover for Rs. 30000 per annum to BPL families (a unit of five) in the unorganized sector. 

FAQ about Family Planning Insurance Scheme

What is the importance of family planning in India?

Family planning is important for Indian households for the following reasons: (1) To avoid unintended pregnancies, (2) To reduce birth rate of children and the number of dependants in the family, (3) To control the growth rate of population in India, (4) To protect women from any health risks that may occur before, during or after childbirth.

When was family planning started in India?

India became the first country among the developing nations to launch a state-sponsored family planning program, the National Family Planning Program, in 1952. The objectives of the scheme are lower fertility rates and slow population growth as a means to propel economic development.

Candidates can refer to the UPSC Syllabus at the linked article and their IAS exam preparation for the prelims and mains accordingly. 

All Government exam aspirants can also get the best Preparation Strategy for Competitive Exams at the linked article. 

For the latest exam updates, study material and notes, candidates can visit BYJU’S. 

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