India is the first country that launched a National Family Planning Programme in 1952, emphasizing fertility regulation for reducing birth rates to the extent necessary to stabilize to population at a level consistent with the socio-economic development and environmental protection. a) Government of India Scheme to Compensate Acceptors of Sterilization for Loss of Wages: With a view to encourage people to adopt permanent method of Family Planning, Government has been implementing a Centrally Sponsored Scheme since 1981 to compensate the acceptors of sterilization for the loss of wages for the day on which he/she attended the medical facility for undergoing sterilization. b) Family Planning Insurance Scheme Family Planning Insurance Scheme (FPIS) was introduced w.e.f 29th November 2005 with Oriental Insurance Company, to take care of the cases of failure of Sterilization, Medical Complications or Death resulting from Sterilization, and also provide Indemnity Cover to the Doctor/Health Facility performing Sterilization procedure. c) Health Insurance Schemes The Government of India has made provisions for development of Health Insurance Schemes for below Poverty Line (BPL) families under the framework of national Rural Health Mission (NRHM). The Ministry has subsidized the cost of the annual premium up to 75 per cent, subject to a maximum of Rs. 300 per BPL family for this Scheme. The Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) being administered by Ministry of Labour & Employment provides for Smart Card based cashless health insurances cover for Rs. 30000 per annum to BPL families (a unit of five) in the unorganized sector. The scheme is presently being implemented in 25 States/UTs.