Gandhara, Mathura & Amravati Schools of Art

The Kushanas brought artisans trained in different countries to India and this gave rise to several schools of art such as Mathura and Gandhara forms. Gandhara art shows the synthesis of both local and foreign elements under the influence of Buddhism. Indian craftsmen came in contact with the central Asians, Greeks, and Romans in the north western frontier of India in Gandhara. This gave rise to a new kind of art called Gandhara art in which images are made in Greco-Roman style. Buddha’s hair was fashioned like a Greek warrior.

An indigenous style developed in Mathura. It used mostly red sand stone. Mathura produced beautiful images of Buddha. Mathura art flourished in the early Christian era, and this art is influenced by Gandhara art. 

During the same period, Amravati art flourished in the south of Vindhya in Andhra Pradesh. Amravati became a great centre of Buddhist art and the stories connected with the Buddha came to be portrayed in numerous panels.

Question: With respect to ancient history of India which of the following are true?

  1. Gandhara art is a Greco-Roman art
  2. Mathura art used red sandstone extensively in its art

a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both d) none

Answer: C

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